男中音：Peter Schreier, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
女高音：Edith Mathis, Brigitte Fassbaender
钢琴家：Karl Engel, Wolfgang Sawallisch
录音：Berlin, Studio Lankwitz, 9/1981
CD编号：Deutsche G 423 133-2
资源出处：my own cd
现代人比一世纪前更崇敬勃拉姆斯，但真正了解他的人反而少了。大部分古典乐迷主要尊崇他的交响曲和协奏曲，然而这只是勃拉姆斯作品的一小部分而已。他其余的作品还包括24首室内乐、24首钢琴独奏曲，以及大约两百首歌曲；说到这些歌曲，我们不得不提及一些双钢琴或四手联弹的作品。像是《匈牙利舞曲》(Ungarische Tänze)、《爱之歌圆舞曲》及《新爱之歌圆舞曲》(Liebeslieder, Op. 52a & Op.65)等。
这张专辑收集了勃拉姆斯的作品《爱之歌圆舞曲》(Liebeslieder-walzer)及《新爱之歌圆舞曲》(Nene Liebeslieder-walzer)，再加上三首《四重唱练声曲》(Drei Quartette, Op.65)。勃拉姆斯乃承袭了贝多芬以来古典乐派的形态，再以浪漫主义的手法，创造出和声深厚、管弦乐富丽、结构严谨的音乐，具有驾驭人声融入旋律的歌曲创作能力。他的音乐织度常是丰润温暖的，有时甚至具有催眠力，游走于恬美的忧郁与贝多芬式的自我防御之间。写给混声合唱和钢琴四首联弹的新旧《爱之歌圆舞曲》，他运用当时社会所喜爱的圆舞曲节奏及音乐，选择歌德(第二组)的情诗，谱成混声四部(加上独唱者)的合唱曲，特别的是，以四手联弹钢琴伴奏；本曲旋律情感丰富但内敛，流泻着勃拉姆斯特有的抒情性，并且蕴藏着炽烈的感情，这些以民间通俗欢愉为题材的作品，散发着浓郁的纯朴芳香。
Liebeslieder-walzer, Op.52a & Op.65
Brahms's three sets of waltzes celebrate a predominantly Schubertian heritage. Indeed, each of these works–Op. 39 for four-hand piano, as well as the Liebeslieder Walzer, Op 52, and Neue Liebeslieder Walzer, Op. 65, for piano duet and vocal quartet–plays an integral role in a kind of "Schubert project" that occupied the composer during his first decade in Vienna. Brahms edited a number of Schubert's unpublished compositions at this time, including, among other works, one book of 12 Ländler in 1864 (D. 790) and a second of 20 Ländler in May 1869 (D. 366 and 814). To each he quickly responded with a cycle of his own making–the Op. 39 Waltzes in January 1865 and the Op. 52 Liebeslieder (marked, tellingly, "Im Ländler-Tempo") in August 1869. Two years later Brahms considered editing a third group of Schubert dances. Although this project came to nothing, the composer's imagination was once more sparked, and by 1874, the Neue Liebeslieder–some of which date back to the time of Op. 52–had been completed.
For all their Schubertian background, however, the two sets of vocal waltzes reflect a more contemporary source of influence as well. From time to time Brahms drew inspiration from the Waltz King himself, Johann Strauss Jr. Thus, "Am Donaustrande, da steht ein Haus," Op. 52, No. 9, seems indebted to the beloved "Blue Danube" Waltz, not only for its essential imagery, but perhaps for certain musical details as well.
Although Brahms conceived of the Liebeslieder as pieces of genuine Hausmusik–he described them as such when sending the manuscript of the first book to his publisher Simrock in the summer of 1869–he nevertheless teased the latter with the possibility of adapting some of the numbers for "small choir and orchestra" and so (in the manner of Strauss) making some "pretty concert numbers." It was not until January 1870, however, owing to friendly pressure from Ernst Rudorff of the Berlin Hochschule, that Brahms actually set about orchestrating some of the pieces, joining eight dances from Op. 52 with a ninth that would later appear in Op. 65. Rudorff performed the suite with great success in Berlin on March 19, 1870, employing a quartet of solo singers (as Brahms had now requested) rather than a small choir (as the composer had originally conceived). Reporting to Brahms on this triumph, Rudorff encouraged his friend to take up his pen once more and to publish the entire Op. 52 cycle in a purely orchestral dress. For his part, Brahms not only had no inclination to do so, but after trying out the suite himself in Budapest with both soloists and choir, lost interest in the orchestral version altogether, which remained unpublished until 1938.
