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Karl Richter -《巴哈:布兰登堡协奏曲》(Bach - Brandenburg Concertos)[2 CD][APE]

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  • 摘要:
    古典类型全集作品
    发行时间1958年
  • 时间: 2015/01/29 13:39:57 发布 | 2015/01/29 17:50:11 更新
  • 分类: 音乐  古典音乐 

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专辑英文名Bach - Brandenburg Concertos
专辑中文名巴哈:布兰登堡协奏曲
艺术家Karl Richter
古典类型全集作品
资源格式APE
版本[2 CD]
发行时间1958年
地区美国
语言英语
简介

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专辑介绍:

白日悠光里的卡尔.李希特 @ franwu

因为前阵子购买的《巴哈:布兰登堡协奏曲》*1,实在很棒,因此,我对卡尔.李希特就开始留心了起来。

原来,卡尔.李希特(Karl Richter)在五零年代成立了慕尼黑巴哈乐团以及合唱团,他除了担任指挥以外,还演奏管风琴和大键琴。一般认为,他不是「浪漫派」也不是「复古派」的詮释者,据称他的詮释方法是「完全来自内心的诚挚」;但也因此,他的詮释方式被认为不够有学术性基础,很快地就被排挤了。

而真正懂得欣赏卡尔.李希特的,可能只有日本人。

日本的《名曲名盘300》一直以卡尔.李希特指挥的《巴哈:管弦乐曲》为首选,三名内还有卡尔.李希特演奏、指挥的《巴哈:音乐的贡献》,第11到15名,则居然分别由卡尔.李希特指挥的《巴哈:清唱剧BWV147》、《巴哈:马太受难曲》、《巴哈:耶诞神剧》荣任;而《不灭名盘800》,更是推荐卡尔.李希特的《巴哈:马太受难曲》为「不朽100」之一;至於日本唱片艺术发行的《不朽名盘1000》,那就更别提有多少张卡尔.李希特的詮释版了!

就连在文学中,也有村上春树在《世界末日与冷酷异境》用「我」指称,卡尔.李希特指挥的布兰登堡协奏曲是他所听过最好的版本。

由此可见卡尔.李希特在日本人心中的地位,确实是「巴哈专家」。

简之,因为对卡尔.李希特异常好奇,所以前几天特别去诚品找他的CD。果然,他的CD并不好找,我绕了一圈,发现诚品只剩下《巴哈:管弦乐曲》和《巴哈:清唱剧》,后来想想不死心,多绕一圈后,才找到几张节选的专辑,也就是DG的《雄辩系列》,把几首弥撒曲和受难曲收录在一起的「选粹」……。

事实上,多年前DG曾经为他出版过全集,不过,可惜已经绝版了。幸好的是,还有几张是可以代订的。

关於不採取之前的浪漫派的詮释方式,卡尔.李希特的解释是这样子的:「这种演绎法矫正了19世纪那种感情过多、极度主观的演奏,去除了感情化的詮释,产生了净化的效果。」

很多人推论,卡尔.李希特詮释的巴哈所以能那么动人,和他生长在宗教家庭有关;亦即,即便不依靠什么学理基础、单凭内心诚挚,卡尔.李希特詮释的巴哈仍然非常有内涵。

因为初入门的关係,我很难做任何评论,不过,以纯粹主观的角度来说,我喜欢卡尔.李希特的詮释!

*1:布兰登堡协奏曲一共分为六个部份,分别由不同的乐器担纲:第一号是法国号协奏曲,第二号是小号协奏曲,第三号是弦乐合奏曲,第四号是长笛协奏曲,第五号是大键琴协奏曲,而第六号则也是弦乐合奏曲。在古典音乐编号中,被编为 BWV1046 ~ 1051。

http://blog.roodo.com/franwu/archives/504206.html

巴哈的权威 Karl Richter - 勃兰登堡协奏曲 @ george1977
Karl Richter (1926年-1981年),德国指挥家、管风琴演奏家。出生於一个新教牧师家庭,从小受巴赫音乐的薰陶。1949年-1950年间任莱比希托马斯教堂管风琴师(巴赫也曾任此职)。1951年创立了慕尼黑巴赫管弦乐团。Karl Richter是演绎巴哈首屈一指的权威,他生前录制了很多巴赫作品的录音。其中著名的有:(巴赫)《勃兰登堡协奏曲》、(巴赫)《马太受难乐》、(巴赫)《约翰受难乐》、(巴赫)《b小调弥撒曲》、(亨德尔)《弥赛亚》等。Karl Richter对於用仿古乐器演奏巴罗克音乐的古乐运动并没有随波逐流,他更注重在「神」而非「形」上去再现巴赫。

对我来说,Karl Richter的巴哈有如Sandor Vegh的正统莫扎特詮释,削走浪漫派的缓慢及沉重的同时,又免除了 Period Instrument 的粗糙音色,善用现代乐器及奏法的均匀音色,音色乾净又悦耳。Karl Richter则採用最好的乐手。他的 Munich Bach Orchestra并非常设团体,Karl Richter在则乐团在,常有维也纳爱乐及柏林爱乐的乐手客席。例如 VPO 的团长Gerhard Hetzel及瑞士长笛好手Aurele Nicolet(曾任BPO长笛首席)。

