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《新泽西州发展和重建规划2001》(NEW JERSEY STATE DEVELOPMENT AND REDEVELOPMENT PLAN)[PDF]

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  • 摘要:
    发行时间2001年
    语言英文
  • 时间: 2009/05/09 14:38:29 发布 | 2009/05/11 06:58:41 更新
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中文名新泽西州发展和重建规划2001
原名NEW JERSEY STATE DEVELOPMENT AND REDEVELOPMENT PLAN
别名国外城市规划经典教材系列
资源格式PDF
发行时间2001年
地区美国
语言英文
简介

IPB Image
前言
本规划的地位
这是对1992年6月12日版的新泽西州发展和重建规划(即”州规划” ) 的首次较大范围的更新和修订,这次制定是对州议会在新泽西州规划法案中的命令的答复.
这次法案是在1986年1月2日被写入法律的。法案还规定成立新泽西州规划委员会,要求委员会制定并通过州规划,此后还要至少每三年再修订和通过一次。
新泽西州规划包括州规划政策图(政策图),用来指导自治区的、县的以及地区性的规划、州机关职能规划和基础投资决定。这个政策图不适合直接用州规划来制定法规、条例、行政法规和其他规定。这些被制定的规定应该用来实施可信赖机构的总体和功能规划。正是因为规定制定后有很多种方法可以有效地实施总体和功能规划,所以有很多种方式使这些总体和功能规划与州规划保持一致。因此鼓励新泽西所有的政府和适合的机构重新审视他们的规划,这种审视要以把他们的规划与州规划的准备方案保持一致性为目标。以这种方式使用州规划保证了:
保持已有规划和调整过程的完善
规划在全州范围内是协调和统一的。
州规划与政府和机构在兑现他们责任时的某些特权不相冲突。
州规划不能推迟调整和其他过程。
ps.本人英文水平有限,前言部分翻译不当之处还望各位批评指正,我会尽快修正。

PREFACE
A. STATUS OF THE PLAN

This first major update and revision of New Jersey’s June 12, 1992 State
Development and Redevelopment Plan (the “State Plan”) was
formulated in response to the mandates of the New Jersey
Legislature contained in the New Jersey State Planning Act. The
Act was signed into law on January 2, 1986. It created the New
Jersey State Planning Commission and required the Commission to
prepare and adopt the State Plan, and to revise and readopt at least
every three years thereafter.
New Jersey’s State Plan, including its State Plan Policy Map (Policy Map), is used to guide
municipal, county and regional planning, State agency functional planning and infrastructure
investment decisions. It is not appropriate to use the State Plan directly to formulate codes,
ordinances, administrative rules or other “regulations.” Such regulations should be formulated to
carry out the master and functional plans of the responsible agencies.
Just as there are many ways that regulations can be formulated to carry out master and functional
plans effectively, there are many ways that these master and functional plans can be formulated
to be consistent with the State Plan. All New Jersey governments, and appropriate agencies
thereof, are encouraged to review their plans with the goal of bringing them into “consistency”
with the provisions of the State Plan. Using the State Plan in this manner assures that:
• the integrity of existing planning and regulatory processes is maintained;
• planning is coordinated and integrated statewide;
• the State Plan does not interfere with the prerogatives of governments and agencies in
carrying out their responsibilities; and
• the State Plan does not delay regulatory or other processes.
For further discussion of these issues, the reader is referred to Section IV, Role of the State Plan.
B. CROSS-ACCEPTANCE
The State Planning Act also created a statewide planning process, called cross-acceptance, to
ensure that governments at all levels and the public participated in preparing the State Plan and in
its periodic revision. The Act describes cross-acceptance as:
“. . . a process of comparison of planning policies among governmental levels
with the purpose of attaining compatibility between local, county and State plans.
The process is designed to result in a written statement specifying areas of
agreement or disagreement and areas requiring modification by parties to the
cross-acceptance.” (N.J.S.A. 18A-202b.)
The cross-acceptance process for this second State Plan began when the Preliminary Plan was
released in September 1997. All 21 counties prepared Comparison Reports that highlighted areasof agreement and disagreement, commented on the consistency of municipal and county plans
with the State Plan, and recommended issues for negotiation with the State Planning
Commission.
In September 1998, public negotiations with all counties started and continued to the release of a
Draft Final Plan in October 2000. 947 policy issues and map changes were negotiated with over
76 percent resulting in agreement between the State Planning Commission and counties and
municipalities.
The Draft Final Plan, along with the Infrastructure Needs Assessment, the Impact Assessment
and the Statement of Agreements and Disagreements were subjected to public hearings in each
county. Based upon the findings of these hearings, and any written comments submitted to the
Commission, the Commission adopted the State Development and Redevelopment Plan on
March 1, 2001.



