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The Dave Brubeck Quartet -《Time Out》(到此为止)[SACD-r]

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  • 摘要:
    音乐风格爵士
    发行时间2000年
    地区日本
    语言英语
  • 时间: 2012/12/13 13:16:53 发布 | 2012/12/14 07:39:22 更新
  • 分类: 音乐  欧美音乐 

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专辑英文名Time Out
专辑中文名到此为止
音乐风格爵士
版本[SACD-r]
发行时间2000年
地区日本
语言英语
简介

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专辑介绍:

In memory of Dave Brubeck (December 6, 1920 – December 5, 2012)

Dave Brubeck 戴夫.布鲁贝克是爵士史上不朽的传记明星,他为酷派钢琴竖立了典范,更为爵士乐与古典音乐间架设了完美的沟通桥樑。

今年八十多岁的美国白人爵士钢琴大师戴夫·布鲁贝克曾是个二战老兵,於1944年被派往欧洲反法西斯战场,一直打到柏林。那个年代的战争风云和人生遭际无疑给戴夫留下了难以磨灭的记忆。

在布鲁贝克不朽的音乐生命当中曾经有过无数难忘的片刻,而他选择用琴键去纪录这每分每秒。在这张令人动容的钢琴独奏专辑里,布鲁贝克想起了他自己在二次大战时的从军回忆,指间缓缓的流泄出四零年代留声机里常听到的声音。

专辑里面每一首乐曲都是非常好听的,而且戴夫.布鲁贝克的大师殿堂级的演绎,更加让美妙的爵士钢琴曲更添魅力!
《Take Five》是一支为爵士乐做出划时代贡献的乐曲,也是爵士历史上最有名的乐曲之一。是否觉得Take Five这两个单词看上去似乎眼熟了?因为现在全世界以Take Five命名的咖啡厅、酒吧、店舖或是乐团太多了,所以才会使人有这种感觉。

上世纪五十年代末,Dave Brubeck Quartet组合中的灵魂人物中音萨克斯手Paul Desmond写了这一首名叫Take Five的四重奏乐曲,最开始时这首爵士乐以单曲的形式发行,由於採用了极为罕见的5/4拍,这在当时的爵士音乐界引起了强烈震动,并受到广泛批评,但在符合大眾口味的金曲排行榜上却可以和彼时如日中天的猫王的歌曲抗衡。   

以后的时间证明了,这种复杂节奏改变了当时人们陈旧、萎靡和一成不变的听力习惯,同时在探索爵士节奏的可能性上作出了深远影响。
21世纪福克斯公司也曾经将此曲用做电影题头。
  
由於Paul Desmond在爵士历史上的地位与名气都远远不如Dave Brubeck,《Take Five》的曲作者经常被误以为是Dave Brubeck。而实际上由Dave Brubeck、Paul Desmond、Joe Morello、Eugene Wright组成的四重奏组合在1959年发行的专辑《Time Out》里,Dave Brubeck的确是除《Take Five》之外的所有乐曲的作者,这张专辑中八分之九拍、四分之五拍、四分之六拍等诸多非常规爵士乐节拍也有出现,但《Take Five》在爵士乐史上石破天惊的意义显然非专辑中其他乐曲可以比拟,在后来发行的绝大多数关於Dave Brubeck Quartet的精选专辑中,几乎100%都会收录。

Dave Brubeck – piano
Paul Desmond – alto saxophone
Eugene Wright – bass
Joe Morello – drums

Recorded - June 25, 1959 (4-6); July 1, 1959 (2,3); August 18, 1959 (1,7)
at Columbia 30th Street Studio, New York.

SACD Producer: Moto Uehara (SME Records, Japan).
Re-Mastering Engineer: Stephan (SME Records, NY).

Dave Brubeck's defining masterpiece, Time Out is one of the most rhythmically innovative albums in jazz history, the first to consciously explore time signatures outside of the standard 4/4 beat or 3/4 waltz time. It was a risky move -- Brubeck's record company wasn't keen on releasing such an arty project, and many critics initially roasted him for tampering with jazz's rhythmic foundation. But for once, public taste was more advanced than that of the critics. Buoyed by a hit single in altoist Paul Desmond's ubiquitous "Take Five," Time Out became an unexpectedly huge success, and still ranks as one of the most popular jazz albums ever. That's a testament to Brubeck and Desmond's abilities as composers, because Time Out is full of challenges both subtle and overt -- it's just that they're not jarring. Brubeck's classic "Blue Rondo à la Turk" blends jazz with classical form and Turkish folk rhythms, while "Take Five," despite its overexposure, really is a masterpiece; listen to how well Desmond's solo phrasing fits the 5/4 meter, and how much Joe Morello's drum solo bends time without getting lost. The other selections are richly melodic as well, and even when the meters are even, the group sets up shifting polyrhythmic counterpoints that nod to African and Eastern musics. Some have come to disdain Time Out as its become increasingly synonymous with upscale coffeehouse ambience, but as someone once said of Shakespeare, it's really very good in spite of the people who like it. It doesn't just sound sophisticated -- it really is sophisticated music, which lends itself to cerebral appreciation, yet never stops swinging. Countless other musicians built on its pioneering experiments, yet it's amazingly accessible for all its advanced thinking, a rare feat in any art form. This belongs in even the most rudimentary jazz collection.

