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Ornette Coleman Trio -《At The Golden Circle Volume One》[APE]

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  • 摘要:
    音乐风格爵士
    发行时间2002年
    地区美国
    语言英语
  • 时间: 2011/11/30 20:53:00 发布 | 2012/01/10 12:26:20 更新
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专辑英文名At The Golden Circle Volume One
音乐风格爵士
资源格式APE
发行时间2002年
地区美国
语言英语
简介

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专辑介绍:

Ornette Coleman Trio于瑞典斯德哥尔摩,金圆俱乐部的现场,这张专辑被记录在Coleman的职业生涯中最令人振奋的时期之一中。

1959-1961 年Ornette Coleman自组四重奏乐团 (小号手 Don Cherry, double 贝斯手 Charlie Haden,贝斯手是 Scott LaFaro 或 Jimmy Garrison,鼓手是 Billy Higgins 或 Ed Blackwell),并发行数张专辑后崭露头角,拥有死忠的追随者与贬低他的听众, Coleman 与乐团里的小号乐手 Don Cherry 一起录制了 12 张专辑,培养出绝佳的默契,他们的即兴演奏充满和谐感,取代了 free jazz 的无调性质.

Ornette Coleman 来自美国德州,他是 avant-garde 领域中重要的革新者之一,同时也是备受争议的爵士乐手,出生于贫苦家庭,在德州长大,父亲在他 7 岁时便辞世,帮人缝衣赚钱维生的母亲辛苦地买了生平第一支萨克斯风给 Coleman,那年他 14 岁.Ornette Coleman 的吹奏几乎影响所有即兴演奏的前卫萨克斯风乐手,包括 John Coltrane, Eric Dolphy 与 Sonny Rolllins 等,他们从 Coleman 的音乐中获得省思, Sonny Rollins 甚至在看过他的表演后自叹弗如而宣布退出爵士乐坛 2 年。

From the start of the first piece, "Faces and Places," it is clear that this is an extraordinary CD. The sheer creativity of Ornette Coleman's improvising here would be miraculous at any time in jazz history; moreover, even by his own high standards, he made some of the finest music of his recording career at the Golden Circle. This album was recorded in the midst of one of the most stimulating periods in Coleman's career. At the beginning of 1965 he ended a two-year period of rest and recovery from the jazz wars by playing at New York's Village Vanguard nightclub for most of January. In the spring he composed and played a soundtrack for the Conrad Rooks film Chappaqua; his creation, however, was not used in the movie - too beautiful, the producer allegedly said, it would have distracted viewers' attention. And in August Coleman set out upon a European tour, his first ever, as well as the first extensive opportunity for his loyal longtime trio to perform publicly. The tour began with his famous self-produced concert, for which he composed all new music, in the London suburb of Croydon. It continued with appearances at continental festivals and clubs; in Paris, the trio created the soundtrack for the Living Theater's film Who's Crazy, for which Coleman composed more new music and also returned to some of his older songs. At the end of November, then, they came to Stockholm, Sweden for a two-week engagement at the city's leading jazz club, the Golden Circle (Gyllene Cirkeln). Their nightly performances consisted mostly of even more new songs composed by Coleman, and this time Blue Note Records captured the trio at its creative peak.

