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《PBS 能源》(PBS Energy e2)全6集[720P]

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  • 摘要:
    发行时间2007年
    地区美国
    语言英语
  • 时间: 2010/06/12 15:04:12 发布 | 2010/07/30 16:19:39 更新
  • 分类: 综艺  纪录片 

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中文名PBS 能源
英文名PBS Energy e2
资源格式720P
版本全6集
发行时间2007年
制作发行PBS
地区美国
语言英语
简介

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最近看了 PBS 的 E2: Energy (2007) 系列影片,共六集,每集半小时的节目。
【这个系列是由 Morgan Freeman 旁白的影片喔,听他的声音真是一大享受。】
其中令我印象最深刻的是第二集 Energy for a Developing World,介绍 2006 年诺贝尔和平奖得主尤努斯 (Muhammad Yunus) 如何协助穷人解决能源问题。

很多人都知道尤努斯的成就,称他为「穷人的银行家」,但 PBS 这集节目主要是介绍他设法解决贫穷地区的能源问题,协助人民改善生活品质。

孟加拉的能源问题有多严重?能源对经济发展有多重要?我们来看看这段影片节录 (约 3 分鐘)

尤努斯教授认为,要消灭贫穷,孟加拉必须处理人类最基本的需求,像是能源。
尤努斯说,孟加拉正经历能源危机,因为整个国家电力短缺。大约七成人民没电可用,不只如此,即使是三成有电可用的人民,电力也不可靠,三天两头停电,一停就是几个小时。还说想要建立资讯时代的社会呢,没电,根本免谈。
后面这位专家是经济学者萨克斯 (Jeffery Sachs)【著有《终结贫穷》(The End of Poverty),近期《科学人》常有萨克斯的专栏「永续发展」】,他认为科技是提升经济发展的关键,而科技最基本的要素之一就是能源。

除了上面这段节录,影片里还说,以前的村民大多使用煤油灯,照明效果不佳,油烟不利健康,也容易酿成火灾。Grameen 鼓励村民使用太阳能+LED 照明,此外也利用牲口的排泄物转成可燃沼气,供炉具使用。

此外,我记得最清楚的是他们的能源公司 (Grameen Shakti) 雇用许多女性工程师。穆斯林女性不能随便让男人进屋,若是男性工程师,常要等到丈夫回家才可施工。如果将安装与维修的工作交给女性来做,施工或沟通、教育都比较方便,这也普及了太阳能板的使用率。

所以说,运用创意,转个方向思考,往往可能达到超乎想像的效果。无论做事或助人,都要思考:以前行不通的事情,我们还能怎么做?是否可以换个方式?

尤努斯改变了孟加拉许多穷人的命运,也值得其他国家参考。

关於尤努斯与乡村银行 (Grameen Bank) 的故事,可参阅:
《穷人的银行家》(联经出版)
《尤努斯与乡村银行:创造免於贫穷的世界》(宝鼎出版)

Google 有尤努斯演讲 (2008 年 1 月 10 日) 的录影,介绍他的新书 Creating a World Without Poverty,非常值得听一听(片长 43 分 59 秒)

他在这里解释 Grameen 银行的历史、业务... 等等【我印象最深刻的是他们如何协助乞丐「转业」,我还没仔细看完,以后再继续补充心得】。

关於 PBS 的 E2: Energy (2007) 系列,E 旁边的 2 是「平方」,代表 "the economies of being environmentally conscious",能源 (Energy) 这个系列有六集,主题分别是
Harvesting the Wind
Energy for a Developing World
Paving the Way
Growing Energy
State of Resolve
Coal & Nuclear: Problem or Solution?

如果朋友们有兴趣【最好是能提供"实质"赞助啦】,日后我再介绍这个系列的其他影片。

PBS 也有这个系列节目的介绍,还有每一集的文字记录(transcript),可以去看看。(转自
vidi - 星尘印象)

Information
Global in scope and comprised of six 30-minute chapters filmed in HD, e2 energy features the engineers, policymakers and innovations that are transforming energy availability and consumption. Each episode covers viable policy and technology alternatives to the fossil fuel culture. Episodes explore: California as a world leader in emissions control; transportation and the need for greater efficiencies; ethanol in Brazil and its future in the United States; distributed solar energy as a means to poverty alleviation in Bangladesh; community wind in Minnesota and its role in regional economic development; and the role of coal and nuclear power in our future energy mix. Solutions-oriented, the series illustrates the trials and trade-offs that any evolution in our global energy system will demand. e2 energy is narrated by Morgan Freeman.

Part 1: Harvesting the Wind
Wind is the fastest growing energy source in the world, yet it has struggled for acceptance in the United States. In southwest Minnesota, however, wind energy is a burgeoning source of local power and income for farmers. Some have joined forces in wind cooperatives to invest in larger farms and reap bigger profits. In the absence of of a strong renewable energy policy at the federal level, the state government plays a key role in wind policy, begging the question: Will the rest of the U.S. follow Minnesota's lead?

Part 2: Energy for a Developing World
A cleaner energy future depends, in large part, on responsible energy consumption in the developing world. Founded by Nobel Peace Prize-winner Muhammad Yunus, the Grameen Shakti organization in Bangladesh distributes small solar systems and portable bio-gas systems to rural Bangladeshis, empowering women and the poor in the process.

Part 3: Paving the Way
In America alone, nearly 70 percent of oil consumed is by the cars we drive. Can efficient automobile design mitigate the environmental damage caused by our beloved cars? General Motors unveils The Volt, a super-hybrid vehicle, and the fuel cell-powered Sequel, while technology firm Fiberforge shows off the latest in ultra-light materials for car manufacturing.

Part 4: Growing Energy
In response to the oil crisis of the 1970s, Brazil created a domestic ethanol industry that is now thriving on all levels, from production, to distribution at gas stations, to nationwide adoption of flex-fuel cars. The episode examines what we can learn from Brazil's extraordinary success with ethanol, and whether other countries could follow suit.

Part 5: State of Resolve
Could California's progressive energy policies spearhead a nationwide shift toward cleaner energy? The remarkable laws that California has passed under Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger to regulate greenhouse gas emissions perpetuate the state's reputation for environmental leadership across the country, and potentially the globe.

Part 6: Coal & Nuclear - Problem or Solution?
Renewables, biofuels, solar, wind and other energy sources may be alternatives to fossil fuel, but it is impossible to ignore the ubiquity of coal and the power capabilities of nuclear, despite their many drawbacks. These controversial resources may be major players in a sustainable energy future, however, thanks to new developments in carbon capture and sequestration and improved nuclear technologies.

代码
Video Codec: XviD ISO MPEG-4
Video Bitrate: 3691 kbps
Video Resolution: 1280x720
Video Aspect Ratio: 1.778:1
Frames Per Second: 29.970
Audio Codec: 0x2000 (Dolby AC3) AC3
Audio Bitrate: 384kb/s CBR 48000 Hz
Audio Streams: 6
Audio Languages: English
RunTime Per Part: Approx 25 mins
Number Of Parts: 6
Part Size: Approx 780 MBytes
Subtitles: None
Ripped by: SoS

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