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《神学大全》(Summa Theologica)(Thomas Aquinas, Saint (1225?-1274))英文文字版[PDF]

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  • 摘要:
    出版社Christian Classics Ethereal Library
    发行时间1947年
    语言英文
  • 时间: 2010/01/04 00:24:34 发布 | 2010/03/30 17:55:09 更新
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中文名神学大全
原名Summa Theologica
资源格式PDF
版本英文文字版
出版社Christian Classics Ethereal Library
书号BX1749 .T5
发行时间1947年
地区美国
语言英文
简介

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[简介]
圣多玛斯(Thomas Aquinas, Saint ,1225?-1274),道明会哲学家与神学家,封为「天使博士」。他生於Aquino,是义大利南方的一个城市,他的名字是依这个城名取的。《神学大全》是他最伟大的著作,他代表著「士林哲学」的颠峰。「士林哲学」融合的哲学与神学,兴盛於1100-1500年之间,企图在信仰与理性之间,亚理斯多德的作品与圣经之间加以调和。
《神学大全》写於1265-1274,原来是写给初学者的入门指南,所有刚信道的人都可以由此书获得学习。系统架构是以最清晰的方式来阐明神圣的教义,圣多玛斯分了几个部分提出了许多与基督宗教最相关的问题。
第一部分:论及上帝的存在与本性,然后是论及创造、人的本性。
第二部分:论及他对道德与法律之检证,也提供了他对神学的德性、基本的德性、七大死罪的说明。
第三部分:并未能完成,讨论的是关於道成肉身与圣礼。
这三部分构成了基督宗教里最令人印象深刻的作品之一。的确,几个世纪以来,无数的人们钻研与学习著这本《神学大全》。从圣多玛斯的时代到今天,它一直有著广泛的影响力。

相关联结:
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/aquinas/summa.html

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[截图]
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第二份文档是义大利文的html版。



