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Various Artists -《The Complete Gershwin Songbooks》(盖西文歌曲精选集)[3 CD Set 更新完毕][FLAC]

  • 状态: 精华资源
  • 摘要:
    音乐风格爵士
    发行时间1995年10月24日
    地区美国
    语言英语
  • 时间: 2011/05/09 01:12:28 发布 | 2011/05/11 13:40:58 更新
  • 分类: 音乐  欧美音乐 

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专辑英文名The Complete Gershwin Songbooks
专辑中文名盖西文歌曲精选集
音乐风格爵士
资源格式FLAC
版本[3 CD Set 更新完毕]
发行时间1995年10月24日
地区美国
语言英语
简介

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专辑介绍:

乔治.盖西文於1898年9月26日出生在美国纽约的布鲁克林区。 他的父母亲是在1891年由俄国移民到美国的犹太人,盖西文是在他们移民美国之后的第七年出生的,家中排行老二。由於家境并不富裕,本来家里要培养大儿子,也就是艾勒.盖西文(Ira Gershwin),学习音乐,但是没想到本来只是街头顽童的乔治,在街头玩耍的时候,听到鲁宾斯坦的曲调,而对音乐发生了兴趣,但是他也只接受过一点钢琴教育,音乐的啟蒙,仍然是来自於布鲁克林区的黑人,在街头的歌唱和舞蹈。也正是这个原因,我们才会在这名白人作曲家的作品中,嗅到非常浓厚的爵士风。他的很多作品都是使用他的哥哥艾勒.盖西文(Ira Gershwin)所写的歌词。他编些百老匯音乐也编写古典音乐,他的流行音乐作品也做得相当的成功,如夏日时光(Summer Time)到现在都还是大家耳熟能详的流行歌曲。

在他15岁时,终於说服了他母亲让他休学到雷米克〈Remick〉流行出版公司上班。一开始他担任为业餘歌手伴奏或者为钢琴师示范雷米克最新出版的歌曲,同时,他一直想要推出他自己的作品,但是出版社对他并没有兴趣。到1917年他只发表过少量的作品,后来出版社决定出版一首他的歌曲,是他和韦尔˙唐纳森〈Will Donalson〉合作的钢琴曲《里亚尔托涟漪》〈Rialto Ripples〉。此后,盖西文决定到百老匯去发展,他说道:「大多数的流行音乐是下流的,而音乐喜剧则水準较高」。他藉著小型节目展现他高超的技巧并找寻他的伯乐,渐渐的他的名声传开了,哈姆斯〈Harms〉出版社的马克斯˙德雷福斯〈Max Dreyfus〉看中了他,并且与他签约。不久乔治和他哥哥合作写了一首《真正美国民间歌曲》〈The Real American Folk Song〉,该首作品於1918年首演。盖西文在1919年有了很大的发展,他的第一首真正走红的歌曲〈Swanee〉让他嚐到真正的成功,虽然一开始并不受到欢迎,但是后来却轰动了整个美国,使他一夕成名。

盖西文受到20世纪初期法国作曲家的引响很大,直到他遇上了拉威尔,盖西文问他是否能够收他为学生,教授他大师级的作曲课程。拉威尔回答他说:「当你能成为盖西文第一时,为什么要当拉威尔第二呢?」。拉威尔对盖西文的作曲才能印象深刻,他评论说:「我个人发现爵士音乐有趣的地方是它的节奏、它所掌握的旋律和旋律的本身,我曾经听过盖西文的作品,我发现他们是很有魅力的!」。盖西文的交响乐作品在管絃乐编制里面和拉威尔相当类似,比如拉威尔的两部钢琴协奏曲就明显的影响了盖西文。他也曾请求过史特- 拉汶斯基为他上课,当史特- 拉汶斯基听说盖西文赚很多钱时,便回答他说:「不如你来帮我上几堂课如何?」

盖西文欲将爵士乐与流行音乐相结合。流行音乐与音乐会相结合的企图在1924年得以实现,因为他在音乐会中演出一首爵士风格的乐曲,获得极大的成功,这首曲子就是〈Rhapsody in Blue 〉(蓝色狂想曲),这首曲子使他成为一位真正令人肃然起敬的作曲家,而不再只是一个演奏家。

