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London Symphony Orchestra -《埃尔加:谜语变奏曲》(Enigma Variations, Introduction & Allegro)Sir Colin Davis[B&W][24bit/48KHz][FLAC]

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  • 摘要:
    古典类型室内乐
    发行时间2010年
  • 时间: 2011/12/05 15:44:25 发布 | 2011/12/05 15:44:54 更新
  • 分类: 音乐  古典音乐 

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专辑英文名Enigma Variations, Introduction & Allegro
专辑中文名埃尔加:谜语变奏曲
古典类型室内乐
资源格式FLAC
版本Sir Colin Davis[B&W][24bit/48KHz]
发行时间2010年
地区英国
简介

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专辑名:Enigma Variations, Introduction & Allegro
作曲家:Sir Edward Elgar
指挥:Sir Colin Davis
演奏乐团:London Symphony Orchestra
发行版本:B&W / LSO (N/A)
专辑类型:Classical,
比特采样:24bit/48KHz

专辑介绍:

埃尔加《谜语变奏曲》(Op.36)的创作缘由并不是受人之托,而是为了练习变奏曲的写作;在创作过程中,埃尔加收获丰硕,不只使自己晋升为成熟的作曲家,名声也随之而来——尽管他向来不在意名声。汉斯·李希特于1899年6月19日在伦敦指挥《谜语变奏曲》的首演,为当时这首全新的作品做了完美的历史见证。

G小调的忧郁主题是此曲的基础,也是标题中之“谜”。埃尔加原本不肯透露谜底,不过数年后他对朋友提到:这个主题“在(1898年)我作曲的时候,表达的是艺术家的孤独感……对我而言,它现在仍然代表同样的意义。”十四首变奏曲描写的都是作曲家熟悉的人物(多半是他音乐界的朋友),以姓名缩写、密码、甚至是秘密符号代替。长久以来,这些朋友的名字一直是个谜团,不过后来埃尔加终于在此曲的自动钢琴伴奏谱的附注上,让谜底完全揭晓。

熟练的管弦乐法在这首《谜语变奏曲》中处处可见:第十一首变奏曲《G.R.S》开头部分最是精彩,曲中主角并不是辛克莱尔(George Robertson Sinclair)本人,而是他名叫丹恩(Dan)的牛头犬。在前五个小节中,丹恩先是掉入了怀伊(Wye)河(弦乐),游上岸来(低音大提琴及巴松管),爬到最高处(整个乐团),发出胜利的吠鸣(法国号、低音弦乐及木管)。这些变奏曲中有三首特别重要:第一首《C.A.E》描绘的是埃尔加的妻子爱丽丝(Alice),是主题的延伸。第九首《猎人》(Nimrod)是对诺维洛音乐出版公司(Novello and Co.)的纪格(August Jaeger)先生致敬,情感丰富,根据作曲家描述——此曲是一次夏夜长谈的记录,交流的主题是贝多芬的慢板乐章。最后一首则是《E.D.U》活泼有力的埃尔加自画像,融和了《C.A.E》和《猎人》的旋律,以全然的胜利气氛结束全曲。

《谜语变奏曲》是音乐史上最优秀的独立变奏曲之一,作曲技巧可与勃拉姆斯的《海顿主题变奏曲》和理施特劳斯的《唐吉珂德》(Don Quixote)媲美,但表达的情感经验却更为丰富,因为在描绘他好友最鲜明的特质——无论是忧郁、温柔、喧闹或者是害羞的时候,埃尔加其实是在描写他自己。

It is curious that Sir Edward Elgar, the composer whose music is the beating heart of Establishment England, should have considered himself something of an outsider both musically and socially. His musical influences were mainly German and Schumann was the composer he most admired. Earning a living was a struggle and success and financial security were limited.

It was the huge success of the ‘Enigma Variations’ and ‘Nimrod’ in particular that turned Elgar’s professional and personal life around.

The story is that after a hard day’s teaching Elgar was relaxing by improvising at the piano and the tune he was playing caught the attention of his wife. To please her he began to improvise variations on the tune, each of which was either a musical portrait of one of their friends or else in a musical style they might have used.

The Enigma of the ‘Variations’ is not the identity of the friends. It is well known who each of the fourteen variations is dedicated to.

The Enigma lies in the hidden theme, which is central to the work but is never played.

This Enigma has fascinated musicians and musicologists since the composition of the Variations at the turn of the 19th century. Learned tomes have been dedicated to solving the riddle. Perhaps the best solution is that Elgar, who had an impish sense of humour despite his rather morose outlook on life, was ‘having a laugh’.

The LSO has a long history with the ‘Introduction and Allegro’ as the newly formed orchestra commissioned the piece for an all Elgar concert in 1905. It was written as a celebration of the orchestra’s virtuosity. If you listen to this performance you will see exactly why.

引用
****************************
Studio Files Received in FLAC Format 24bit / 48KHz (Studio Master)

>>>> Merged to single FLAC file

>>>> Cue Sheet Created in Foobar2000

Artwork files as received from Studio
*****************************

Format: EAC, FLAC, CUE, LOG, Covers in PDF 24bit/48KHz
Original Release by Leffe.


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专辑曲目

1.Variations on an Original Theme, Op. 36, "Enigma": Theme - Andante
2.Enigma Variations: Variation I. C.A.E - L'istesso tempo
3.Enigma Variations: Variation II. H.D.S-P - Allegro
4.Enigma Variations: Variation III. R.B.T - Allegretto
5.Enigma Variations: Variation IV. W.M.B - Allegro di molto
6.Enigma Variations: Variation V. R.P.A - Moderato
7.Enigma Variations: Variation VI. Ysobel - Andantino
8.Enigma Variations: Variation VII. Troyte - Presto
9.Enigma Variations: Variation VIII. W.N - Allegretto
10.Enigma Variations: Variation IX. Nimrod - Adagio
11.Enigma Variations: Variation X. Intermezzo - Dorabella - Allegretto
12.Enigma Variations: Variation XI. G.R.S - Allegreo di molto
13.Enigma Variations: Variation XII. B.G.N - Andante
14.Enigma Variations: Variation XIII. Romanza (***) - Moderato
15.Enigma Variations: Variation XIV. E.D.U - Allegro
16.Introduction and Allegro for Strings

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