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《DK 哲学书》(The Philosophy Book)文字插图版[PDF]

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  • 摘要:
    出版社DK
    发行时间2011年2月1日
    语言英文
  • 时间: 2013/01/15 23:03:32 发布 | 2013/01/16 00:25:59 更新
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中文名DK 哲学书
原名The Philosophy Book
作者DK Publishing
资源格式PDF
版本文字插图版
出版社DK
书号1405353295
发行时间2011年2月1日
地区美国
语言英文
简介

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内容介绍:

DK的哲学书,对哲学感兴趣的朋友不要错过~

This is an innovative and accessible guide to more than 2,000 years of thought. To the complete novice learning about philosophy can be daunting - "The Philosophy Book" changes all that. With the use of powerful and easy-to-follow images, succinct quotations, and explanations that are easily understandable, this book cuts through any misunderstandings to demystify the subject. Each chapter is organised chronologically, and covers not only the big ideas, but the philosophers who first voiced them, as well as cross-referencing with earlier and later ideas and thinkers. "The Philosophy Book" untangles knotty theories and sheds light on abstract concepts, and is perfect for anyone with a general interest in how our social, political, and ethical ideas are formed, as well as students of philosophy and politics. It covers major and niche topics, from moral ethics to philosophies of religion.

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目录

CONTENTS

10 INTRODUCTION
THE ANCIENT
WORLD
700 BCE–250 CE
22 Everything is made
of water
Thales of Miletus
24 The Dao that can be told
is not the eternal Dao
Laozi
26 Number is the ruler
of forms and ideas
Pythagoras
30 Happy is he who has
overcome his ego
Siddhartha Gautama
34 Hold faithfulness and
sincerity as first principles
Confucius
40 Everything is flux
Heraclitus
41 All is one Parmenides
42 Man is the measure of
all things Protagoras
44 When one throws to me
a peach, I return to him
a plum Mozi
45 Nothing exists except
atoms and empty space
Democritus and Leucippus
THE MEDIEVAL
WORLD
250–1500
72 God is not the parent
of evils
St. Augustine of Hippo
74 God foresees our free
thoughts and actions
Boethius
76 The soul is distinct
from the body Avicenna
80 Just by thinking about God
we can know he exists
St. Anselm
82 Philosophy and religion
are not incompatible
Averroes
84 God has no attributes
Moses Maimonides
86 Don’t grieve. Anything
you lose comes round in
another form
Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi
88 The universe has not
always existed
Thomas Aquinas
96 God is the not-other
Nikolaus von Kues
97 To know nothing is
the happiest life
Desiderius Erasmus
46 The life which is
unexamined is not
worth living
Socrates
50 Earthly knowledge is
but shadow Plato
56 Truth resides in the world
around us Aristotle
64 Death is nothing to us
Epicurus
66 He has the most who is
most content with the least
Diogenes of Sinope
67 The goal of life is living
in agreement with nature
Zeno of Citium
RENAISSANCE
AND THE AGE
OF REASON
1500–1750
102 The end justifies the means
Niccolò Machiavelli
108 Fame and tranquillity
can never be bedfellows
Michel de Montaigne
110 Knowledge is power
Francis Bacon
112 Man is a machine
Thomas Hobbes
116 I think therefore I am
René Descartes
124 Imagination decides
everything Blaise Pascal
126 God is the cause of all
things, which are in him
Benedictus Spinoza
130 No man’s knowledge
here can go beyond his
experience John Locke
134 There are two kinds of
truths: truths of reasoning
and truths of fact
Gottfried Leibniz
138 To be is to be perceived
George Berkeley
THE AGE OF
REVOLUTION
1750–1900
146 Doubt is not a pleasant
condition, but certainty
is absurd Voltaire
148 Custom is the great guide
of human life David Hume
154 Man was born free yet
everywhere he is in chains
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
160 Man is an animal that
makes bargains
Adam Smith
164 There are two worlds:
our bodies and the
external world
Immanuel Kant
172 Society is indeed a contract
Edmund Burke
174 The greatest happiness
for the greatest number
Jeremy Bentham
175 Mind has no gender
Mary Wollstonecraft
176 What sort of philosophy
one chooses depends on
what sort of person one is
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
177 About no subject is there
less philosophizing than