There is an unusual air of elation, optimism, about this music. It came six years after he made his New York debut and the eruption of the great Coleman controversy; now, instead of angry arguments and frequent accusations, virtually unanimous praise lullowed his every move. Better yet, the audiences were enthusiastic about what was in several ways the most radical group he'd yet led. Earlier bassists and drummers had often introduced rhythmic contradictions into Coleman's performances, but never went as far as Golden Circle partners David Izenzon and Charles Moffett. With brilliant technique and sound - Moffett's snares and cymbals resound with overtones - the drummer was an eclectic who sometimes drastically changed his accompaniment style in mid-performance. And innovative virtuoso Izenzon, a devotee of pure bass sound, liked to play arco as well as pizzicato, bowing contrapuntal lines in microtones. Close listening and responding, the fundamental elements of Coleman's harmolodics, unites this music; Izenzon, especially, exemplifies this. Hear for example the marvelous way the three juggle three- and four-beat meters in the alternate take of "European Echoes," which at least begins as an oom-pah-pah waltz; hear, too, the bassist's changes of accompaniment and counterpoint in the ballad "Dawn." And yet the trio took more obvious liberties with rhythms on previous recordings from this tour. At the Croydon concert and in Who's Crazy, some performances include occasional changes of tempo and direction. In several places during the alternate take of "Faces And Places" Izenzon and Moffett freely introduce rhythmic contradictions behind the alto solos. The difference this time is that Coleman's mood is now so creative and exalted and sustained that he rejects his accompanists' musical proposals. Here he weaves lines with phrases from the theme, there he spins fantastic developments from new motives, and then he plays hard-driving rhythmic figures that knock you off your feet. Along with his melodic creativity, the many potent, strictly rhythmic figures in his solos make the original take of "Faces And Places" an exciting, kicking, whooping experience. These neo-riffs sound like deliberate choices. His style seemed to be changing with this trio, becoming more self-conscious as he stretched out in long solos, and some deliberate elements ol his later style - like rising whole-step modulations (for Coleman's free tonality wasn't exactly atonal); dramatically accented, wide upward leaps; and the sequencing of phrases that in time became almost a reflex - also were frequent now. A good example of these stylistic aspects is "Dawn," unique in that the theme and alto solo seem to quite deliberately avoid the resolutions of conventional ballads. Coleman sustains a serene mood almost to the end, when a fast tempo brings bright phrases, and the surprising conclusion is a hard, held tone. High spirits dominate the other selections. Where "European Echoes" was brief, edgy, mocking in Who's Crazy, the two takes here are expansive. "Dee Dee" is another simple song, almost a nursery rhyme, with more superlative, theme-based Coleman improvising. Fast tempos brought out the best in him. These versions of "Faces And Places" (which starts out very fast) and "Dee Dee" speed as they go along, as if the trio was possessed by the joy of improvising. There's a similarly fast, similarly wonderful bonus on this CD: "Doughnuts," which was the final tune to be performed on the second day and is released here for the first time. The trio first recorded "Doughnuts" three months earlier at the Croydon concert; among the events in this newly discovered version is a section in an enormously swinging medium-up tempo. There is no similarity between this "Doughnuts" (plural) and the fine piece that these three recorded as "Doughnut" (singular) in their 1962 concert. Of course, along with all its other qualities, this is exciting music - the immediate excitement of Coleman's rhythms and harmonies has always been an aspect of his improvising. Altogether, like Charlie Parker or Louis Armstrong in their most creative periods, Coleman's Stockholm music is complex, calling for a similar depth of emotional response from the listener. Like his fellow greats, Coleman's music is also highly swinging, to move the body as well as the spirit. Blue Note recorded these performances at the end of the trio's Golden Circle engagement and had issued two LPs by the time the musicians returned from their nine-month European tour; those LPs and an ESP-Disk of the 1962 concert were the first Ornette Coleman albums to appear in years. What a pleasure to have them and the new performances on CD at last. - John Litweiler, author of Ornette Coleman: A Harmolodic Life (Da Capo Books)

Ornette Coleman's trio, now and for the next two weeks at the Gyllene Cirkeln, is one of the great cultural events in Stockholm this fall. Rarely can such strong words be used about a jazz event, but perhaps they have never been as justified. It is beyond discussion that Ornette Coleman plays a central role in the new jazz. He belongs in the same class as John Coltrane, Elvin Jones, Eric Dolphy, Cecil Taylor, Don Cherry and perhaps a few more of the great innovators, but it is he who has become the symbol of the new jazz and he has given it a striking profile.
His music is very universal, not just because he is more than a jazz musician who improvises in a new way, as compared with earlier jazz musicians, or who plays without piano accompaniment, or who plays the saxophone, trumpet and violin in an unusual manner. Ornette Coleman is important simply because he creates good music. To be able to create this-in this case good jazz music-it is necessary to play differently compared with pre- 1965 as well as 1959, when Ornette Coleman appeared on the scene. The old musical language has become "worn" or "spent." The bebop style is as impossible today as the spoken drama or tachism or the realistic novel.
But Ornette Coleman's greatness is of course due to his perceiving this, starting a new style and influencing a lot of musicians positively and thus carrying jazz forward. But for him this renewal has absolutely not been a goal or an end in itself, only a condition to enable him to express himself fully and to create good music.

