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《2010年第83届美国拼字大赛总决赛》(83th Annual Scripps National Spelling Bee Finals 2010)[AVI]

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  • 摘要:
    发行时间2010年
    地区美国
    语言英语
  • 时间: 2010/06/07 10:39:08 发布 | 2010/06/07 15:04:01 更新
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中文名2010年第83届美国拼字大赛总决赛
英文名83th Annual Scripps National Spelling Bee Finals 2010
版本[AVI]
发行时间2010年
电视台ABC
主持人ABC
地区美国
语言英语
简介

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什么是 "Spelling Bee"
  在美国,一年一度举办的 Spelling Bee 英语拼写大赛是一项万众瞩目的、家喻户晓的英文拼字竞赛活动。比赛的对象是中学生,要求他们通过听取发音拼写正确的英语单词。该活动由美国 E.W.Scripps 公司以及多家赞助方共同捐赠获胜者的奖金。

Spelling bee 的来源和历史
拼字比赛的最早文献记录是在1825年,然而有证据显示在此之前已曾有拼字比赛举行。此项比赛最初是因诺亚•韦伯斯特(Noah Webster,即著名美国《韦氏词典》的始创者)的拼字读本出版而形成,这本书于1786年首版,被俗称为“蓝皮拼字书”(The Blue-backed Speller)。于美国,韦氏的拼字读本连续被五代人用作儿童基础教育的课程组成部份。

美国的全国拼字比赛(National Spelling Bee)于1925年由肯塔基州路易斯维尔市的《信使日报》(Courier-Journal)发起,1941年开始比赛改由斯克里普斯•霍华德新闻社(Scripps Howard News Service)赞助。

至于为何拼字比赛的英文名会叫作“拼字蜜蜂”,至今尚不清楚。其中一个可信的说法,是历史上在美国这一类为某种目的而聚集的社会活动多会被冠以“蜜蜂”称号,衍生为“群作聚会”、“蜂拥而上的行动”之意,与汉语的“集体劳动”相若。如19世纪初农民集体剥玉米壳的活动就被称作“去壳蜜蜂”(husking bee),拼字比赛相信也是因类似情况而被称作“拼字蜜蜂”。 (互动百科)

The "Scripps National Spelling Bee" (Formerly The "Scripps Howard National Spelling Bee" And Commonly Called The "National Spelling Bee") Is A Highly Competitive Annual Spelling Bee Held Annually In The United States, With Participants From Other Countries As Well. It Is Run On A Not-For-Profit Basis By The E. W. Scripps Company And Is Held The Week Following Memorial Day Weekend, In The Ballroom At The Grand Hyatt Washington Hotel In Washington, D.C. Historically, The Competition Has Been Open To, And Remains Open To, The Winners Of Sponsored American Regional Spelling Bees.

Over The Years, The Competition Has Been Opened To Contestants From Canada, Mexico, Jamaica, New Zealand, Guam, The U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Ghana, Germany, South Korea, And The Bahamas. Participants From Countries Other Than The United States Must Be Regional Spelling-Bee Winners As Well.

The National Spelling Bee Has Been Televised Live In The United States Since 1994 On ESPN, A Disney-Owned Cable Television Network Dedicated To Broadcasting And Producing Sports-Related Programming. Since 2006, Earlier Rounds Have Aired On The Cable Channel During The Day, And The Championship Finals Have Aired Seven Days After The Winner Has Won. As Of 2006, The ABC Network, Also Owned By Disney, Has Broadcast The Final Rounds Over A Live Two-Hour Timeslot.

The National Spelling Bee Is Primarily An Oral Competition Conducted In Elimination Rounds Until Only One Speller Remains. The First Round Consists Of A 25-Word Written Test, The Remaining Rounds Are Oral Spelling Tests. The Competition Has Been Declared A Tie Three Times, In 1950, 1957 And 1962. As Of 2010, Forty-Five Champions Have Been Girls, And Forty-One Have Been Boys.

Although The Bee Is Titled "National", Spellers From Europe, Canada, New Zealand, Guam, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, The U.S. Virgin Islands, And American Samoa Have Entered The Competition. The Competition Has Only Been Won By Two People From Outside The Fifty U.S. States—the First Time By A Puerto Rican In 1975, The Second By A Jamaican In 1998.

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Proudly Presents

Release Type: HDTV
Series: 2010 National Spelling Bee
Genre: Speeling
Episode: Title: Production Code: Orig. Air Date: 04 Jun 2010
Release Date: 04 Jun 2010
Source: 720p HDTV
Video Format: XviD
Video Resolution: 624x352
Video Bitrate: 947 kbps
Video Framerate: 29.970
Audio Format: MP3 VBR
Audio Bitrate: 136 kbps average
Audio Sample Rate: 48 KHz
Length: 1:10:09.876
Size: 576,789,508
Packs: 29*20MB = 550MB
Link: http://www.spellingbee.com/

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