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Various Artists -《钢琴精华名作》(The Essential Piano)[2 CD][FLAC]

  • 状态: 精华资源
  • 摘要:
    古典类型全集作品
    发行时间2009年
  • 时间: 2013/08/23 09:53:27 发布 | 2013/08/25 10:55:36 更新
  • 分类: 音乐  古典音乐 

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专辑英文名The Essential Piano
专辑中文名钢琴精华名作
艺术家Various Artists
古典类型全集作品
资源格式FLAC
版本[2 CD]
发行时间2009年
地区澳大利亚
语言英语
简介

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专辑介绍:

古典钢琴音乐必备专辑; 乐器之王 - 钢琴 始终能为古典音乐带来最佳的詮释 , essential Piano古典名家名曲给您最好听的古典钢琴音乐.


钢琴被誉为《乐器之王》当之无愧,因为它是所有乐器中构造最复杂的,音域最广的乐器,而且从十八世纪末以来,在欧洲及美国它一直是最主要的家庭键盘乐器,到目前为止亚洲地区主要国家的家庭中也普遍的被拥有。钢琴原名为Pianoforte(或译为古钢琴),亦可称为Fortepiano,但是发展至今我们普遍的使用Piano这个简称。

在巴哈(Bach,Johann Sabastian 1685—1750)复音音乐时代,还没有像我们这种现代的钢琴,当时使用的除了教堂的管风琴外,就是大键琴(harpsichord)和翼琴clavichord),那个时期钢琴才刚刚发明,性能上还不是很好,但是巴哈的作品至今仍然可用钢琴弹奏。

钢琴也是随著时代的进展而演变,在十八世纪初,有义大利乐器制造家制造了单手弹奏的形式,也有发明了一种类似大键琴且能发出强弱声响的琴,在德国亦有钢琴制造者开始实验有琴槌的简单机械装置,而他们分成了两个发展路线,有的照著比较强音的翼琴制造,另一种则是在构想和音质上像力度柔软的大琴,但是在十八世纪末,在英国重新被发明,琴槌则是依附在琴键上的槓桿的铰链而转动,音量大而宽广。后来又有制琴家在机械装置里加进了卡子,称为维也纳式钢琴,这种琴弹起来更轻更浅,很适合弹奏贝多芬以前的音乐。

贝多芬维也纳住所内的钢琴

进入十九世纪,塞巴斯坦艾尔德(Sebastien Erard 1752-1831)做了复杂的机械与双卡装置及金属支柱的完美发明,使琴弦能经得起音的增强及亮度所需的压力,同时亦可弹奏极轻柔的声音,更进一大步的发明是1825年阿尔菲斯巴科克(Alpheus Babcoc)所发明的铁铸构造和十字琴弦,它的设计是在低音琴弦穿过,其中的高音琴弦与中音琴弦在共鸣板上成扇形的分隔,这种形式也被延用到1855年纽约的史坦威(Steinway)和其子(Sons)所呈现的现代大钢琴式样。

钢琴的复杂性由於钢琴的柔软毡槌不像翼琴的铜块,因上升撞弦而发出声响,也不像大键琴用拨子拨弦而发出声音,它是一定要被弹下去,且立即反弹回来,为了避免琴弦振动所发出的声音被减弱,因琴槌是用弹的,不是往上提的,所以琴槌与琴键间要有一个控制琴槌的机制,当击弦之后立离开,而要避免再弹回,这时卡子就起作用了,它会在琴槌打到琴弦之前,把升起琴槌的槓桿移动,才不至於造成弹回而再次击弦。

除了琴槌的装置外,还有两个或三个的踏瓣,通常右边是持续音踏瓣,当一个琴键被弹下去时,只要压下踏瓣,可再弹不同的音,奏出的音持续圆滑而产生丰富的音响效果。左边则是弱音踏瓣,踩下时整个键盘和机械移到右边,而音量减弱。如装有三个踏瓣的中间就是制音踏瓣,制音毡控制所有的音,而不受手指控制。所有的弦都会振动共鸣,音色特别。

时下所见,现代钢琴有直立型与平台型,直立型的钢琴像高高的长方形盒子,也有像书桌式的,而演奏型的平台钢琴,有长达11呎的大钢琴到5呎的小演奏型琴,大大小小琳瑯满目。另有各式各样的百年古董钢琴,在漫长的岁月中,展现著各自特有的风采,诉说著无尽的生命历程。

