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《科学美国人:美妙的大脑》(The Scientific American Brave New Brain)(Judith Horstman)[PDF]

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  • 摘要:
    出版社Jossey-Bass
    发行时间2010年5月5日
    语言英文
  • 时间: 2010/07/11 19:39:52 发布 | 2010/07/11 23:31:55 更新
  • 分类: 图书  教育科技 

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中文名科学美国人:美妙的大脑
原名The Scientific American Brave New Brain
资源格式PDF
出版社Jossey-Bass
书号0470376244
发行时间2010年5月5日
地区美国
语言英文
简介

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# Hardcover: 208 pages
# Publisher: Jossey-Bass; 1 edition (April 5, 2010)
# Language: English
# ISBN-10: 0470376244
# ISBN-13: 978-0470376249
# Product Dimensions: 9.3 x 7.3 x 0.9 inches
本书简介
这本精彩易读的书带来了关于大脑的一些奇特但在不久的未来可能实现的预测。它展现了通过科学手段的突破和研究将那些科幻小说的情节变为现实.....在这本书里,我们将一起探讨:
*如何通过生物科学与技术的结合来帮助聋哑人恢复健康和与残疾人之间进行沟通。
*我们的大脑如何能修复和完善自己,抹去创伤记忆
*我们如何能保持心理警觉并且我们如何能够预防甚至治愈阿尔茨海默氏病
*我们如何脑电波控制一些装置技术,包括假肢装置,机器,计算机,甚至宇宙飞船或克隆
*揭示如何通过科学可能治愈致命的疾病,并改善我们的智力和物质生产力
感谢jianling网友介绍本书给我
版权所有,并非本人制作,请勿用于商业用途,下载后24小时内删除。如发现没有源了或者速度很低的话请联系我:lamost423@126.com

This fascinating and highly accessible book presents fantastic but totally feasible projections of what your brain may be capable of in the near future. It shows how scientific breakthroughs and amazing research are turning science fiction into science fact. In this brave new book, you'll explore:

* How partnerships between biological sciences and technology are helping the deaf hear, the blind see, and the paralyzed communicate.
* How our brains can repair and improve themselves, erase traumatic memories
* How we can stay mentally alert longer—and how we may be able to halt or even reverse Alzheimers
* How we can control technology with brain waves, including prosthetic devices, machinery, computers—and even spaceships or clones.
* Insights into how science may cure fatal diseases, and improve our intellectual and physical productivity

Judith Horstman presents a highly informative and entertaining look at the future of your brain, based on articles from Scientific American and Scientific American Mind magazines, and the work of today’s visionary neuroscientists.
Top Seven Predictions for the Future of the Brain
Amazon-exclusive content from author Judith Horstman

1) Wi-Fi Everything
Microchips in or on your brain will enhance memory, store data, and connect wirelessly to the internet, eliminating your cell phone and allowing you to control machines or even clones via mental wi-fi. See Chapter 7: Your Bionic Brain.

2) Cures for Dementia
Advances in neuroscience and bioengineering will render Alzheimer's, some brain damage, depression and perhaps even mental retardation largely preventable, curable and possibly reversible for many. See Chapter 3: Manipulating Your Memory.

3) Better Brain Power
Neuroenhancers - from smart pills to implants and devices––will improve thinking, enhance creativity, relieve depression, erase traumatic memories and boost mental endurance. See Chapter 2: Boosting Your Brain Power.

4) Bionic Brain Parts
Merging humans and machines with bionic or biological spare parts that already restore hearing and give sight to the blind could restore movement and speech to the paralyzed––and give super powers to the healthy. See Chapter 7: Your Bionic Brain.

5) Mind-Reading Brain Scans
Neuroimaging that now "reads" brains to detect disease will be able to accurately detect deception, antisocial tendencies, dangerous inclinations, your preference in sexual partners--and possibly predict your behavior. See Chapter 5: Looking Inside Your Brain.

6) Less Brain Surgery
Nanotechnology – the science of small – will be used to float drugs, chemicals and minuscule surgical instruments into your brain to treat tumors, clots and other traumas, and defective genes and cells will be able to be replaced. See Chapter 8: The Possible Dreams.

