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《诗词话趣》(宋效永 宋立诚)文字版[PDF]

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  • 摘要:
    发行时间2004年
    语言简体中文
  • 时间: 2009/10/20 11:43:03 发布 | 2009/10/20 14:28:54 更新
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中文名诗词话趣
资源格式PDF
版本文字版
书号7101039871
发行时间2004年
地区大陆
语言简体中文
简介

IPB Image
◎译  名 
◎原  名 诗词话趣
◎作  者 宋效永 宋立诚
◎译  者 
◎出版时间 2004
◎国  家 中国
◎类  别 
◎版  本 文字版
◎语  言 简体中文
◎文件格式 PDF
◎文件大小 4.2MB
◎页  码 254页
◎ISBN 7101039871

文字版基本上与实体书一一对应。达到出版级别。

预览:
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-----------------
出版项:
-----------------
古典诗词漫话
诗 词 话 趣
宋效永 宋立诚 著

中华书局出版发行
(北京市丰台区太平桥西里38号 100073)
北京市白帆印务有限公司印刷
*
787×1092毫米 1/32·8½印张·152千字
2004年1月第1版  2004年1月北京第1次印刷
印数:1-4000册  定价:15.00元
ISBN 7-101-03987-1/I·513

-------------
出版说明

《古典诗词漫话》是一套文化类普及读物,共15种,每
种一个专题,它起自先秦的《诗经》 ,终于晚清的龚自珍,是
有着一个大致的脉络的。
诗词是中国文学长久以来的骄傲,谈诗论词的专著、论
文数不胜数。这套书所以采用漫话的形式,是为着读者接
受的方便。每个时代的读者,理解自己时代的作品,除特殊
情况外,大都不存在什么困难。而时代相隔,理解起来似乎
就有些滞碍。时代距离愈远,理解起来困难也就愈大。理
解的隔膜源自于生活的隔膜。
诗词也是如此。历史上桑间濮上的谣咏,文会燕集中
的歌吟,都是新鲜生动、荡人情思的。但隔着百年乃至千年
的时光,失却了读者与作品的直接交流,她的生气愈来愈微
弱,影响也就越来越衰减。等到变成人人敬而远之的“古
典”,她的天生丽质和勃勃生气已经被时间织就的蛛网遮盖
住了。要恢复她的生气,就要拭去这层蛛网,使我们能直接
面对她的本来面目,乐于和她做朋友。久而久之,就会从这
位韵致高雅的朋友身上得到原来意想不到的好的影响。
像这样的工作,港台称之为“古典的现代化”;大陆原来

称为“鉴赏”,近年也逐渐袭用港台的说法。做这样的工作,
高头讲章固不可废,但形式灵活、内容风趣生动的随笔似更
相宜。本套丛书就具有这样的特点。它用漫话的形式,将
诗人的生命历程、作品的内涵与诗艺表现作为叙述重点,着
重艺术性、故事性和趣味性。每一本都包括四五十篇短文,
每篇处理一首诗,或一个特定事件。各篇分读可以体味作
品的精华,合观则可得诗人的身世与人格。举凡诗人轶事,
诗作赏析,均能深入浅出,雅俗兼顾。既是非常好的文化小
品,也是学术小品,很适合中等文化程度的读者阅读。
这套书先在香港出版,原名“诗词坊”,香港中华书局的
同人为使丛书更具吸引力,在版式和插图上动了不少脑筋。
既而引入台湾地区,也大受欢迎,在学林颇获好评。现在,
蒙作者及香港中华书局慨允,我们对原作略加修订,并保留
了部分插图,重新出版。像这样的一套小丛书,能在两岸三
地出版,本身已经证明了它的价值。
最后,向这套丛书的作者和香港中华书局同人表示谢
意,也希望读者多提宝贵意见,以便我们今后把“古典的现
代化”工作做得更好。

中华书局编辑部
2003年6月

-----------
前 言

中国是一个诗的国度,而中国古典诗词则是一个伟大
的宝库。它五彩缤纷,色彩斑斓,包罗万象,其中丰富的作
品犹如春之牡丹,夏之芙蓉,秋之海棠,冬之腊梅。它们时
时争奇斗艳,散发着诱人的芬芳,也呈现着多姿的绚丽。它
是人们陶冶情操的佳品,提高艺术修养的门径;是创作素材
的有益源泉,也是创作经验的良好借鉴。正是在这个意义
上,它滋润着一代又一代诗人、艺术家;也正是在这个意义
上,它才具有永久不朽的魅力。
和中国古典诗词的绚烂多彩一样,中国古代诗词作者
的创作也是异态纷呈,各有蹊径。他们有的对客挥毫,才思
敏捷,有的濡墨腐毫,难以落笔;有的将家人驱走,抱被独
卧,辛苦构思,有的斗酒助兴,挥毫飘逸,恣态潇洒;有的踏
破铁鞋,饱览山川,得山川之灵气,有的则下帷斗室,缜密构
思,一语惊人;有的诗词成于青楼歌坛之上,有的则成于诗
友兴会、留连风月之中。了解中国古代文人的这些创作故