引用
对於Jazz Music ﹐笔者最初接触时﹐是有点望而生畏的﹐为何呢﹖家里从小从未接触过这类音乐﹐Classical 还算是从哥哥的管道来听听﹐可是爵士音乐呢﹐还得由自己亲自来接触的吧。
最初听的Jazz Music﹐大概还只是 Doris Day 或 Nat King Cole 早期的歌曲﹐之后便是 Columbia 时代的Billie Holiday﹐然后便是 Verve 厂牌的音乐。不过喜欢这类音乐﹐大概也因为喜欢 Oldies吧﹐要是没说得那么艰深﹐其实那算是那个年代的Pop而已。不久﹐笔者就越听越远﹐回到30/40年代的 Glen Miller ﹑Benny Goodman﹑Louis Armstrong 等78转唱片录音了。

不过在心中有一种较为近代的 Jazz﹐就像 Mile Davis 一类﹐就觉得不是我的杯中茶了﹐总觉这种音乐很随意﹐乐曲要多长有多长﹐没完没了﹐若不 Enjoy 的话﹐其实很闷。记得有一年好友邀请一同看了一场Al Di Meola 音乐会﹐第一首是蛮有惊喜的﹐但之后整场都是结他快手“评评澎澎”﹐就不是味儿了﹐原来这些是 Fusion﹐之后就对这种天马行空的音乐敬而远之了。

数年前因为一次长途出差机会﹐在美国的几个月里较深入接触到两种较为不一样的音乐﹐那就是 Country 及 Jazz﹐因为一个 Ken Burn Jazz 纪录片节目﹐除了书藉之外﹐唱片公司也配合推出 Boxset﹑各爵士乐手/歌手的跨公司录音精选。当时真是恨不得把整套都带回家﹐不过后来拥有的还是保险些﹐来来去去就是 Ella Fitzgerald﹑Billie Holiday 之类﹐顶多还有一张 Mile Davis 而已。当时有一张 Dave Brubeck 的精选是犹豫了许多﹐却又没有买的﹐因为明知会较近代﹐会合自己口味的机会蛮小呢。然而这种好奇心还是存在心里好几年﹐等待发酵。之后有一套 Essentail Dave Brubeck﹐本来算是一套入门号﹐可惜不是美版﹐於是跟他的音乐又是缘慳一面了﹐直到找到这张 Time Out 专辑。

这个名为 Dave Brubeck Quartet 的组合﹐包括了钢琴手Dave Brubeck﹑Alto Sax 的 Paul Desmond﹑鼓手 Joe Morrello 及贝斯手Gene Wright。翻查一下资料﹐原来这张专辑当年算是试验性的爵士专辑﹐一出版却没有换来好评﹐然而路遥知马力﹐最终还是成为了一张Jazz Music知名的 Best Seller。

这张专辑全数为全部创作﹐也以不寻常节拍而驰名﹐据 Dave Brucker 回忆说﹐早期他们四人到处表演﹐在1958年时﹐他们的足迹远及中东及印度﹐而且他们不时跟当地的乐手合作﹐因为Folk Music 没有4/4的规限﹐於是 Joe Morrello 就以印度鼓回应他们的 Tabla (一种印度古典音乐常用的敲击乐器) 节奏﹐这也使 Dave 回想起在Istanbul 街头听到的9/8节拍﹐就在这个情况下﹐Blue Rondo A La Turk 就诞生了。至於 Hot Five由 Paul Desmond所写﹐原来是为 Joe Morrello 的 Drum Solo 而设的创作﹐没来到专辑发行一年之后﹐由Columbia 的总裁点名﹐要把它作单曲发行﹐最终更成为专辑中的 Hit Single﹐登上Billboard Adult Contemporary 榜第5位。

对於这张 Time Out ﹐笔者实在缺乏深厚的音乐知识去剖释它﹐不过直觉上就是觉得很好听。有一次旅游﹐MP3机就载有这专辑﹐本来在旅游中﹐心情已是很 Relax﹐有一晚吃过晚饭后﹐播唱著这专辑的音乐﹐配合那经过日间繁忙带来的宁静﹐虽然有点炎热﹐不过点根烟﹑看看夜空﹐听听 Time Out﹐那感觉就是非常棒~

近年 Dave Brucket 宝刀未老﹐在最新的马友友专辑“Songs of Joy & Peace”(2008/Sony) 中﹐也跨刀合作呢。

About this album
Time Out is a 1959 album by The Dave Brubeck Quartet, based upon the use of time signatures that were unusual for jazz (mainly waltz or double-waltz time, but also 9/8, and most famously 5/4).

Although the album was intended as an experiment (Columbia president Goddard Lieberson was willing to chance releasing it) and received negative reviews by critics upon its release, it became one of the best-known and biggest-selling jazz albums, reaching number two in the U.S. Billboard “Pop Albums” chart, and produced one single — Paul Desmond’s “Take Five” — that reached number five in the Billboard “Adult Contemporary” chart.

In 2005, it was one of 50 recordings chosen that year by the Library of Congress to be added to the National Recording Registry.


IPB Image
David Warren "Dave" Brubeck (December 6, 1920 – December 5, 2012) was an American jazz pianist and composer, considered to be one of the foremost exponents of progressive jazz. He wrote a number of jazz standards, including "In Your Own Sweet Way" and "The Duke". Brubeck's style ranged from refined to bombastic, reflecting his mother's attempts at classical training and his improvisational skills. His music is known for employing unusual time signatures, and superimposing contrasting rhythms, meters, and tonalities.



专辑曲目

01. Blue Rondo A La Turk
02. Strange Meadow Lark
03. Take Five
04. Three To Get Ready
05. Kathy's Waltz
06. Everybody's Jumpin'
07. Pick Up Sticks

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