Release Date 2009
Duration 02:33:07
Genre Classical
Styles Keyboard


Among the hundreds of collections of classical piano favorites on the market, this two-disc set from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation stands out in a couple of ways. First is the nature of the repertory, shaped by the collection's Australian origins. There are several works by Australian composers (the Russian Rag of Russo-Australian composer Elena Kats-Chernin is a standout piece of border-crossing), plus works that have for one reason or another fallen off of Western concert programs; Christian Sinding's Frühlingsrauschen (Rustle of Spring), for example, was blacklisted after the senile composer was talked into joining the Norwegian Nazi party. More important is the inclusion of works by crossover composers who have become very popular but somehow rarely show up on collections of this kind. Composers who have come out of the minimalist tradition, such as Arvo Pärt or Michael Nyman, fit comfortably next ot the Chopin, Liszt, Brahms, and Ravel works that dominate this and other piano collections, and for many listeners they'll provide ideal entry points to the larger repertory of classical music for the piano. Even farther afield are an excerpt from Keith Jarrett's Köln Concert and an arrangement of "Danny Boy," but these too have the same virtues. The performances, by a variety of Australian pianists, are shaped into a coherent whole by the mastering engineers. A negative is the total absence of commentary in the booklet, which includes only a tracklist and some unhelpful quotations about the piano. Especially for listeners within the Australian cultural orbit, however, this is a reasonable pick among recordings of this type.

引用
Description

Most of us at one time or another have been compelled to undertake piano lessons, with varying degrees of success and enjoyment! This double CD of popular classics will bring back all the memories to delight and entrance listeners. In amongst the more traditional classical “hits” such as Beethoven’s Fur Elise, Debussy’s Clair de Lune and Satie’s Gymnopedie No. 1, you will encounter such gems as Jessica’s Theme from The Man From Snowy River, Gershwin’s I Got Rhythm and Scott Joplin’s The Entertainer.

There is something for everyone on this 2CD extravaganza of more than two and a half hours of popular classics.


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专辑曲目

CD 1:

01. BACH Prelude in C major
02. MOZART Minuet in G major
03. BEETHOVEN Bagatelle in A minor, ‘Für Elise’
04. SCHUMANN Träumerei from Kinderszenen
05. CHOPIN ‘Military’ Polonaise
06. LISZT Liebestraum in A-flat major
07. BEETHOVEN Adagio sostenuto from ‘Moonlight’ Sonata
08. CHOPIN ‘Raindrop’ Prelude
09. SCULTHORPE Left Bank Waltz
10. SATIE Gymnopédie No. 1
11. GRIEG Wedding Day at Troldhaugen
12. RACHMANINOV Prelude No. 1 in C-sharp minor
13. DEBUSSY Clair de lune
14. NYMAN The Heart Asks Pleasure First
15. KATS-CHERNIN Russian Rag
16. GERSHWIN I Got Rhythm
17. MOZART Allegro from Piano Sonata in C major, K545
18. BEETHOVEN Adagio cantabile from Piano ‘Pathétique’ Sonata
19. CHOPIN Prelude in G major, Op. 28 No. 3
20. BRAHMS Intermezzo in A major, Op. 118 No. 2

CD 2:

01. ROWLAND Jessica’s Theme from The Man from Snowy River
02. BACH Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring
03. HAYDN Allegro from Sonata No. 60 in C major
04. MOZART Rondo alla turca from Piano Sonata No. 11
05. BRAHMS Lullaby
06. RAVEL Pavane pour une infant défunte
07. BLAKE Walking in the Air from Lifecycle
08. JARRETT Part IIc from The Köln Concert
09. JOPLIN The Entertainer
10. DEBUSSY L’Isle joyeuse
11. PÄRT Für Alina
12. MUSSORGSKY Promenade from Pictures from an Exhibition
13. SINDING Rustle of Spring
14. TRADITIONAL Irish Tune from County Derry, ‘Danny Boy’
15. DEBUSSY The Girl with the Flaxen Hair
16. CHOPIN Prelude in E minor, Op. 28 No. 4
17. SCHUBERT Impromptu in G-flat major
18. MENDELSSOHN Song without Words, Op. 19 No. 4
19. LISZT Consolation No. 1
20. CHOPIN Barcarolle

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