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《索姆河战役》(The Battle of the Somme )[DVDRip]

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  • 摘要:
    发行时间1916年
    地区英国
    语言英语
  • 时间: 2009/04/12 03:34:47 发布 | 2009/04/13 18:39:52 更新
  • 分类: 综艺  纪录片 

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中文名索姆河战役
英文名The Battle of the Somme
资源格式DVDRip
发行时间1916年
制作发行British Topical Committee for War Films
地区英国
语言英语
简介

IPB Image
【类型】:历史/战争/记录
【时间】: 1:13:44
【IMDB】:http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0006405/
【IMDB评分】:6.2/10 68 votes
【内容简介】:
  第一次世界大战中期,英、法军队在法国北部索姆河地区对德军的阵地进攻战役。战役从1916年6月24日开始,至11月中旬结束。其目的是突破德军防御,以便转入运动战,同时减轻凡尔登方向德军对法军的压力。当时战线由南向北,在亚眠以东50多公里的地方穿过索姆河。德军在该地区构筑了号称“最坚强的”防线,包括3道阵地和一些中间阵地。主要阵地有坑道工事,阵地前面有多层铁丝网。守军为德军第2集团军,防御正面宽58公里,其第一线为9个师,预备队4个师。以后兵力增加到67个师。英、法方面原计划以法军担任主攻,但因凡尔登战役动用了法军大量兵力,改以英军为主。最初投入兵力为39个师(战役过程中增加到86个师),其中英军25个师,以第4集团军为主、第3集团军为辅,在索姆河北岸卡尔诺以北地区进攻,正面25公里;法军第6集团军14个师,跨索姆河在英军右侧进攻,正面15公里。英、法军炮兵和空军都占优势。采取对有限目标逐次攻击战法,企图通过消耗德军兵力达到突破的目的。为协调两军行动,规定每次进攻到达线不能自行超越。
  从6月24日起,英、法军进行了7天的炮火准备,7月1日晨7时半步兵在炮火支援下发起进攻。当天法军和主攻方向上的英军都突破了德军第一道阵地,但英军左翼则毫无进展。英军以密集队形前进,遭到德军机枪和炮兵火力的严重杀伤,第一天即伤亡近6万人。7月3日英军右翼和法军占领了德军第二道阵地。德军利用对方进攻的间歇,迅速调集兵力,加强纵深防御,并在一些地段上实施反击。英、法军于7月中、下旬再度发起进攻,南岸法军占领了第三道阵地,但未能发展为战役突破。9月3日,英军32个师、法军26个师第三次发起进攻,截至12日向德军纵深只推进了2~4公里。9月15日,英军在进攻中首次使用坦克,共出动49辆,而实际参加战斗的18辆(被德军击毁10辆),步兵的进攻速度因而有所增加,当天占领了第三道阵地的几个要点。在战争史上这是第一次使用坦克。在9月下旬和11月的进攻中,英军又两次使用坦克,但数量较少,收效不大。
  索姆河会战,是第一次世界大战中规模最大的一次战役。双方伤亡约134万人,其中英军45万余人,法军34万余人,德军53.8万人。英、法军未达到突破德军防线的目的,但钳制了德军对凡尔登的进攻,进一步削弱了德军实力。

PS:这是部无声的记录片,没有解说声音,片中的声音就只有原来的音乐。
这部1916年的记录片此版本是数码修复版


引用
"You are invited here today to witness by far the most important and imposing picture of the war that our staff has yet procured[...] I am convinced that when you have seen this wonderful picture, every heart will beat higher in sympathy with its cause and purpose, which is no other than that everyone of us at home and those abroad shall see what our men at the front are doing and suffering for us[...]"

These words of welcome are by David Lloyd George, Secretary of State for War and where read at the film's first screening on 10 August 1916. This was barely a month after the events it showed. To its original audience the film was not history but a dispatch from the front. This film was shot between 26 June and 7 or 9 July 1916 at the Somme front by Geoffrey Malins (29th Division of VIII Corps) and J.B. McDowell (7th Division of XV Corps) and had it's première at the Scala Theatre in Clapham on 10 August. Geoffrey Malins filmed the offensive from positions near Beaumont Hamel in the northern parts of the battlefield, J.B. McDowell was based further south near Fricourt.



引用
The Battle of the Somme (1916) is one of the most successful British films ever made. It is estimated that more then 20 million tickets were sold in Great Britain in the first two months of release, and the film was distributed worldwide to prove Britain's commitment to the First World War. It is the source of many of the conflict's most iconic images.

The Battle of the Somme gave its 1916 audience an unprecedented insight onto the realities of the trench warfare, controversially including the depiction of dead and wounded soldiers. It show scenes of the build-up to the infantry offensive, including massive preliminary bombardment, coverage of the first day of the battle - the bloodiest single day in the British Army's history - and depictions of the small gains and huge costs of the attack.

As a pioneering battlefield documentary, the very concept of The Battle Of The Somme outraged commentators on its release, inaugurating a debate about the on-screen depiction of combat that continues to this day. Its use of a staged sequence to represent the opening of the assault also set the scene for continuing controversy about the 'truth' of the documentary format.

The film's importance was recognised in 2005 by its formal inscriptions in the UNESCO 'Memory of the World' register - the first British document of any kind to be included.

The film has been digitally restored, offering a startling improvement on previously released video versions.


代码
Video Codec: XviD
Video Bitrate: 3418 kb/s
Video Aspect Ratio: 1.310 (4:3)
Video Resolution: 608 x 464
Audio Codec: AC3
Audio BitRate: 448 kb/s (5 channels)
RunTime: 01:13:44
Frames: 110,601
Size: 1.99 GB (or 2,041 MB or 2,090,516 KB or 2,140,688,384 bytes)
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