事,非但可以了解这些诗词写作的背景,同时也可以加深对
其作品的理解。而这一点,也恰是古典诗词爱好者,学习者
所乐于知道的。这也是这本小书所本的一个目的。
作者本身的期望还不止此,更希望这书能为读者带来
如下几方面的收益:一是通过阅读这些创作故事,产生或加
深对古典诗词的兴趣;二是通过阅读这些创作故事,了解中
国古代文人的生活,了解他们各自独特的精神风貌,如他们
有的诙谐,有的幽默,有的极富艺术修养,运用诗词形式极
为娴熟,信手拈来,皆成佳作;有的创作灵感勃发则依赖于
某一特有契机;三是这些创作故事,一般都引申出了一个文
艺理论观点,一个文艺理论问题,而这一点,对广大文学创
作者、爱好者则又是极为有益的。
当然,如果读者的收获不仅于此,更能得到些“题外之
旨” ,那便是作者更为期望的了。

感谢 观者 制作。



目录

前言·························································································1
谢灵运的“神助”··································································1
武人弄笔的启示······································································4
骆宾王巧助宋之问··································································6
王维诗救卖饼妻····································································10
《滕王阁序》有神助····························································13
短袍藏诗结姻缘····································································18
汪遵的三首咏屈诗································································20
白居易诗误佳人····································································22
白居易善全诗名····································································27
画眉深浅入时无····································································31
孟郊的“得意”与失意························································33
趁韵诗人权龙褒····································································37
“龟”形诗与盼夫“归”····················································40
杜牧寻芳到已迟····································································42

王毂歌诗退无赖····································································46
李小姐慧眼识才郎································································49
刘氏的两首劝夫诗································································51
李煜等的三首《虞美人》····················································54
徐德言破镜重圆····································································57
陶縠的《春光好》与女间谍················································60
柳永因词谒孙何····································································63
柳永情恋谢天香····································································66
张先的游戏词与晏殊的真感情·············································70
文人的创作传统与通俗歌曲················································73
晏殊鉴赏的收益····································································77
宋子京“蓬山”不远····························································80
魏野题诗惊添苏····································································83
欧阳修的终身之恨································································86
欧阳修一日千里····································································89
诗穷而工与隐而工································································93
欧阳修的“近视眼”····························································97
欧阳修忆旧与妓女祝寿························································99
姚嗣宗计遣诗叟··································································102
蔡挺玉关人老······································································104
欧阳修的马屁······································································107
张才翁巧化春游词······························································110
苏轼悲秋与朝云伤春··························································112
到底为谁洗恶诗··································································115
苏轼的中秋词······································································118

东坡词得夫人助··································································121
曲终人不见,江上数峰青··················································124
苏轼与参寥··········································································128
这次还了相思债··································································132
鉴赏的失误与非音乐的耳朵··············································134
苏轼失踪与徐君猷过敏······················································138
琴操问对悟为尼··································································141
田歌自古非知田··································································145
苏轼为妓脱籍······································································148
黄庭坚俚语却知音······························································150
苏门的“家教”··································································152
黄庭坚老年多情··································································155
《临江仙》少游独冠··························································159
败诗思与续诗······································································161
张耒的两首赠妓词······························································163
万里云帆昨日到··································································166
挥毫当得江山助··································································170
韩丞相词情动神宗······························································174
对境法与本文批评······························································177
让你归去做新郎··································································180
韦诗黄书江神爱··································································183
贾娉娉巧集唐句··································································186
蔡京的临终悔恨词······························································189
妓女苏琼与权奸蔡京··························································191
宋高宗的眼力······································································193

徽宗父子的唱和词······························································195
周邦彦因词沉浮··································································197
姜白石泛舟巢湖··································································200
侯蒙的风筝词······································································203
姜夔词撩妇人心··································································205
王彦龄智辩《望江南》······················································207
《醉花阴》五十比一··························································209
朱熹与军营妓女严蕊··························································212
胡铨一词贬海南··································································216
“无情”不怪桥头柳··························································218
身边少个人儿睡··································································220
聂胜琼《鹧鸪天》消醋意··················································222
长公主因词感疾··································································225
海誓山盟字字真··································································227
洪迈的“掉头”与“摆头”··············································230
贾似道蠢昧醉“半闲”······················································234
移巢别处觅雕梁··································································237
花看人采方知惜··································································239
张县令趣赏吴沆诗······························································242
诗词创作的精神气候··························································246
和珅与阮元的眼镜诗··························································251
袁枚的困窘··········································································253

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