这2张是全套 Brandenburg协奏曲加1张 Orchestral Suite (No.1-2),日本版 Hybrid SACD售价很贵(6000 日圆),。其实他们在DGG 另有同曲的DVD只不过 HK$150,不过是Unitel制作,音质仅仅及格,但与 1967年的DGG录音有一段距离。这张就真的是DGG的幕后班底制作。同时期的录音,DGG 国际版CD很少有如此乾净自然,残响丰富的音色,可能是绝版 DSD Remastering 的关係,也难怪日本DGG够胆卖正价。

日本DGG最近又利用 SHM-CD 重新发行这套Brandenburg协奏曲加全套 Orchestral Suite, HK$ 600大元, SHM-CD 多细节及现场感, 但空气感及模拟味似乎 SACD 略胜一仗!

http://hk.myblog.yahoo.com/georgefung1977/article?mid=2



Release Date 1995
Duration01:46:09
Genre Classical
Styles Concerto

Format Title/Label Year
CD Bach: Brandenburg Concertos Nos. 1-6 Teldec 1996
CD Bach: Brandenburg Concertos Nos. 1-6 ZYX Music 2012

引用
Peter Bright wrote (August 16, 2006):
The six Brandenburg Concertos, first printed in 1721, represent relatively early works in Bach’s canon. All were probably compiled, at least in their early versions, by 1717, when he took the post of Cappelmeister in Cothen. Every one of the concertos is a masterpiece of sustained invention that tears up the conventions of the standard concerto grosso form both in terms of harmonic complexity and professional virtuosity.

The disc presents three of the concertos, nos 1, 2 and 5, led by the great conductor, choirmaster and organist Karl Richter (1926-1981), who was for a time, like Bach before him, organist of the Leipzig Thomaskirche. This is the first of his recordings, released in 1958.

The first concerto is arranged for hunting horns, oboes, bassoon, strings and continuo. From the opening movement it is immediately apparent that the brass section is too quiet, and, at times almost inaudible. The violins are overly prominent, which robs the music of its richness. Indeed the horns should play a crucial role here, initially clashing rhythmically with the strings, later assimilated into the harmony to produce an elegant ending. Unfortunately this is lost and the overall impression is not favourable. The notes specify that concertos 1 and 5 have been electronically "converted" from mono to stereo, which may have caused this effect.

The second movement (adagio) contains a beautifully played oboe part, although the tempo in this recording may be a little slow for some. The third (allegro) is also a joy, the strings playful and realistic, although let down again by the indistinct horns. The delightful fourth movement is comprised of a series of dances, and Richter shines here. The oboes and bassoon in the first trio weave an elegant dance around each other, while the horns and oboes play a hunting melody without strings in the second. These interludes are interspersed around an elegant repeated minuet and polonaise. There is much to enjoy in this performance of concerto 1, but I would not recommend it as a first choice for a recording on modern instrument. Instead, I would suggest Britten’s set on Decca from 1968.

Concerto no. 2 is written for trumpet, recorder, oboe, strings and continuo. The first and third movements are real lip splitters for the trumpeters. Here, the solo playing is of a very high order, but there are problems with the ensemble, at least one violin not quite in tune. The following andante is quite the most beautiful performance on the disc, however, and as perfect a realisation of this simple but immensely affective piece that I have heard. The third movement, once again, has a superbly played trumpet line which rounds off the work with great energy.

Concerto 5, although scored for a more modest group of instruments (flute, strings and harpsichord), contains some of Bach’s lushest and most romantic music. There is a great dignity to the strings and flute parts in the opening section, which eventually give way to an extended harpsichord candenza that is relatively ugly and lifeless. The wonderfully scored affectuoso is also a disappointment, played at a very slow tempo which renders it dull. Finally, the allegro, a playful fugue, rescues the performance from mediocrity. The flute section is very light and the strings assured, providing an impressive finish to a problematic performance.

Overall, I cannot recommend this recording, particularly to those unfamiliar with these magnificent creations. However, Richter did revisit the Brandenburg Concertos in 1967, to a far more impressive effect. It should also be noted that the chamber orchestra was, at the time, several years short of developing into one of the great ensembles, the Munich Bach Orchestra. Those who have the later set may want these performances as a comparison set, but I’m afraid that they are best avoided by the uninitiated.


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专辑曲目

Disc 1

Brandenburg Concerto No. 1 in F major, BWV 1046
01. Allegro 4:11
02. Adagio 4:12
03. Allegro 5:02
04. Menuetto - Trio 1 - Menuetto, Polonaise - Menuetto - Trio 2 - Menuetto 8:48

Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F major, BWV 1047
05. Allegro 5:26
06. Andante 4:13
07. Allegro assai 3:16

Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D major, BWV 1050
08. Allegro 10:27
09. Affetuoso 5:42
10. Allegro 5:13

Disc 2

Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 in G major, BWV 1048
01. Allegro - Cadenza 7:32
02. Allegro 5:47

Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G major, BWV 1049
03. Allegro 8:05
04. Andante 4:16
05. Presto 5:33

Brandenburg Concerto No. 6 in B flat major, BWV 1051
06. Allegro 6:49
07. Adagio, ma non tanto 5:27
08. Allegro 6:10

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