Stephen Kaufman | Staff Writer | 2013.01.31
蓝调音乐植根于密西西比河三角洲（Mississippi River Delta）的美国黑奴文化，是美国当代音乐的源头，为爵士乐、福音歌、摇滚乐、乡村音乐、蓝草音乐、嘻哈乐和节奏布鲁斯（R&B）注入了昇华精神的能量。
雅民曾以国务院文化大使的身份巡游世界许多地方，表演、创作和讲授爵士乐和蓝调音乐。他对蓝调音乐的喜爱可追溯到芝加哥（Chicago）鼓手沃尔特‧珀金斯（Walter Perkins）来到纽约地区的时候，那时雅民19岁，他加入了珀金斯的乐队。珀金斯曾与芝加哥传奇人物约翰‧李‧胡克（John Lee Hooker）、马迪‧沃特斯（Muddy Waters）和孟菲斯‧斯利姆（Memphis Slim）等同臺演出。雅民网站上的传记中説，由於珀金斯的影响，“蓝调音乐渗透其每一个细胞”。
在他们定期于纽约皇后区云雀休息厅（Skylark Lounge）举行的演唱会上，珀金斯会激励雅民进行现场创作。他会説：“女士们，先生们，下一首歌的歌名是‘红豆和稻米’（Red Beans and Rice）。”然后这位鼓手会立即宣佈开始。
雅民的埃利‧雅民蓝调乐队（Eli Yamin Blues Band）于2010年智利地震后不久访问了巴西和智利，并於2011年发行了《我喜出望外》（I Feel So Glad）专辑，其内页説明中有雅民的一篇献词，题为“为什么我们现在需要蓝调”。
商品条码 : 0602498010440
商品编号 : B000053202
艺人/团体 : 比比金 B.B.King - 查看所有专辑
专辑名称 : 百感交集
音乐类型 : 爵士 [CD 专辑]
发行公司/日期 : 环球
内含片数 : 1
American Blues Music Formed by Pain to Cure Pain
Washington — By design, blues music takes its name from a state of feeling depressed or melancholy. Its purpose, for both the performer and the listener, is to overcome those feelings and lift spirits. As legendary blues guitarist B.B. King describes it, 「The blues is pain, but it』s
pain that brings joy.」
From its roots in African-American slave culture in the Mississippi River Delta, the blues is at the heart of American contemporary music, ending its soulful energy to jazz, gospel, rock and roll, country, bluegrass, hip hop and R&B.
「It』s a magical music and it』s a healing music,」 New York–based jazz and blues pianist Eli Yamin said. 「It has a universal appeal because no matter what background you come from, everybody has the blues at some point and we play the blues to get rid of the blues.」
Yamin, who has toured much of the world as a State Department cultural ambassador, regularly performs, composes and teaches jazz and blues music.
He traces his love of the blues from the time Chicago drummer Walter Perkins came to the New York area and Yamin, then 19 years old, joined his band. Perkins had performed with Chicago legends such as John Lee Hooker, Muddy Waters and Memphis Slim. Through Perkins, Yamin 「absorbed the blues into every molecule of his being,」 according to his website biography.
At their regular gigs at the Skylark Lounge in Queens, New York, Perkins would challenge Yamin to compose on the spot. 「Ladies and gentlemen, this next song is called 『Red Beans and Rice,』」 he would say, and the drummer would immediately start counting off the beginning.
「I would just have to call out a key and make up a song called 『Red Beans and Rice,』」 Yamin said. Perkins was 「completely absorbing,」 he recalled, and playing with him was like 「being possessed.」
Yamin defines blues as 「incantation and percussion」 because of the magic involved in putting your own soul into the performance. 「If you』re trying to put a spell on me … you have to focus your entire being in order to put a spell to work, and when the blues is done right, that』s exactly what you do,」 he said. 「When you』re playing the blues with people who believe in the blues, it』s like you』ve all gone to a place beyond time and space, and it』s unbelievable.」
Legend has it that as a young man living on a plantation in rural Mississippi, guitarist Robert Johnson sold his soul to the Devil in order to become a blues master. The mystical power of the blues remains in its Delta birthplace, but Yamin said for visitors the appearance of the landscape can be deceiving.
Eli Yamin, shown performing in March 2011, says the blues works like a magical incantation to channel life』s hardships into something soulful and joyful.
「You see fields, you see farms. It looks simple on the outside, and maybe that』s kind of a great metaphor」 since the blues seems to be a simple art form, but 「it really does represent such an amazing wealth of human experience and pain, but people overcoming that pain through their perseverance and the support of their community,」 he said.
Much of its inspiration came from American slavery, and the desire of slaves to transform their suffering and humiliation into an avenue of self-expression. The blues continued to flow out of the black experience with racial segregation, discrimination and poverty, and it spread throughout the United States as musicians from the Delta moved to urban centers such as Chicago and Kansas City.
Even today, the blues is like 「a container for this unbelievable range of feeling and for contacting the spirit,」 Yamin said. Everyone has gone through some kind of challenge in their lives, and 「you have to be open to sourcing that for your art,」 because people 「want to feel something」 when they』re hearing the blues and 「experience that power.」
From his many travels, Yamin can attest that the blues has universal appeal. The genre has no instrumental or cultural limitations, and he recalls jamming with African drummers, Indian singers, Chinese zither players and many, many others. For audiences young and old, the sounds and structures are immediately familiar.
Early rock and roll is 「almost exactly the same」 as the blues, he said, and even the youngest audiences 「have heard singers who have grown up in the black church and who have sung in blues vocabulary, so when they hear more classic styles played right in front of them, they have no problem」 relating to it.