目录

Table of Contents
About This Book. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. ii
Title Page. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 1
First Part. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 2
Treatise on Sacred Doctrine (Q[1]). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 2
Question. 1 - The Nature and Extent of Sacred Doctrine (Ten
Articles). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 2
Article. 1 - Whether, besides philosophy, any further doctrine is
required?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 2
Article. 2 - Whether sacred doctrine is a science?. . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 3
Article. 3 - Whether sacred doctrine is one science?. . . . . . . . . . . . p. 4
Article. 4 - Whether sacred doctrine is a practical science?. . . . . . . p. 5
Article. 5 - Whether sacred doctrine is nobler than other
sciences?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 5
Article. 6 - Whether this doctrine is the same as wisdom?. . . . . . . . p. 6
Article. 7 - Whether God is the object of this science?. . . . . . . . . . . p. 8
Article. 8 - Whether sacred doctrine is a matter of argument?. . . . . . p. 8
Article. 9 - Whether Holy Scripture should use metaphors?. . . . . . . p. 10
Article. 10 - Whether in Holy Scripture a word may have several
senses?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 11
Treatise on The One God (QQ[2-26]). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 13
Question. 2 - The Existence of God (Three Articles). . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 13
Article. 1 - Whether the existence of God is self-evident?. . . . . . . . p. 13
Article. 2 - Whether it can be demonstrated that God exists?. . . . . . p. 14
Article. 3 - Whether God exists?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 16
Question. 3 - OF THE SIMPLICITY OF GOD (EIGHT ARTICLES). . . . . p. 18
Article. 1 - Whether God is a body?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 18
Article. 2 - Whether God is composed of matter and form?. . . . . . . p. 20
Article. 3 - Whether God is the same as His essence or nature?. . . . . p. 21
Article. 4 - Whether essence and existence are the same in God?. . . p. 22
Article. 5 - Whether God is contained in a genus?. . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 23
Article. 6 - Whether in God there are any accidents?. . . . . . . . . . . p. 24
Article. 7 - Whether God is altogether simple?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 25
Article. 8 - Whether God enters into the composition of other
things?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 26
Question. 4 - THE PERFECTION OF GOD (THREE ARTICLES). . . . . p. 27
Article. 1 - Whether God is perfect?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 28
Article. 2 - Whether the perfections of all things are in God?. . . . . . p. 29
Article. 3 - Whether any creature can be like God?. . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 30
Question. 5 - OF GOODNESS IN GENERAL (SIX ARTICLES). . . . . . p. 31
Article. 1 - Whether goodness differs really from being?. . . . . . . . . p. 32
Article. 2 - Whether goodness is prior in idea to being?. . . . . . . . . . p. 33
Article. 3 - Whether every being is good?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 34
Article. 4 - Whether goodness has the aspect of a final cause?. . . . . p. 35
Article. 5 - Whether the essence of goodness consists in mode, species
and order?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 36
Article. 6 - Whether goodness is rightly divided into the virtuous*, the
useful and the pleasant? [*“Bonum honestum” is the virtuous good
considered as fitting. (cf. SS, Q[141], A[3]; SS, Q[145])]. . . . . . . . . p. 38
Question. 6 - THE GOODNESS OF GOD (FOUR ARTICLES). . . . . . p. 39
Article. 1 - Whether God is good?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 39
Article. 2 - Whether God is the supreme good?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 40
Article. 3 - Whether to be essentially good belongs to God alone?. . . . p. 41
Article. 4 - Whether all things are good by the divine goodness?. . . . . p. 42
Question. 7 - THE INFINITY OF GOD (FOUR ARTICLES). . . . . . . . p. 43
Article. 1 - Whether God is infinite?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 43
Article. 2 - Whether anything but God can be essentially infinite?. . . . p. 44
Article. 3 - Whether an actually infinite magnitude can exist?. . . . . . p. 45
Article. 4 - Whether an infinite multitude can exist?. . . . . . . . . . . . p. 47
Question. 8 - THE EXISTENCE OF GOD IN THINGS (FOUR
ARTICLES). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 48
Article. 1 - Whether God is in all things?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 48
Article. 2 - Whether God is everywhere?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 50
Article. 3 - Whether God is everywhere by essence, presence and
power?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 51
Article. 4 - Whether to be everywhere belongs to God alone?. . . . . . p. 52
Question. 9 - THE IMMUTABILITY OF GOD (TWO ARTICLES). . . . . p. 54
Article. 1 - Whether God is altogether immutable?. . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 54
Article. 2 - Whether to be immutable belongs to God alone?. . . . . . p. 55
Question. 10 - THE ETERNITY OF GOD (SIX ARTICLES). . . . . . . . p. 57
Article. 1 - Whether this is a good definition of eternity, “The
simultaneously-whole and perfect possession of interminable
life”?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 57
Article. 2 - Whether God is eternal?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 59
Article. 3 - Whether to be eternal belongs to God alone?. . . . . . . . . p. 60
Article. 4 - Whether eternity differs from time?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 61
Article. 5 - The difference of aeviternity and time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 62
Article. 6 - Whether there is only one aeviternity?. . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 64
Question. 11 - THE UNITY OF GOD (FOUR ARTICLES). . . . . . . . . p. 66
Article. 1 - Whether “one” adds anything to “being”?. . . . . . . . . . . . p. 66
Article. 2 - Whether “one” and “many” are opposed to each other?. . . p. 67
Article. 3 - Whether God is one?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 69
Article. 4 - Whether God is supremely one?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 70
Question. 12 - HOW GOD IS KNOWN BY US (THIRTEEN
ARTICLES). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 71
Article. 1 - Whether any created intellect can see the essence of
G o d ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 71
Article. 2 - Whether the essence of God is seen by the created intellect
through an image?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 73
Article. 3 - Whether the essence of God can be seen with the bodily
eye?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 74
Article. 4 - Whether any created intellect by its natural powers can see
the Divine essence?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 75
Article. 5 - Whether the created intellect needs any created light in order
to see the essence of God?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 77
Article. 6 - Whether of those who see the essence of God, one sees
more perfectly than another?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 78
Article. 7 - Whether those who see the essence of God comprehend
H i m ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 79
Article. 8 - Whether those who see the essence of God see all in
G o d ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 81
Article. 9 - Whether what is seen in God by those who see the Divine
essence, is seen through any similitude?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 82
Article. 10 - Whether those who see the essence of God see all they
see in it at the same time?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 83
Article. 11 - Whether anyone in this life can see the essence of
G o d ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 84
Article. 12 - Whether God can be known in this life by natural
reason?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 86
Article. 13 - Whether by grace a higher knowledge of God can be
obtained than by natural reason?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 87
Question. 13 - THE NAMES OF GOD (TWELVE ARTICLES). . . . . . . p. 88
Article. 1 - Whether a name can be given to God?. . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 88
Article. 2 - Whether any name can be applied to God
substantially?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 89
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