目录

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE........................................................................................................ 1
A. STATUS OF THE PLAN..................................................................................................... 1
B. CROSS-ACCEPTANCE......................................................................................... 1
I. INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................... 3
A. OVERVIEW OF THE STATE PLAN............................................................................................................. 3
1. The State Planning Act......................................................................................................... 4
2. Key Concepts ....................................................................................................... 5
3. State Planning Goals .......................................................................................................... 7
4. Statewide Policies ...................................................................................................... 8
5. State Plan Policy Map ...................................................................................................... 8
6. Role of the State Development and Redevelopment Plan ............................................................... 11
7. Plan Endorsement................................................................................................ 14
B. 2020 VISION – LIVABLE COMMUNITIES AND NATURAL LANDSCAPES.................................................. 15
1. Vision of New Jersey in the Year 2020............................................................................................ 15
2. Livable Communities................................................................................................ 18
3. Back to the Present ................................................................................................. 19
II. STATEWIDE GOALS, STRATEGIES AND POLICIES.................................................................. 21
A. STATEWIDE GOALS AND STRATEGIES.................................................................................. 21
1. Revitalize the State’s Cities and Towns........................................................................................... 22
2. Conserve the State’s Natural Resources and Systems..................................................................... 31
3. Promote Beneficial Economic Growth, Development and Renewal for All Residents of New Jersey ..... 37
4. Protect the Environment, Prevent and Clean Up Pollution............................................................ 46
5. Provide Adequate Public Facilities and Services at a Reasonable Cost ........................................ 54
6. Provide Adequate Housing at a Reasonable Cost .......................................................................... 61
7. Preserve and Enhance Areas with Historic, Cultural, Scenic, Open Space and Recreational Value ..... 67
8. Ensure Sound and Integrated Planning and Implementation Statewide......................................... 74
B. STATEWIDE POLICIES ........................................................................................... 84
1. Equity .............................................................................................. 84
2. Comprehensive Planning ............................................................................ 85
3. Public Investment Priorities........................................................................ 89
4. Infrastructure Investments .......................................................................... 93
5. Economic Development........................................................................ 98
6. Urban Revitalization.................................................................................. 102
7. Housing............................................................................................ 108
8. Transportation ....................................................................................... 112
9. Historic, Cultural and Scenic Resources ...................................................................................... 116
10. Air Resources ................................................................................... 117
11. Water Resources ................................................................................. 118
12. Open Lands and Natural Systems ............................................................................................... 122
13. Energy Resources................................................................................. 126
14. Waste Management, Recycling and Brownfields ........................................................................ 128
15. Agriculture ...................................................................................... 129
16. Coastal Resources................................................................................. 132
17. Planning Regions Established by Statute.................................................................................... 135
18. Special Resource Areas........................................................................................ 139
The Highlands......................................................................................... 140
19. Design ............................................................................................... 142
III. STATE PLAN POLICY MAP .......................................................................................................... 148
A. INTRODUCTION ................................................................148 B. PLANNING AREAS .................................................................................................. 151
Geographic Framework for Livable Communities ........................................................................... 151
1. Metropolitan Planning Area (PA1)............................................................................................... 153
2. Suburban Planning Area (PA2) .................................................................................................... 161
3. Fringe Planning Area (PA3)......................................................................................................... 168
4. Rural Planning Area (PA4)....................................................................................... 174
4B. Rural/Environmentally Sensitive Planning Area (PA4B)........................................................... 184
5. Environmentally Sensitive Planning Area (PA5).......................................................................... 185
5B. Environmentally Sensitive/Barrier Islands Planning Area (PA5B)............................................ 192
6. Critical Environmental Sites (CESs) and Historic and Cultural Sites (HCSs) ............................. 195
7. Parks and Natural Areas........................................................................................... 198
8. Military Installations................................................................................. 200
9. Policies for Planning Areas ....................................................................................................... 201
C. CENTERS.............................................................................................. 203
1. Planning for Centers.............................................................................. 207
2. Components of Centers .......................................................................... 209
3. Types of Centers.................................................................................... 213
4. Policies for Centers.................................................................................. 221
D. ENVIRONS............................................................................................. 225
1. Linkages Within the Environs ................................................................................................. 226
2. Tools to Protect the Environs.............................................................................................. 227
3. Policies for Environs............................................................................................. 228
IV. THE ROLE OF THE STATE PLAN ............................................................................................... 229
A. THE STATE PLANNING ACT............................................................................................... 229
B. MONITORING, EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENTS................................................................................ 232
1. Analyzing Alternative Growth Patterns ........................................................................................ 232
2. Impact Assessment ....................................................................... 232
3. Infrastructure Needs Assessment .......................................................................... 233
4. Indicators and Targets ..................................................................................... 234
D. RELATIONSHIP OF THE STATE PLAN TO OTHER PLANS ....................................................................... 252
1. The Citizens of New Jersey....................................................................................... 252
2. State Agencies ...................................................................................... 253
3. Planning Regions Established by Statute...................................................................................... 254
4. New Jersey Council on Affordable Housing ................................................................................. 254
5. Counties ..................................................................................... 255
6. Municipalities ........................................................................... 255
V. APPENDICES...................................................................................... 257
A. SELECTED POPULATION, EMPLOYMENT AND HOUSEHOLD PROJECTIONS TO THE YEAR 2020............ 257
B. LIST OF CENTERS ................................................................................. 261
1. Designated Centers and Endorsed Plans...................................................................................... 261
2. Proposed Centers......................................................................... 264
3. Identified Centers................................................................................. 270
C. PUBLICATIONS LIST.............................................................................. 278
D. GLOSSARY........................................................................................... 287
E. STATE PLANNING ACT TEXT ................................................................................ 313
F. STATE AGENCY USE OF THE STATE PLAN........................................................................................... 321
G. HIGHLANDS MUNICIPALITIES .................................................................. 322
H. URBAN COORDINATING COUNCIL MUNICIPALITIES............................................................................ 323

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