1925年,盖西文演出F大调协奏曲,继续获得讚誉。虽然被批评作品充满浓厚德布西的影子,比人们所预期的爵士风格还多。但他并没有因此而中断他对法国风格的探求。An American In Paris (在巴黎的美国人)便是由典型的法国风格所发展出来的一首曲子;1928 年,盖希文在繁忙的歌曲创作工作中,偷閒去了一趟巴黎,事实上在当时,也正是法国印象乐派影响力最大的时候。盖西文对於充满流行与文化气息的巴黎,留下了深刻的感受,於是根据当时旅行的印象,谱写了这一首管弦乐作品,用乐器生动描写巴黎的车水马龙,带有极高的趣味性。

十二音列之父荀白克是盖西文的好友,也是盖西文所尊敬的前辈。1933年,荀白克为了躲避纳粹而逃往美国,盖西文像是雪中送炭的提供荀白克协助,让荀白克倍感温馨,彼此结成了好朋友。但荀白克对於盖西文的音乐,也有他自己独特的看法:「也许我没办法知道,未来的历史是否会将他的创意,和约翰史特劳斯或是德布西、奥芬巴哈或是布拉姆斯、雷哈尔或是普契尼相提并论,但他是一个真正的艺术家这是我绝对知道。」

盖西文在1937年6月间,由於遭受阵发性晕眩和头痛之苦而就医,医生并没有发现异常,但在7月9日时陷入了昏迷,第2天做了脊髓穿刺,证明了他患有脑瘤,7月11日进行手术,5小时后不幸与世长辞,享年38岁,逝世后纽约举行纪念音乐会,有两万多名景仰哀悼他的听眾参加。

盖西文很注重爵士乐在美国的价值,他说:「爵士乐-我认为是美国的乡土音乐,当然并非唯一的,但却是重要而有权威的一部份,它在美国人的血液里、感觉里,是与生俱来而且永远存在的,我相信它可以作为有价值、有永久性严谨交响曲的根源。」他运用爵士乐为本将它处理得有如古典音乐一般的完美,他是美国作曲家中最灿烂的一位。他逝世后,越来越多人喜欢他的作品,那种盖西文式清新而独特的蓝调风格和爵士乐曲风的节奏,已经是美国人生活与文化的一部份。

All Music Guide
The Complete Gershwin Songbooks collects three discs also released separately: 'S Wonderful, 'S Marvelous and 'S Paradise. The first two discs include the greatest vocalists Verve had to offer, including Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Louis Armstrong, Anita O'Day, Shirley Horn, Sarah Vaughan, Dinah Washington, Bing Crosby, Joe Williams, Fred Astaire and even Antonio Carlos Jobim. Obviously, the songs are all classics and the versions presented are quite legendary themselves. The third disc in the set includes instrumental versions of Gershwin standards (by Bill Evans, Coleman Hawkins, Stan Getz, Clifford Brown, Art Tatum, Oscar Peterson) which focus on the composer's stunning gift of melody and harmonic interplay -- just as the vocalists' versions highlight his lyrical prowess. Not all the versions are definitive, but The Complete Gershwin Songbooks includes many treats for fans of classic traditional pop. --John Bush

代码
Recorded between 1952 and 1987. Includes liner notes by James Isaacs.

THE COMPLETE GERSHWIN SONGBOOKS is a box set of three compilation records originally released between 1992 and 1995: 'S WONDERFUL: THE GERSHWIN SONGBOOK (Verve 513 928), 'S MARVELOUS: THE GERSHWIN SONGBOOK (Verve 521 568) and 'S PARADISE: THE GERSHWIN SONGBOOK (Verve 525 361). Each is available separately.

All songs composed by George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin except "I Loves You, Porgy", "There's A Boat Dat's Leavin' Soon For New York" and "Summertime" (George Gershwin/Ira Gershwin/Dubose Heyward).

Recorded between 1952 and 1992. Includes liner notes by Neil Tesser.

All songs written by George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin except "A Woman Is A Sometime Thing" (George Gershwin/Ira Gershwin/DuBose Heyward).

Recorded between 1951 and 1968. Includes liner notes by Phil Bailey.

All music composed by George Gershwin and/or Ira Gershwin except "Somebody Loves Me," (George Gershwin/B.G. DeSylva/Ballard McDonald) "My Man's Gone Now" and "I Loves You, Porgy" (George Gershwin/Ira Gershwin/DuBose Heyward).