In the liner notes for the 2011 album I Feel So Glad by the Eli Yamin Blues Band, Yamin wrote a dedication titled 「Why We Need the Blues Now」 following the band』s visit to Brazil and to Chile in the wake of its 2010 earthquake.
「How do we get better at working together and understanding one another? How do we support each other during hard times?」 he asked. 「For me, I have found no better way than the blues. Created in the darkest hour of human suffering and now embraced all over the world.」
We need the blues, he said. 「It is secular sacred music and it soothes our soul,」 regardless of one』s religious persuasion. 「The blues makes us realize our common humanity. May we heed its message and share it with every breath,」 Yamin wrote.
B.B. King – Reflections
Label: MCA Records – 000053202
Format: CD, Album, Compilation
Released: 10 Jun 2003
Style: Chicago Blues, Electric Blues
Number of Discs: 1
This is a Super Audio CD playable only on Super Audio CD players. Having plied his trade for well over a half century, B.B. King kicks back with 2003 outing REFLECTIONS that finds him tackling a baker's dozen worth of pop, jazz, country and blues standards. Teaming up with Eric Clapton producer Simon Climie, King is also joined by a coterie of respected sidemen including jazz great Joe Sample and blues-rocker Doyle Bramhall II. Among the many influential idols this Mississippi native tips his hat to include Louis Armstrong (a stirring "What a Wonderful World"), Nat "King Cole (the snappy "Exactly Like You"), and Frank Sinatra (a lush "I'll String You Along.") Oftentimes in the quest to lend an air of sophistication to a project that leans so heavily on older and more classic material, there's always the danger of an everything-but-the-kitchen-sink approach when it comes to adding additional orchestration.
Thankfully, Alan Douglas uses a light touch with his string arrangements on cuts like "On My Word of Honor" and "Neighborhood Affair," a pair of songs previously recorded by King. With REFLECTIONS, this guitar-playing septuagenarian shows he's hasn't lost a step. Recorded at Record One, Sherman Oaks, California. Personnel: B.B. King (guitar); Doyle Bramhall II (guitar); Toby Baker (Fender Rhodes piano); Tim Carmon (piano, Hammond B-3 organ); Joe Sample (keyboards); Nathan East (bass); Abe Laboriel Jr. (drums). Personnel: B.B. King (vocals, electric guitar); Doyle Bramhall II (guitar); Joe Sample (Wurlitzer piano, Fender Rhodes piano, acoustic
piano); Tom Baker (Fender Rhodes piano); Tim Carmon (acoustic piano, Hammond B-3 organ); Nathan East (bass); Abe Laboriel Jr. (drums). Rolling Stone (07/24/03, p.86) - 3 stars out of 5 - "Still a force of nature at seventy-seven, B.B. King has made his new album, REFLECTIONS, a classy affair, tilted toward ballads and standards..."Vibe (7/03, p.146) - 4 out of 5 - "...A set of 13 Tin Pan Alley, jazz, blues and R&B songs that have inspired and comforted him....REFLECTIONS is one of B.B. King's most memorable..."
B.B. King unleashes his inner crooner on this collection of 13 of his sentimental favorites. With a five-piece studio band rather than his usual orchestra, the arrangements stay spare throughout, allowing King to exercise his classic vocal chops--although some fans may be disappointed by his low-key guitar playing, as King's beloved axe Lucille plays second fiddle to Texas guitarist Doyle Bramhall II's six-string. Still, King's in excellent voice, whether revisiting early inspiration Lonnie Johnson's romantic "Tomorrow Night," embracing buddy Willie Nelson's golden "Always on My Mind," or tackling numbers recorded by Sam Cooke and Nat "King" Cole ("(I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons"), Louis Armstrong ("What a Wonderful World"), and Frank Sinatra ("I'll String Along with You"). Fans will recognize "On My Word of Honor" and the King original "Neighborhood Affair" from previous recordings and "I Want a Little Girl" from his live performances. Although King does justice to all these numbers, his most heartfelt selection may be "A Mother's Love," a performance that seems to draw on the heartache he still carries from the loss of his own mother when he was a child, nearly 70 years ago. --Ted Drozdowski
BY Parke Puterbaugh | July 2, 2003
Still a force of nature at seventy-seven, B.B. King has made his new album, Reflections, a classy affair, tilted toward ballads and standards.
King gives a warmly enveloping take on "(I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons"; his voice opens up wide, and glistening notes fall from his guitar. Admittedly, he seems a little wobbly and uncertain on "A Mother's Love" and "Neighborhood Affair," and King's wooden takes on "Always on My Mind" and "What a Wonderful World" fall well short of the definitive versions by Willie Nelson and Louis Armstrong. But the band — which includes young bloods Doyle Bramhall II on guitar and Abe Laboriel Jr. on drums — cooks with swaggering big-band panache on "Exactly Like You" and "I Want a Little Girl," and King plays and sings with gritty elegance on "I Need You" and "Tomorrow Night."
01. Exactly Like You 3:21
02. On My Word Of Honor 3:22
03. I Want A Little Girl 2:48
04. I'll String Along With You 3:31
05. I Need You 3:03
06. A Mother's Love 2:59
07. (I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons 3:31
08. Neighborhood Affair 4:27
09. Tomorrow Night 3:38
10. There I've Said It Again 3:30
11. Always On My Mind 3:57
12. Cross My Heart 4:29
13. What A Wonderful World 3:57