In view of the large number of dances contained within the original Op. 52 set, it is not surprising that Brahms struggled over matters of order and arrangement. Surviving manuscripts and other documents show that in some cases the question of the sequence of the eighteen dances and even their keys remained unsettled until it was time to go to press, and that at once time or another Brahms considered releasing the collections in either two or three separate books before finally settling on an undivided plan. Still, most adjoining dances are in closely related keys, and some waltzes share significant harmonic and motivic material. Brahms's arrangements thus yield continuity between adjacent dances, coherence within larger units, and closure for each complete cycle. These features are apparent, too, in the shorter orchestral suite. On the basis of both mood and character and tonal relationships, the nine dances cohere into three groups: 1) Op. 52, Nos. 1, 2, 4, 5; 2) Op. 65, No. 9 and Op. 52, No. 11; and 3) Op. 52,Nos. 8, 9, and 6. (At some later point, the suite was reordered slightly, with the removal of Op. 52, No. 9 to a position between Op. 52, Nos. 4 and 5.) Rudorff clearly sensed this latent tripartite form, and in his Berlin performance, as he explained to Brahms, he made pauses only after the fourth and sixth numbers.
The texts of the Liebeslieder are East European folk poems in translations by Georg Friedrich Daumer. As we might expect, Brahms's settings are hardly the "trifles" described by their self-effacing composer in a note to Simrock. True, the first piece ("Rede, Mädchen") begins simply, with "oom-pah-pah" vamping. But the music rapidly becomes more sophisticated, as Brahms eschews literal repetition–a hallmark of popular Music–in favor of continual variation. Most striking, perhaps, is the return of the original tune in free inversion twice later in the piece, with corresponding changes in the counterpoint of the accompaniment. The first waltz thus contains within itself a striking contrast between popular and art music, and throughout the rest of the work these opposing forces are played out with a sure hand.
The Liebeslieder Walzer, in short, are quintessential Brahms. Though their charm may derive in part from the contrast in which they stand to his work as a whole, their eternal freshness stems from technique refined in larger forms. As Ernest Newman, the British critics and Wagner biographer put it, "had Brahms never been stretched to the tension of such works as the C-minor Symphony and the Requiem, he could never have relaxed to the charm of the waltzes." This image tells a familiar story–of an uncompromising composer who brought the highest artistic sensibilities to every expression of his muse.
———David Brodbeck, University of Pittsburgh
Contributor, The Compleat Brahms
→ Edith Mathis (Sopran), Brigitte Fassbaender (Alt), Peter Schreier (Tenor), Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (Bariton)
Karl Engel & Wolfgang Sawallisch (Piano)
01. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Rede, Madchen, allzu liebes
02. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Am gesteine rauscht die Flut
03. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: O die Frauen
04. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Wie des Abends schone Rote
05. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Die grune Hopfenranke
06. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Ein kleiner, hubscher Vogel
07. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Wohl schon bewandt
08. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Wenn so lind dein Auge
09. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Am Donaustrande, da steht ein Haus
10. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: O wie sanft die Quelle
11. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Nein, es ist nicht auszukommen
12. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Schlosser auf! und mache Schlosser
13. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Vogelein durchrauscht die Luft
14. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Sieh, wie ist die Welle klar
15. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Nachtigall, sie singt so schon
16. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Ein dunkeler Schacht ist Liebe
17. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Nicht wandle, mein Licht
18. Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.52: Es bebet das Gestrauche
19. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Verzicht, o Herz, auf Rettung
20. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Finstere Schatten der Hacht
21. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: An jeder Hand die Finger
22. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Ihr schwarzen Augen
23. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Wahre, wahre deinen Sohn
24. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Rosen steckt mir an die Mutter
25. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Vom Gebirge, Well' auf Well'
26. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Weiche Graser im Revier
27. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Nagen am Herzen
28. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Ich kose suB mit der und der
29. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Alles, alles in den Wind
30. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Schwarzer Wald, dein Schatten ist so duster
31. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Nein, Geliebter, setze dich
32. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Flammenauge, dunkles Haar
33. Neue Liebeslieder, Walzer Op.65: Zum SchluB: Num, ihr Musen, genug!
34. Drei Quartette Op.64: An die Heimat (Sternau)
35. Drei Quartette Op.64: Der Abend (Schiller)
36. Drei Quartette Op.64: Fragen