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《晴天霹雳:一本24小时观天者指南》(Out of the Blue: A 24-Hour Skywatcher's Guide)[PDF]

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  • 摘要:
    发行时间2002年
    语言英文
  • 时间: 2009/10/10 21:33:22 发布 | 2009/10/10 21:54:12 更新
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中文名晴天霹雳:一本24小时观天者指南
原名Out of the Blue: A 24-Hour Skywatcher's Guide
资源格式PDF
发行时间2002年
地区美国
语言英文
简介

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# Hardcover: 372 pages
# Publisher: Cambridge University Press (November 18, 2002)
# Language: English
# ISBN-10: 0521809258
# ISBN-13: 978-0521809252
# Product Dimensions: 9.9 x 7.2 x 0.8 inches
# Shipping Weight: 2.1 pounds
本书简介
天空为什么是蓝色为什么落日是红色的?我什么时候可以看到彩虹?月亮为什么有时在白天可见?监视者约翰内勒提供有关何时何地您可看到自然现象切实可行的建议,你将看到什么并且怎么提高你看见它的机会。 Naylor 发生在夜间和白天天空,只涉及什么可以用肉眼看到。借鉴科学,历史,文学,神话,并假定只有基本的科学知识,晴天霹雳是给正在户外感到好奇或对事物的光学和天文困扰每一个人。约翰内勒出生于英格兰,但在秘鲁度过了童年。阿伦敦大学,哲学学士,他任教于伦敦的中学物理。
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Why is the sky blue and why are sunsets red? When can I see a rainbow? Why is the moon sometimes visible in daylight? In Out of the Blue skywatcher John Naylor offers practical advice about where and when you can expect to see natural phenomena, what you will see and how to improve your chances of seeing it. Naylor takes in both the night and the day sky, and deals only with what can be seen with the naked eye. Drawing on science, history, literature and mythology, and assuming only basic scientific knowledge, Out of the Blue is for everyone who enjoys being outdoors and who feel curious or puzzled about things optical and astronomical. John Naylor was born in England, but spent his childhood in Peru. A graduate of London University with a degree in philosophy, he teaches physics at a secondary school in London.
本书截图
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目录

Introduction 1
1 Daylight 5
1.1 The colour of the daytime sky 5
1.2 Why is the sky blue? 7
1.3 Airlight 11
1.4 Aerial perspective 14
1.5 How far can you see? 18
1.6 Polarised light 20
1.7 Polarised light from the sky 21
1.8 Polarised light due to reflections 25
1.9 Haidinger’s brush 27
2 Shadows 29
2.1 No light without shadow 29
2.2 Solar shadows 30
2.3 Shadows formed by point sources 33
2.4 Mach bands 35
2.5 Coloured shadows 36
2.6 The heiligenschein 39
2.7 Shadows on water 43
2.8 Shadows formed by clouds 46
2.9 Shadows under trees in leaf 48
3 Mirages 50
3.1 Atmospheric refraction 50
3.2 Inferior mirages 53
3.3 Superior mirages 57
3.4 Lake monsters 61
3.5 Looming and unusual visual range 62
4 Sunset and sunrise 64
4.1 Sunset 64
4.2 Twilight 70
4.3 Clouds at sunset 73
4.4 The purple light 75
4.5 Crepuscular rays 77
4.6 Mountain shadows 79
4.7 Abnormal twilights 79
4.8 The Sun at the horizon 80
4.9 Green flashes 84
4.10 The Purkinje effect 86
5 Rainbows 88
5.1 Unweaving the rainbow 88
5.2 How to recognise a rainbow 91
5.3 Looking for rainbows 95
5.4 Supernumerary bows 97
5.5 Circular rainbows 99
5.6 Rainbows at sunset and sunrise 101
5.7 Lunar rainbows 102
5.8 Reflection rainbows 103
5.9 Reflected rainbows 105
5.10 Spray bows 106
5.11 Fog bows 106
5.12 Rainbow wheels 108
5.13 Horizontal rainbows 109
5.14 Searchlight rainbows 111
5.15 Eclipse rainbows 112
5.16 Anomalous rainbows 112
5.17 Explaining the rainbow 114
5.18 Tertiary rainbows 122
5.19 Polarised rainbows 123
5.20 Are rainbows real? 123
5.21 Notes for rainbow observers 125
6 Coronae and glories 127
6.1 Coronae 127
6.2 Other situations in which coronae are seen 130
6.3 Cloud iridescence 131
6.4 Glories 133
6.5 Notes for observers of coronae and glories 135
7 Atmospheric halos 136
7.1 Ice halos 136
7.2 22° halo 139
7.3 Upper tangent arc 144
7.4 46° halo 144
7.5 Rare halos 145
7.6 Parhelia 146
7.7 Circumzenithal and circumhorizontal arcs 149
7.8 The parhelic circle 151
7.9 Sun pillars 152
7.10 Subsuns 152
7.11 Notes for ice halo observers 154
8 The night sky 157
8.1 A brief history of the sky 157
8.2 Naked-eye astronomy 161
8.3 The celestial sphere 163
8.4 The ecliptic 165
8.5 The apparent motion of the Sun 167
8.6 Why is the sky dark at night? 169
8.7 The sky beyond the equator 170
9 The Moon 171
9.1 Observing the Moon 171
9.2 The Earth–Moon system 172
9.3 Looking at the Moon without a telescope 176
9.4 The lunar surface 180
9.5 The best time to look at the Moon 183
9.6 The Moon in daylight 185
9.7 How bright is the Moon? 188
9.8 Earthshine 193
9.9 Moonlight 195
9.10 The Moon illusion 197
9.11 A Blue Moon 198
9.12 Sidereal and synodic months 199
9.13 Finding the Moon in the sky 200
9.14 Moonrise and moonset 204
9.15 The lunar day 207
9.16 Libration 208
9.17 Lunar puzzles 210
9.18 The Moon’s phases 213
10 Eclipses 219
10.1 Chasing eclipses 219

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