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Richard Wagner -《伟大作曲家之华格纳》(Great Composers - Wagner)[更新Disc 1+2][MP3]

  • 状态: 精华资源
  • 摘要:
    发行时间1988年
  • 时间: 2010/08/05 20:07:57 发布 | 2012/12/31 00:05:55 更新
  • 分类: 音乐  古典音乐 

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专辑英文名Great Composers - Wagner
专辑中文名伟大作曲家之华格纳
艺术家Richard Wagner
资源格式MP3
版本[更新Disc 1+2]
发行时间1988年
地区美国
简介

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光碟数目:2 CD

压缩码率:OBR 128 Kbps

专辑介绍:

华格纳(Wilhelm Richard Wagner,1813年5月22日-1883年2月13日)是德国歌剧史上一位举足轻重的人物。前面承接莫札特、贝多芬的歌剧传统,后面开啟了后浪漫主义歌剧作曲潮流,理查史特劳斯紧随其后。同时,因为他在政治、宗教方面思想的复杂性,成为欧洲音乐史上最具争议的人物。

华格纳1813年出生於莱比锡,出世6个月,在警察局当职员的父亲就去世了。他母亲不久改嫁给一个演员兼剧作家。不久全家就搬到继父工作的德勒斯登。华格纳在继父关照下,受到了最初的艺术熏陶,对戏剧和音乐十分感兴趣。1827年全家迁回莱比锡。在莱比锡布商大厦剧院,他第一次听到贝多芬第九交响乐,深受感动。1831年,他进入莱比锡大学学习作曲,一年后,他创作了贝多芬风格的《C大调交响曲》。

1832年,经他哥哥介绍,到维尔茨堡任合唱指挥。同年他创作了他的第一部完整的歌剧作品《仙女》。之后,他又先后在马格德堡和柯尼斯堡的担任音乐指挥。

1836年第一次结婚,次年前往当时俄国的里加任一家歌剧院的音乐指挥。1839年因为债务,乘船逃往伦敦。1840年至1841年在巴黎度过。1842年返回德国德勒斯登,任萨克森王国宫廷乐队指挥。

1849年,华格纳在德勒斯登参加五月起义失败后被通缉,此后12年在巴黎等地流亡。在巴黎期间认识了李斯特,并娶其女儿为妻。1861年通缉令解除后,回到德国,住在威斯巴登的Biebrich镇。

他从1865年开始,得到了巴伐利亚国王路德维希二世的赞助。

1883年2月13日,在前往威尼斯避寒旅行期间,因心肌梗塞病死於的温德拉敏宫中。华格纳的儿子齐格弗里德·华格纳也是作曲家。
http://club.ent.sina.com.cn/viewthread.php...d4939154

Wilhelm Richard Wagner (pronounced /ˈvɑːɡnər/, German pronunciation: [ˈʁiçaʁt ˈvaːɡnɐ]; 22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, theatre director and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or "music dramas", as they were later called). Wagner's compositions, particularly those of his later period, are notable for their complex texture, rich harmonies and orchestration, and the elaborate use of leitmotifs: musical themes associated with individual characters, places, ideas or plot elements. Unlike most other opera composers, Wagner wrote both the music and libretto for every one of his stage works. Two extracts from his works familiar to the general public are the "Ride of the Valkyries" and the Bridal Chorus from Lohengrin, popularly known as "Here Comes the Bride".

Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works such as The Flying Dutchman and Tannhäuser which were in the romantic traditions of Weber and Meyerbeer, Wagner transformed operatic thought through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk ("total artwork"). This would achieve the synthesis of all the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, and was announced in a series of essays between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realised this concept most fully in the first half of the monumental four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen. However, his thoughts on the relative importance of music and drama were to change again and he reintroduced some traditional operatic forms into his last few stage works including Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Wagner pioneered advances in musical language, such as extreme chromaticism and quickly shifting tonal centres, which greatly influenced the development of European classical music. His Tristan und Isolde is sometimes described as marking the start of modern music. Wagner's influence spread beyond music into philosophy, literature, the visual arts and theatre. He had his own opera house, the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, built containing many novel design features. It was here that the Ring and Parsifal received their premieres and where his most important works continue to be performed in an annual festival. Wagner's views on conducting were also highly influential.

Wagner achieved all he did despite a life characterised, until his last decades, by political exile, turbulent love affairs, poverty and repeated flight from his creditors. His pugnacious personality and often outspoken views on music, politics and society made him a controversial figure during his life. He has remained one to this day because of his antisemitic writings.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Wagner

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专辑曲目

Disc 1 1/2

O Navio Fantasma
01. Abertura

Lohengrin
02. Preludio ao primeiro ato

Os Mestres Cantores de Nuremberg
03. Preludio ao primeiro ato

Parsifal
04. Preludio ao primeiro ato

Tristao e Isolda
05. Preludio ao primeiro ato
06. O Liebestod de Isolda

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra; Kad Bohm, conductor

Disc 2 2/2

O Anel do Nibelungo (excertos orquestrais)
01. A Cavalgada das Valquirias
02. Entrada dos Deuses no Valhala
03. O Adeus de Wotan e a Musica do Fogo Magico
04. Murmurios da Floresta
05. Marcha Funebre de Siegfried
06. "Imolacao dos Deuses"

07. O Idilio de Siegfried

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra; Sir Georg Solti, conductor

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