If we refrain from thinking of his technical and stylistic importance and simply listen when sitting at the Gyllene Cirkeln, it may become easier for us to understand why his music is universal and why it reaches beyond jazz. Ornette Coleman succeeds in expressing a vision or delivering a message with authority and a personal punch. This is perhaps an approximation of what is meant when referring to artistic greatness.
His emotional range is fairly limited and if it were not for the variety of his music, we would certainly consider it tedious. The content of his music is mostly pure beauty, a glittering, captivating, dizzying, sensual beauty. A couple of years ago nobody thought so, and everyone considered his music grotesque, filled with anguish and chaos.
Now it is almost incomprehensible that one could have held such an opinion, as incomprehensible as the fact that one could object to Willem de Kooning's portraits of women or Samuel Beckett's absurd plays. Thus Ornette Coleman has been able to change our entire concept of what is beautiful merely through the power of his personal vision. It is most beautiful when Coleman's bass player, David Izenzon, plays string bass together with him. Then, it is almost hauntingly beautiful. To many, Izenzon will certainly be the great experience during this guest appearance and this is understandable. We know Coleman so well from numerous records even if the impression is strongly changed through hearing him personally. But Izenzon has the freshness of the newly discovered.
How come David Izenzon's name has not been mentioned more often during all these years? Suddenly at the Cirkeln we discover something we always suspected was true-namely that Scott LaFaro and all the other great virtuosi were just virtuosi. Izenzon is a real innovator.
He is largely that, just by using the "old" technique and by playing string bass. A contrabass is undoubtedly built just for this purpose and the greatest possibilities lie there.

The third man in the group stands somewhat in the shadow of the two greats. His name is Charles Moffett, who plays the drums and is probably the only one in today's jazz world who could fit into Ornette Coleman's trio.
Ornette Coleman's trio at the Gyllene Cirkeln-it should be repeated-is a great cultural event. Everybody in Sweden's music world, from pop musicians to serious composers, should hurry to the jazz club during the two weeks of this visit. Next Sunday, everything reverts back to normal for jazz in Sweden. - Ludvig Rasmusson (original liner notes)

In 1962, Ornette Coleman, who'd rocked the jazz world three years earlier, debuted his new trio with classical bassist David Izenson and drummer Charles Moffett, introducing an entirely new sound. Then abruptly he announced his retirement. When he re-emerged two years later, he reformed this unique trio and signed with Blue Note Records. On his first European tour, producer Francis Wolff met the trio in Stockholm and recorded them for two nights at the Golden Circle performing eight new compositions.
The results were issued on two LPs that put Coleman in the forefront of jazz again. Rudy Van Gelder has returned to the original tapes to remaster these gems. In the process, we've added an additional tune and two alternate takes to Volume One and three alternate takes to Volume Two, all never before released. (bluenote.com)

Produced by Francis Wolff
Recording engineer: Rune Andreasson
Recorded live at the Golden Circle (Gyllene Cirkeln) in Stockholm on December 3 & 4, 1965
Remastered in 2001 by Rudy Van Gelder
All transfers from the original analog tapes to digital were made at 24-bit resolution
Reissue produced by Michael Cuscuna
# 1-5 originally issued on Blue Note BST 84224
# 6-8 previously unreleased bonus tracks
All composition by Ornette Coleman
Cover photograph by Francis Wolff
Cover design by Reid Miles
Liner photographs by Francis Wolff © Mossaic Images

Personnel:
Ornette Coleman - alto sax
David Izenzon - bass
Charles Moffett - drums

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http://www.amazon.co.uk/At-Golden-Circle-V...0005UMTT



专辑曲目

01. Announcement [1:09]
02. Faces And Places [11:37]
03. European Echoes [7:53]
04. Dee Dee [10:38]
05. Dawn [8:07]
06. Faces And Places (Alternate Take) [8:32]
07. European Echoes (Alternate Take) [14:13]
08. Doughnuts [13:30]

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