7) An Ethical Avalanche
The moral, legal and economic fallout from this amazing new technology will keep lawyers, lawmakers and the courts busy for decades dealing with issues of privacy, fairness, civil rights and even what it means to be human. See Chapter 9: Neuroethics; Facing the Dark Side.
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目录

Introduction 1
Your Changeable Brain: Neurogenesis, Neuroplasticity,
and Epigenetics 7
h e Birth of Brain Cells: Neurogenesis 10
Changes in Your Brain: Neuroplasticity 11
Changes in Your Genes: Epigenetics 13
Keeping Your New Brain Cells 14
No Pain, No Gain 16
Brain Training Programs: Help or Hype? 17
What’s Next? And What About My Brain? 19
Boosting Your Brain Power 21
h e Brave New Pharmacy 22
Juicing the Brain: h e “Smart Drugs” 24
h e Caveats: Are h ese Really “Smart Pills”—and Are
h ey Safe? 26
Six Drug-Free Ways to Boost Your Brain 29
Boosting Your Brain with Meditation 31
Meditation Means Changing Your Brain 33
What’s Next? And What About My Brain? 35
3 Manipulating Your Memory 37
Memories Are Made of h is—We Hope 38
How Memory Works—the Short Version 39
Alzheimer’s Disease: h e Memory Epidemic 41
What We Know Now About Dementia 43
Marijuana to Ward Of Alzheimer’s? Wow.
Like, Cool. 44
Making Memories Stick Around 45
Erasing Bad Memories: A Morning-At er Pill
for the Brain 48
h e Toll of Mental Illness—and Anxiety 50
What’s Next? And What About My Brain? 52
4 Digital You: What the Digital Explosion Is Doing
to Your iBrain 55
Are You Born Digital—or a Digital Immigrant? 56
h e Brains of Digital Natives 57
h e Bad, the Good, and the Unknown Ef ects of
Technology 59
h e Future Is Closer h an You h ink 61
Uses of the Digital You 63
What About My Body? Balancing the iBrain and Your
Sensory Self 64
Beyond Digital: h e Serious Need for Play 66
What’s Next? And What About My Brain? 67
5 Looking Inside Your Brain: The Magic of
Neuroimaging 71
Smile, Say Cheese? Not Exactly: How an MRI Works 74
Picture h is: Psychopath, Pedophile, Autistic Toddler 76
Scanning the Other Half of Your Brain: Why White
Matter Matters 77
h e Limits of Brain Scans 79
h e Five Flaws of Brain Scans 80
What’s Next? And What About My Brain? 83
6 Rewiring the Brain Electric 87
h e Electrical Revolution: A History of Hot-Wiring
Your Head 88
h e Current Brain Research: Magnets to
Implants 90
Discovering Depression’s Sweet Spot 95
Could Implants Help Alzheimer’s Patients? 96
What’s Next? And What About My Brain? 97
7 Your Bionic Brain: The Merging of Brain
with Machines 101
Spare Parts 102
Bionic Brain Research Today 104
h e Britannica in Your Brain—and More 106
Artii cial Retinas: Giving Sight to the Blind 107
An Artii cial Hippocampus? 108
Putting h oughts into Action 110
How and Why Your Brain Is Better h an a
Computer—for Now 112
What’s Next? And What About My Brain? 114
8 The Possible Dreams: Stem Cells, Gene Therapy, and
Nanotechnology 117
h e Future of Stem Cells 120
Retinal Stem Cells from Adults Show Promise 122
h e Promise of Gene h erapy 123
Nanomedicine 125
What’s Next? And What About My Brain? 127
9 Neuroethics: Facing the Dark Side 129
Stem Cells: Still Fighting At er All h ese Years 132
Liar, Liar: Can Brain Scans Reveal the Truth? 133
Responsibility: My Sick Brain Made Me Do It (h e Devil
Made Me Do It?) 134
Privacy, Bias, and Self-Incrimination 136
Psychotreatment: Should We Force Psychopharmacological
h erapies? 137
Mental Doping on the Rise: h ey Jail Athletes,
Don’t h ey? 137
Issues Yet to Come: A Future of Busy Lawyers 138
10 The Past Is Prologue: To the Future 141
Sources 143
Illustration Credits 153
Glossary 155
About the Author 161
Index 163

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