about philosophy
Friedrich Schlegel
178 Reality is a historical
process Georg Hegel
186 Every man takes the limits
of his own field of vision
for the limits of the world
Arthur Schopenhauer
189 Theology is anthropology
Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach
190 Over his own body and
mind, the individual
is sovereign
John Stuart Mill
194 Anxiety is the dizziness
of freedom
Søren Kierkegaard
196 The history of all hitherto
existing society is the
history of class struggles
Karl Marx
204 Must the citizen ever
resign his conscience
to the legislator?
Henry David Thoreau
205 Consider what effects
things have
Charles Sanders Peirce
206 Act as if what you do
makes a difference
William James
THE MODERN
WORLD
1900–1950
214 Man is something to
be surpassed
Friedrich Nietzsche
222 Men with self-confidence
come and see and conquer
Ahad Ha’am
223 Every message is made
of signs
Ferdinand de Saussure
224 Experience by itself is
not science Edmund Husserl
226 Intuition goes in the very
direction of life
Henri Bergson
228 We only think when we are
confronted with problems
John Dewey
232 Those who cannot
remember the past are
condemned to repeat it
George Santayana
233 It is only suffering that
makes us persons
Miguel de Unamuno
234 Believe in life
William du Bois
236 The road to happiness lies
in an organized diminution
of work Bertrand Russell
240 Love is a bridge from
poorer to richer knowledge
Max Scheler
241 Only as an individual can
man become a philosopher
Karl Jaspers
242 Life is a series of collisions
with the future
José Ortega y Gasset
244 To philosophize, first one
must confess
Hajime Tanabe
246 The limits of my language
are the limits of my world
Ludwig Wittgenstein
252 We are ourselves the
entities to be analyzed
Martin Heidegger
256 The individual’s only true
moral choice is through
self-sacrifice for the
community
Tetsuro Watsuji
257 Logic is the last scientific
ingredient of philosophy
Rudolf Carnap
258 The only way of knowing
a person is to love them
without hope
Walter Benjamin
259 That which is cannot
be true Herbert Marcuse
260 History does not belong
to us but we belong to it
Hans-Georg Gadamer
262 In so far as a scientific
statement speaks about
reality, it must be
falsifiable Karl Popper
266 Intelligence is a moral
category Theodor Adorno
268 Existence precedes
essence
Jean-Paul Sartre
272 The banality of evil
Hannah Arendt
273 Reason lives in language
Emmanuel Levinas
274 In order to see the world
we must break with our
familiar acceptance of it
Maurice Merleau-Ponty
276 Man is defined as
a human being and
woman as a female
Simone de Beauvoir
278 Language is a social art
Willard Van Orman Quine
280 The fundamental sense of
freedom is freedom from
chains Isaiah Berlin
282 Think like a mountain
Arne Naess
284 Life will be lived all the
better if it has no meaning
Albert Camus
CONTEMPORARY
PHILOSOPHY
1950–PRESENT
290 Language is a skin
Roland Barthes
292 How would we manage
without a culture?
Mary Midgley
293 Normal science does not
aim at novelties of fact
or theory Thomas Kuhn
294 The principles of justice
are chosen behind a veil
of ignorance
John Rawls
296 Art is a form of life
Richard Wollheim
297 Anything goes
Paul Feyerabend
298 Knowledge is produced
to be sold
Jean-François Lyotard
300 For the black man, there
is only one destiny and it
is white Frantz Fanon
302 Man is an invention of
recent date
Michel Foucault
304 If we choose, we can live
in a world of comforting
illusion Noam Chomsky
306 Society is dependent upon
a criticism of its own
traditions Jürgen Habermas
308 There is nothing outside
of the text
Jacques Derrida
314 There is nothing deep
down inside us except
what we have put there
ourselves Richard Rorty
320 Every desire has a relation
to madness Luce Irigaray
321 Every empire tells itself
and the world that it is
unlike all other empires
Edward Said
322 Thought has always
worked by opposition
Hélène Cixous
323 Who plays God in presentday
feminism?
Julia Kristeva
324 Philosophy is not only
a written enterprise
Henry Odera Oruka
325 In suffering, the animals
are our equals
Peter Singer
326 All the best Marxist
analyses are always
analyses of a failure
Slavoj Žižek
330 DIRECTORY
340 GLOSSARY
344 INDEX
351 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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