The Complete Gershwin Songbooks collects three discs also released separately: 'S Wonderful, 'S Marvelous and 'S Paradise. The first two discs include the greatest vocalists Verve had to offer, including Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Louis Armstrong, Anita O'Day, Shirley Horn, Sarah Vaughan, Dinah Washington, Bing Crosby, Joe Williams, Fred Astaire and even Antonio Carlos Jobim. Obviously, the songs are all classics and the versions presented are quite legendary themselves. The third disc in the set includes instrumental versions of Gershwin standards (by Bill Evans, Coleman Hawkins, Stan Getz, Clifford Brown, Art Tatum, Oscar Peterson) which focus on the composer's stunning gift of melody and harmonic interplay -- just as the vocalists' versions highlight his lyrical prowess. Not all the versions are definitive, but The Complete Gershwin Songbooks includes many treats for fans of classic traditional pop. ~ John Bush

'S WONDERFUL: THE GERSHWIN SONGBOOK is also available with 'S PARADISE: THE GERSHWIN SONGBOOK (THE INSTRUMENTALS) and 'S MARVELOUS: THE GERSHWIN SONGBOOK in the 3-CD box set THE COMPLETE GERSHWIN SONGBOOKS (Verve 529 152).

'S WONDERFUL: THE GERSHWIN SONGBOOK recorded between 1952 and 1987. Includes liner notes by James Isaacs.

'S MARVELOUS: THE GERSHWIN SONGBOOK producers: Norman Granz (tracks 2, 4-5, 7-9, 14); Miriam Cutler, Ron Berinstein (track 3); Hy Weiss (track 12); Johnny Mandel (track 13); Bob Shad (track 15); Paulo Jobim, Jacques Morelenbaum (track 16).

Compilation producer: Michael Lang.

'S PARADISE: THE GERSHWIN SONGBOOK (THE INSTRUMENTALS) producers: Creed Taylor (tracks 2, 6, 8); Norman Granz (tracks 3-5, 12-13, 15); Richard E. Lyons (track 7); Helen Keane (track 9); Nat Hentoff (track 11); Bob Shad (track 14); Heindorf (track 16).



专辑曲目

Disc 1: 'S Wonderful

01. They Can't Take That Away From Me - Billie Holiday
02. Summertime - Helen Merrill
03. Let's Call The Whole Thing Off - Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong
04. Embraceable You - Sarah Vaughan
05. But Not For Me - Dinah Washington
06. They All Laughed - Bing Crosby
07. The Man I Love - Betty Carter
08. Oh, Lady Be Good - The Gordons With Dizzy Gillespie And Stuff Smith
09. There's A Boat Dat's Leavin' Soon For New York - Louis Armstrong
10. How Long Has This Been Going On? - Ella Fitzgerald
11. 'S Wonderful - Joe Williams
12. I Loves You Porgy - Nina Simone
13. I've Got A Crush On You - Bill Henderson
14. Fascinatin' Rhythm - Fred Astaire
15. Someone To Watch Over Me - Blossom Dearie
16. Our Love Is Here To Stay - Shirley Horn

Disc 2: 'S Marvelous

01. I Got Rhythm - Ernestine Anderson
02. Nice Work If You Can Get It - Billie Holiday
03. Embraceable You - Joe Williams
04. Who Cares? - Anita O'day
05. A Woman Is A Sometime Thing - Louis Armstrong
06. Love Walked In - Sarah Vaughan
07. Love Is Here To Stay - Blossom Dearie
08. Oh, Lady Be Good - Fred Astaire
09. Of Thee I Sing - Ella Fitzgerald
10. For You For Me, For Evermore - Morgana King
11. A Foggy Day - Dinah Washington
12. Someone To Watch Over Me - Arthur Prysock
13. Isn't It A Pity? - Shirley Horn
14. They Can't Take That Away From Me - Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong
15. 'S Wonderful - Sarah Vaughan
16. Fascinatin' Rhythm - Antonio Carlos Jobim

Disc 3: 'S Paradise (instrumentals)

01. Fascinatin' Rhythm - Louie Bellson
02. My Man's Gone Now - Bill Evans And Jim Hall
03. Mine - Buddy DeFranco
04. How Long Has This Been Going On? - Coleman Hawkins
05. Somebody Loves Me - Oscar Peterson
06. Prelude II - Kenny Burrell
07. They All Laughed - George Shearing
08. Nice Work If You Can Get It - Stan Getz & Bob Brookmeyer
09. I Loves You, Porgy - Bill Evans
10. Love Is Here To Stay - Jimmy Cleveland
11. The Man I Love - Toshiko Akiyoshi
12. A Foggy Day - Tal Farlow
13. Strike Up The Band - Oscar Peterson
14. Embraceable You - Clifford Brown
15. 'S Wonderful - Don Elliott
16. Someone To Watch Over Me - Art Tatum

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