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《联邦党人文集》(The Federalist Paper)(亚历山大·汉密尔顿 (Alexander Hamilton) & 詹姆斯·麦迪逊 (James Madison) & 约翰·杰伊 (John Jay))文字版 Gideon Edition[PDF]

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  • 摘要:
    出版社Liberty Fund, Indianapolis
    发行时间2000年
    语言英文
  • 时间: 2010/02/28 02:51:28 发布 | 2010/03/31 09:19:30 更新
  • 分类: 图书  人文社科 

利奥波德

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中文名联邦党人文集
原名The Federalist Paper
别名联邦论, 联邦主义议文集
资源格式PDF
版本文字版 Gideon Edition
出版社Liberty Fund, Indianapolis
书号0-86597-288-5
发行时间2000年
地区美国
语言英文
简介

IPB Image
《联邦党人文集》或称《联邦论》、《联邦主义议文集》(Federalist Papers),是18世纪80年代数位美国政治家在制定美国宪法的过程中所写作的有关美国宪法和联邦制度的评论文章的合集,共收有85篇文章。这些文章最早连载于纽约地区的报纸,之后在1788年,首次出版了合集,书名为“联邦党人”(The Federalist)。此书主要对美国宪法和美国政府的运作原理进行了剖析和阐述,是研究美国宪法的最重要的历史文献之一。

《联邦党人文集》的作者包括詹姆斯·麦迪逊、亚历山大·汉密尔顿、约翰·杰伊。他们使用了普布利乌斯这个笔名。这个名字来源于他们所尊敬的古罗马执政官Publius Valerius Publicola。麦迪逊常被后人称为美国宪法之父,并且担任了第四任美国总统。汉密尔顿是宪法会议中非常有影响力的一位代表,并成为美国首任财政部长。约翰·杰伊则是美国首任联邦最高法院首席大法官。在文集中,大多数文章是由汉密尔顿执笔的,麦迪逊也对文集做出了重大的贡献,而杰伊因为患病,只写了5篇文章。

文集的第10篇和第51篇通常被认为是文集中最有影响力的两篇作品。其中,第10篇文章提倡建立一个强大的共和国,并包括了各党派的讨论;而第51篇则解释了分权制度的必要性。文集第84篇也非常重要,因为这篇文章与后来的美国权利法案有着重大的联系。



目录

1: General Introduction
2: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence
3: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence (continued)
4: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence (continued)
5: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence (continued)
6: Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States
7: Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States (continued) and Particular Causes Enumerated
8: Consequences of Hostilities Between the States
9: The Utility of the Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection
10: The Utility of the Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection (continued)
11: The Utility of the Union in Respect to Commercial Relations and a Navy
12: The Utility of the Union In Respect to Revenue
13: Advantage of the Union in Respect to Economy in Government
14: Objections to the Proposed Constitution From Extent of Territory Answered
15: Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
16: Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (continued)
17: Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (continued)
18: Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (continued)
19: Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (continued)
20: Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union (continued)
21: Other Defects of the Present Confederation
22: Other Defects of the Present Confederation (continued)
23: Necessity of a Government as Energetic as the One Proposed to the Preservation of the Union
24: Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered
25: Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered (continued)
26: Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered
27: Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered (continued)
28: Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered (continued)
29: Concerning the Militia
30: Concerning the General Power of Taxation
31: Concerning the General Power of Taxation (continued)
32: Concerning the General Power of Taxation (continued)
33: Concerning the General Power of Taxation (continued)
34: Concerning the General Power of Taxation (continued)
35: Concerning the General Power of Taxation (continued)
36: Concerning the General Power of Taxation (continued)
37: Concerning the Difficulties of the Convention in Devising a Proper Form of Government
38: The Same Subject Continued, and the Incoherence of the Objections to the New Plan Exposed
39: Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles
40: On the Powers of the Convention to Form a Mixed Government Examined and Sustained
41: General View of the Powers Conferred by The Constitution
42: The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered
43: The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered (continued)
44: Restrictions on the Authority of the Several States
45: Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments Considered
46: The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared
47: The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power Among Its Different Parts
48: These Departments Should Not Be So Far Separated as to Have No Constitutional Control Over Each Other
49: Method of Guarding Against the Encroachments of Any One Department of Government by Appealing to the People Through a Convention
50: Periodical Appeals to the People Considered
51: The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments
52: The House of Representatives
53: The House of Representatives (continued)
54: Apportionment of Members of the House of Representatives Among the States
55: The Total Number of the House of Representatives
56: The Total Number of the House of Representatives (continued)
57: The Alleged Tendency of the New Plan to Elevate the Few at the Expense of the Many Considered in Connection with Representation
58: Objection That The Number of Members Will Not Be Augmented as the Progress of Population Demands Considered
59: Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members
60: Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members (continued)
61: Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members (continued)
62: The Senate
63: The Senate (continued)
64: The Powers of the Senate
65: The Powers of the Senate (continued)
66: Objections to the Power of the Senate To Set as a Court for Impeachments Further Considered
67: The Executive Department
68: The Mode of Electing the President
69: The Real Character of the Executive
70: The Executive Department Further Considered
71: The Duration in Office of the Executive
72: The Same Subject Continued, and Re-Eligibility of the Executive Considered
73: The Provision For The Support of the Executive, and the Veto Power
74: The Command of the Military and Naval Forces, and the Pardoning Power of the Executive
75: The Treaty-Making Power of the Executive
76: The Appointing Power of the Executive
77: The Appointing Power Continued and Other Powers of the Executive Considered
78: The Judiciary Department
79: The Judiciary Continued
80: The Powers of the Judiciary
81: The Judiciary Continued, and the Distribution of the Judicial Authority
82: The Judiciary Continued
83: The Judiciary Continued in Relation to Trial by Jury
84: Certain General and Miscellaneous Objections to the Constitution Considered and Answered
85: Concluding Remarks

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