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《债与命》(Life and Debt )AVI

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  • 摘要:
    发行时间2001年
    地区美国
    语言英语
  • 时间: 2005/12/30 12:15:52 发布 | 2005/12/30 12:15:52 更新
  • 分类: 综艺  纪录片 

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中文名债与命
英文名Life and Debt
别名生活与债务
版本AVI
发行时间2001年
地区美国
语言英语
简介

IPB Image
杀毒软件:瑞星2005
版本:18.07.02
病毒库:2005-12-26
服务器:Razorback 2
在线时间:0900-2200




导演: 史提芬妮.黑(Stephanie Black)

伴着纯粹的瑞格舞曲的声迹,随着历史纪录的电影胶片,《生活与债务》通过对综错复杂的重大事件进行直接而洞察的分析,映现了全球化、自由贸易和世界经济政策所带来的影响。” ———芝加哥论坛

《生活与债务》是全球化对牙买加Jamaica这个第三世界国家影响所做的一个动人的,意味深长的检查。它揭露了在过去 25年中,国际货币基金组织(IMF)、世界银行和其他援助组织是如何通过其经济政策,在“自由贸易”的幌子下,改变牙买家经济,让当地人民在贫困中挣扎,在工厂里挣血汗钱。2002年8月6日,在牙买加庆祝其从英国殖民地中独立四十周年之际,《生活与债务》带我们在这个旅行者的天堂,进行了一次启迪之旅,真实自然地展现了它的另一面。

在台放映简评:

这部纪录片透过(牙买加)看到经济全球化的缩影。片中播放着Reggae轻快旋律,甚至出现曾经在其他地方听过耳熟能详的音乐,直觉是快乐的摇摆;然而在中文字幕上吟唱着的是一段又一段生活困苦的辛酸,才知是苦中作乐。特别是白人游客因工作辛勤获得大笔酬劳到梦想中的旅游圣地消费的过程,与当地人因强国压制与政府无能成为共犯,让人民必须减少生产、成为强国专属奴隶领取不合理的薪资、甚至无工作导致经济萧条导致社会动盪的影像穿插,更突显全球化的经济体系只是新世代杀人不见血的殖民手段。

Amazon comments:

Narrated by Jamaica Kincaid based on her non-fiction book, "A Small Place," her familiar honey-toned voice captures the cadence of the islands. "If you come to Jamaica as a tourist, this is what you will see..." The camera then focuses on well-fed and happy tourists. They eat sumptuous meals. ("You'd be surprised to find out that every bite of food you eat comes off a plane from Miami.") They enjoy the view from their rooms ("You probably don't know that the sewage from the hotel is going straight into the ocean")

Basically though, this film is about economics and the changes that have occurred in the years since the British left in the 1960s and Jamaica had to borrow money from international lending institutions. Former Prime Minister Michael Manley describes how the interest is so high that it keeps the economy constantly in a debt that keeps growing. And Jamaican money is so devalued that it is cheaper to buy imports rather than produce them itself.

Just a few years ago, farmers got good prices from raising chickens and there was large plant to process them, giving people jobs. The factories are closed now and the farmers can't sell their chickens because of cheaper imports. Also, there is a special free trade zone where garments are put together for such companies such as Hanes. Everything is delivered to the factory pre-cut and ready to sew and the workers toil long hours for no more than $30 per week. During the course of the filming, even that factory closed to reopen in another third-world country where the labor might be even cheaper.

All this is contrasted with constant cuts to the tourists who are frolicking at the hotels and enjoying themselves in such silly games as beer drinking contests.

The film is done well, and the cinematography and direction are excellent. I was able to follow the points being made about the economic issues and, although I know I don't have enough background in the subject to really understand it completely, there was no doubt about how the economy is collapsing. Even their banana exports are being threatened. This film is definitely worth seeing.

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