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《当今世界—古米廖夫诗选》([俄]古米廖夫)文字版,版面精确还原[PDF]

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  • 摘要:
    出版社外国文学出版社
    发行时间1991年09月
    语言简体中文
  • 时间: 2009/12/06 21:59:51 发布 | 2009/12/06 22:35:55 更新
  • 分类: 图书  文学 

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中文名当今世界—古米廖夫诗选
译者李海
资源格式PDF
版本文字版,版面精确还原
出版社外国文学出版社
书号7-5016-0059-7/I·60
发行时间1991年09月
地区大陆
语言简体中文
简介

IPB Image

当 今 世 界
Danjin Shijie

外国文学出版社出版
(北京朝内大街166 号)
新华书店北京发行所发行
北京市人民文学印刷厂印刷
字数111,000 开本787×940 毫米 1/32 印张7 3/8 插页2
1991 年9 月北京第1 版 1991年9 月北京第1 次印刷
印数0,001-3,150
ISBN7-5016-0059-7/I·60 定价3.40元

IPB Image

  前 言
  尼古拉·古米廖夫(1886-1921)是俄国二十世纪初引人注目的诗人之一。八岁开始写诗,短暂的一生中出版了八册诗集:《征服者之路》(1905), 《浪漫主义之花》(1908),《珍珠》(1910),《异乡的天空》(1912),《箭囊》(1916),《篝火》(1918),《帐幕》(1921),《火柱》(1921);此外,他还创作长诗、剧本,撰写诗歌评论,翻译国外诗歌等。
  当俄国象征主义内部发生分歧时,古米廖夫于1913 年发表了题为《象征主义遗产与阿克梅主义》的文章,宣称:“象征主义发展的一轮循环业已结束,现在正处于衰落之中。”取代它的将是一种“新的流派”,这就是“阿克梅派”(希腊语“阿克梅”意为“最高”,“顶峰”等)。古米廖夫是公认的“阿克梅派”诗人的领袖。
  “阿克梅派”并不一概否定象征主义。它反对的是象征主义致力于不可知领域,致力于神秘主义。在处理“主体”与“客体”的关系问题时,它要求“更多一些力量的平衡和更准确的知识”。也就是说,描述生活现象时,无论这些现象是宏大或者微小,是崇 高或者卑下,语言都要确实可信。可以看出,“阿克梅派”力求克服象征主义寓意的不可捉摸和用语的模糊朦胧,从而表现出一定的现实主义倾向。不过,这种现实主义倾向只是一种潜在的可能性,因为古米廖夫追求形式,强调形式重于内容。他说的“在众多的现象中间我们感觉自己也是一些现象”,实质上就是要在描述生活实际时,持所谓客观的和没有成见的态度,排除任何主观的评价和判断。这无疑也是“阿克梅派”诗人们创作的非政治倾向突出的原因之一。十月革命前山雨欲来风满楼的气息,在他们的诗里是感觉不到的,更不要说革命年代轰轰烈烈的群众斗争了。亚·勃洛克曾经批评他们说:“尼·古米廖夫和‘阿克梅派’其他一些人无疑是有才华的,但他们都沉浸在各种毫无生气的理论以及种种形式主义的泥坑中;他们连梦都不做,昏昏然沉睡不醒;对俄罗斯的现实生活,一般说,对世界的现实生活,他们没有丝毫概念,而且也不想要有这种概念;在他们的诗作中(同时也在他们自身中),对最主要的东西,对唯一珍贵的东西——心灵 .. ,他们缄口不言。”
  ...




观者 OCR 校对
2007年 6月 18日星期一
5:12:17



目录

1903-1907
秋天···························································································3
十四行诗····················································································5
死神···························································································6
万般思绪····················································································8
十字架·····················································································10
假面舞会··················································································12
聪明的魔鬼··············································································15
回忆·························································································16
幻想·························································································17
一只手套··················································································18
我作过一次梦··········································································19
传染病·····················································································20
奠基者·····················································································22
新浪漫主义童话······································································23

1907-1910

石块·························································································29
决斗·························································································32
皇后·························································································34
在途中·····················································································36
塞米拉米达··············································································38
带锁链的骑士··········································································40
遗嘱·························································································41
湖泊·························································································43
幽会·························································································45
无题·························································································47
无题·························································································49
不只一回··················································································51
祈祷词·····················································································52
无题·························································································53
贝雅特丽齐··············································································54
船长们·····················································································59

1910-1912

两株玫瑰··················································································69
致一位姑娘··············································································70
怀疑·························································································71
那另一个人··············································································72
永恒·························································································73
当今世界··················································································75
十四行诗··················································································77
有一次在傍晚··········································································78
她·····························································································79
生活·························································································81
来自蛇洞··················································································82
爱·····························································································84
驯兽者·····················································································86
被毒害的人··············································································88
壁炉前·····················································································90
流浪汉·····················································································92
奴隶之歌··················································································94

1912-1916

五音步抑扬格诗······································································99
回归······················································································· 106
珀耳修斯················································································ 108
进攻······················································································· 110
无题······················································································· 112
幸福······················································································· 114
八行诗··················································································· 117
雨··························································································· 118
老处女··················································································· 120

1916-1918

树木······················································································· 125
童年······················································································· 127
我同您··················································································· 129
农夫······················································································· 131
工人······················································································· 134
在北海··················································································· 136
创作······················································································· 139
安慰······················································································· 141
原始记忆················································································ 142
抒情曲之一············································································ 143
抒情曲之二············································································ 145
抒情曲之三············································································ 147
南方······················································································· 149
抛洒星星的女子···································································· 150
电话······················································································· 152
只讲你··················································································· 153
梦··························································································· 155
埃兹别基耶············································································ 157

1921

记忆······················································································· 163
语言······················································································· 167
灵魂与躯体············································································ 169
抒情曲之一············································································ 173
抒情曲之二············································································ 175
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