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Various Artists -《印尼巴厘岛甘美兰音乐》(The Gamelan Music of Bali)320K[MP3]

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  • 摘要:
    音乐类型民乐
    发行时间1994年
  • 时间: 2009/12/23 10:56:49 发布 | 2009/12/25 01:32:03 更新
  • 分类: 音乐  其它音乐 

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专辑中文名印尼巴厘岛甘美兰音乐
专辑英文名The Gamelan Music of Bali
艺术家Various Artists
音乐类型民乐
资源格式MP3
版本320K
发行时间1994年
简介

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专辑介绍:

一谈到印尼音乐,人们就往往会想到《宝贝》、《星星索》、《梭罗河》、《莎里楠蒂》等歌曲。这些印尼歌曲的确是以优美的旋律、徐缓的节奏和独特的风味,将人们带进了梦幻般美丽的南洋风光中。 但是印尼音乐中历史最悠久,最有特点,并在世界上影响最大的却是甘美兰。甘美兰是印尼人民喜闻乐见的一种民族乐队,它所演奏的音乐也称为甘美兰。甘美兰乐队及其音乐大约在15世纪时形成,至今已有500年的历史,它深深植根于印尼的泥土中,在民间有着深厚的基础。据本世纪廿年代统计,当时仅在爪哇岛上就有二万个甘美兰乐队。

甘美兰乐队的乐器种类很多,大致可分为:演奏旋律的敲击乐器:“波南”、“沙隆”、“根德尔”、“干邦”和掌握节奏的敲击乐器:“根当”、“刚”和“克农”。以及其他管弦乐器:“苏铃”、“拉巴布”、“格渣比”等。

甘美兰音乐大都采用有半音和无半音的两种五声音阶,但它的律制(即音与音之间的距离)与12平均律不同,有点接近五平均律,初听时不很习惯。演奏甘美兰时还要遵循一种称为帕台特的调式,它与印度的拉格相类似,表现不同的情绪要采用不同的帕台特。甘美兰乐队中还有少量的歌唱家。

甘美兰是一种由多种乐器合奏,并加上人声构成的多声音乐。它既不是齐奏,也非欧洲式的和声,对位。它的音乐织体复杂交错,演奏时还带有一定的即兴性,即在核心旋律的基础上进行即兴演奏。甘美兰音乐的核心旋律约有4000首,现在常用的有1000首。

甘美兰音乐十分丰富,它是印尼的艺术瑰宝。音色十分多样:清脆的竹板和响亮的金属板,嘹亮的高音和深沉的低音,低沉的鼓声和柔和的笛声,威严的锣声与纤细的女声齐唱……这些构成了鲜明的对比,使人们能在音响的调色板上描绘出多种多样的色调和变化。此外甘美兰乐队演奏时力度变化也很大,有人认为就音量变化的幅度而言,甘美兰乐队并不亚于现代管弦乐队。有时,音乐就像暴风骤雨突然袭来,震憾了大地,但往往又在转瞬之间变为轻轻抚击,纤细温柔,十分宁静。

印尼的甘美兰音乐遍布全国各地,它的用途也十分广泛,常为舞蹈、戏剧、皮影戏伴奏,并在幕间休息时单独演奏,过去还常在各种宗教仪式,迎送贵宾及举行火葬时演奏。各地的甘美兰也有不同的风格,最有代表性的是信奉印度教的巴厘岛甘美兰音乐充满生活气息,活泼,欢快。而爪哇岛的甘美兰音乐由于宫廷的影响,显得典雅,文静。

1989年在法国世界博览会上,印尼的甘美兰音乐使人耳目一新,法国印象派作曲家德彪西对此印象很深,他从中汲取灵感,进行了新的创作。

Southeast Asian music cultures are often described as "gong" oriented because a large number of the indigenous ensemble instruments from the area are tuned metallic gongs. Though there are the Phillipine kulintang, the Thai pi phat, and the Burmese hsaing waing, probably the most widely known among all the Southeast Asian gong ensembles is the gamelan. Along with tuned gongs that are cast of out bronze, iron, or brass, both the Javanese and Balinese gamelan ensembles consist of mettalaphones (xylophones with metal keys), wooden-keyed xylophones, and the ensemble leader's instrument, the drum. This core instrumentation, which is tuned to unique pentatonic and heptatonic scalar systems, is often augmented with the sounds of vocals and stringed instruments.

There exist two fundamentally distinct traditions of Gamelan ensembles: one Javanese and one Balinese. The Javanese style of gamelan is, generally speaking, slower and less aggressive than the up-tempo Balinese style. On the World Music Library release Gamelan Music of Bali, six sub-styles of Balinese gamelan are presented. They include the loud and driving gamelan gong kebyar, the gentler indoor gamelan semar pegulingan, the stately gamelan gong gede, the shadow puppet theatre accompanying gamelan gender wayang, the sacred gamelan selonding (reputedly the gamelan of Balinese aboriginals), and the ceremonial gamlean beleganjur.

All of the seven tracks on Gamelan Music of Bali are superbly recorded and, even more importantly, phenomenally played by such respected Balinese performers as STT Eka Cita and the Gunung Jati group. Sometimes acknowledged as the best ensemble players in the world, gamelan musicians, including the ones featured in these recordings, display an impressive ability to play complex interlocking patterns with other members of their ensemble. Known in the West as hocketting, this intricate meshing of various upbeats and downbeats give the gamelan a richly resonant and uplifting quality. In addition, with cues provided by the gamelan leader's drumming patterns, the ensembles presented on this CD repeatedly display their ability to fluidly control their collective speed and dynamic output. Gamelan Music of Bali's seven cuts capture the essence of Balinese gamelan music at its best. In short, it is a must have for anyone interested in the shimmering sounds of one of the world's finest and most highly regarded musical ensemble traditions. ~ John Vallier, All Music Guide

KING RECORDS的World Music Library系列之一。
这个系列的录音主要来自seven seas这个独立厂牌。
台湾风潮曾代理其中36张,不过那仅是一小部分而已。
KING RECORDS的World Music Library系列和JVC的World Sounds系列,
是日本发行的具有世界声誉的民族音乐唱片。


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专辑曲目

1. Paksi Ngelayang
2. Gambangan
3. Liar Samas
4. Tabuh Telu
5. Sekar Ginotan
6. Lente
7. Gilak

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