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《早期人类亲属关系:从性别到社会再生产》(Early Human Kinship: From Sex to Social Reproduction )(Nicholas J. Allen)文字版[PDF]

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  • 摘要:
    出版社Wiley-Blackwell
    发行时间2010年
    语言英文
  • 时间: 2010/05/13 15:25:33 发布 | 2010/05/13 17:19:34 更新
  • 分类: 图书  人文社科 

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中文名早期人类亲属关系:从性别到社会再生产
原名Early Human Kinship: From Sex to Social Reproduction
资源格式PDF
版本文字版
出版社Wiley-Blackwell
书号978-1405179010
发行时间2010年
地区美国
语言英文
简介

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内容简介:

“这是一个重要和及时的数量,而在其多种方法带来新的问题上承担的课题,它是人类学的基石。”
斯坦利Ulijaszek,牛津大学

“在古生物学的一个国际领先的数字集合,语言学,地理学和人类学考虑从生物亲缘关系的灵长类动物的过渡,其中也标志着语言过渡和环境的社会控制现代人类社会的亲情。”
高等法院巴恩斯,英国牛津大学


“长久以来,在文化和血缘的遗传方面的研究已经进行彼此孤立。此书标志着什么承诺,是进化生物学之间富有成效的对话和社会人类学的开始。”
丹尼尔荨麻,纽卡斯尔大学


“早期人类亲缘关系汇集了从人文科学的范围。教学有用的令人振奋的新观点,也鼓励将人类起源的亲属关系进一步交叉学科的研究,因此对人类本身。”
罗伯特帕金,牛津大学


“这重要的书,把促进亲属关系的研究早在深的历史,正是19世纪的人类学首次发现中心。欢迎回来!”
托马斯陶德曼,美国密西根大学


“在上个世纪中叶,列维一斯特劳斯发达,我们的祖先就为两个”大爆炸“。象征思维和语言的结果出来的动物状态,他声称,突然出现了,当时人类能够离开过床上用品的姐妹或女儿,而不是交换的其他男人的女儿他们。因此,乱伦禁忌和男性统治足以推动从自然状态的我们的祖先的文化。如今早期人类亲缘关系的作者表明,这些“大爆炸“从来没有发生过,而现代人类的祖先摆脱通过变革,随着直立人的外观及消防驯化(50万BP)的开始一系列的原始动物状态。这是首先我们祖先的发展',使他们能够想象,逐步付诸实施的各种社会形式的性交和决定,这些工会出生的儿童属于一个被认为是他们的亲人。亲属关系的成年人由于集团始终形成系统的认知能力,但他们从来没有对任何社会的唯一的基本原则。“
莫里斯戈德利耶,恩高等学院社会科学杂志


产品描述
早期的原始人类亲属聚集在生物研究,从科学,社会人类学,考古学的领导人物,语言学,以提供对人类进化和社会性质的辩论的一个重大突破。
一个重要的新跨越专家之间的协作,包括进化生物学和心理学的人文科学的范围;社会/文化人类学,考古学,语言学
提供了一个突破性的设定上提供早期人类历史上的一个新的视角原始研究
辩论有关早期人类社会的基本问题:是否有一个开端之间的语言和有组织的亲属关系和婚姻'的开始连接?目前没有为如何调节社会关系的进化选择性别和原则,有利于一代?
皇家人类学研究所主办大不列颠及爱尔兰与英国学院合办

"This is an important and timely volume, which in its multiple approaches brings new questions to bear on a topic that is the bedrock of anthropology."
Stanley Ulijaszek, University of Oxford

"An international collection of leading figures in paleontology, linguistics, geography and anthropology consider the transition from the biological kinship of primates to social kinship of modern humans which also marks the transition to language and the social control of the environment."
R.H. Barnes, University of Oxford


"For too long, studies of the cultural and the genetic aspects of kinship have proceeded in isolation from one another. This volume marks the beginning of what promises to be a fruitful conversation between evolutionary biology and social anthropology."
Daniel Nettle, Newcastle University


"Early Human Kinship brings together exciting new perspectives from a range of human sciences. Useful for teaching, it will also encourage further cross-disciplinary research into the origins of human kinship, and therefore of humanity itself."
Robert Parkin, University of Oxford


"This important book puts the study of kinship back in the center of deep history-exactly where nineteenth century anthropology first found it. Welcome back!"
Thomas Trautmann, University of Michigan


"In the middle of last century, Lévi-Strauss advanced that our ancestors came out of their animal state as the result of two “big bangs”. Symbolic thinking and language, he claimed, suddenly appeared, and humans were then able to leave off bedding their sisters or their daughters, and instead exchange them for other men’s daughters. Thus the incest taboo and male domination were sufficient to promote our ancestors from a state of nature to one of culture. Today the authors of Early Human Kinship show that these “big bangs” never happened and that the ancestors of modern humans shook off their original animal state through a series of transformations that began with the appearance of Homo erectus and the domestication of fire (500,000 BP). It was above all the development of our ancestors’ cognitive capacities that enabled them to imagine and gradually to put into practice various social forms of sexual intercourse and to decide that the children born of these unions belonged to a given group of adults considered to be their kin. Kinship relations have always formed systems, but they have never been the only founding principle of any society."
Maurice Godelier, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales


Product Description
Early Human Kinship brings together original studies from leading figures in the biological sciences, social anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics to provide a major breakthrough in the debate over human evolution and the nature of society.
A major new collaboration between specialists across the range of the human sciences including evolutionary biology and psychology; social/cultural anthropology; archaeology and linguistics
Provides a ground-breaking set of original studies offering a new perspective on early human history
Debates fundamental questions about early human society: Was there a connection between the beginnings of language and the beginnings of organized 'kinship and marriage'? How far did evolutionary selection favor gender and generation as principles for regulating social relations?
Sponsored by the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland in conjunction with the British Academy

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目录

Contents
List of Tables ix
List of Figures x
List of Illustrations xii
Preface xiv
Acknowledgements xvi
Notes on Contributors xvii
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND 1
Why ‘Kinship’? New Questions on an Old Topic 3
Wendy James
A Brief Overview of Human Evolution 21
John A. J. Gowlett and Robin Dunbar
PART I Where and When: The Archaeological
Evidence for Early Social Life in Africa 25
1 Kinship and Material Culture: Archaeological
Implications of the Human Global Diaspora 27
Clive Gamble
2 Deep Roots of Kin: Developing the Evolutionary
Perspective from Prehistory 41
John A. J. Gowlett
PART II Women, Children, Men – and the Puzzles
of Comparative Social Structure 59
3 Early Human Kinship Was Matrilineal 61

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