《牛津大学天文百科全书》(Oxford University Press Philip's Astronomy Encyclopedia)[PDF]

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原名Oxford University Press Philip's Astronomy Encyclopedia

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First published in Great Britain in 1987 by Mitchell Beazley
under the title The Astronomy Encyclopedia (General Editor
Patrick Moore)
This fully revised and expanded edition first published in 2002 by
Philip’s, an imprint of Octopus Publishing Group
2–4 Heron Quays
London E14 4JP
Copyright © 2002 Philip’s
ISBN 0–540–07863–8
The Astronomy Encyclopedia
Author: Patrick Moore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
464 pages
The universe beyond our own has been an object of scientific inquiry and a preoccupation of avid stargazers from antiquity up to the present day, and this preoccupation has evolved into a complex field in which mysteries are unlocked and discoveries are made on a constant basis. The Astronomy Encyclopedia covers the full width and breadth of the discipline and includes the latest and most important advances.
In more than 3,000 alphabetically organized articles accompanied by 500 stunning color and black and white photographs, star maps, and diagrams, The Astronomy Encyclopedia covers everything both the researcher and general enthusiast wants to knowfrom adaptive optics and cold dark matter to Islamic astronomy and the principle of equivalence. It includes a host of major articles on the cornerstones of astronomical investigation, such as the Milky Way, the sun and planets, optical and radio telescopes, stars, black holes, astrophysics, observatories, astronomical photography, space programs, the constellations and famous astronomers.
Also featured are tables which display relevant data such as the brightest stars in the major constellations, annual meteor showers, major variable stars, dwarf stars, and energy production processes in the sun.
More than 100 astronomers from leading universities and observatories, each an expert in a specialized area of the field, wrote and reviewed the entries to ensure their authority. Patrick Moore, distinguished astronomer and longtime host of the popular BBC television program The Sky at Night, serves as the general editor for this most up-to-date and reliable reference work.
A glimpse into humanity's last great frontier, the Astronomy Encyclopedia is both accessible and comprehensive enough for both the serious stargazer and the professional astronomer.
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Alphabetical order
‘Mc’ is treated as if it were spelled ‘Mac’, and certain shortened forms as if spelled
out in full (e.g. ‘St’ is treated as ‘Saint’). Entries that have more than one word in the
heading are alphabetized as if there were no space between the words. Entries that
share the same main heading are in the order of people, places and things. Entries
beginning with numerals are treated as if the numerals were spelled out (e.g. 3C
follows three-body problem and precedes 3C 273). An exception is made for HI
region and HII region, which appear together immediately after Hirayama family.
Biographies are alphabetized by surname, with first names following the comma.
(Forenames are placed in parentheses if the one by which a person is commonly
known is not the first.) Certain lunar and planetary features appear under the main
element of names (e.g. Imbrium, Mare rather than Mare Imbrium).
SMALL CAPITALS in an article indicate a separate entry that defines and explains the
word or subject capitalized. ‘See also’ at the end of an article directs the reader to
entries that contain additional relevant information.
Measurements are given in metric (usually SI) units, with an imperial conversion (to
an appropriate accuracy) following in parentheses where appropriate. In historical
contexts this convention is reversed so that, for example, the diameter of an early telescope
is given first in inches. Densities, given in grams per cubic centimetre, are not
converted, and neither are kilograms or tonnes. Large astronomical distances are usually
given in light-years, but parsecs are sometimes used in a cosmological context.
Particularly in tables, large numbers may be given in exponential form. Thus 103 is a
thousand, 2  106 is two million, and so on. ‘Billion’ always means a thousand million,
or 109. As is customary in astronomy, dates are expressed in the order year, month,
day. Details of units of measurement, conversion factors and the principal abbreviations
used in the book will be found in the tables on this page.
Stellar data
In almost all cases, data for stars are taken from the HIPPARCOS CATALOGUE. The very
few exceptions are for instances where the catalogue contains an error of which the
editors have been aware. In tables of constellations and elsewhere, the combined magnitude
is given for double stars, and the average magnitude for variable stars.
Star Maps pages 447–55
Acknowledgements page 456



tbgqxm 2013/09/26 12:54:40 补充




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