啊 地板 有字幕吗？？！
"玛雅文明的消逝大部分还是因为外来的文化 ，支持18楼的观点"Not sure where you got this impression, but the TV program proposed the exact opposite: the extinction of the Mayan Civilization was not because of any external forces including natural disasters, it was essentially Mayans who killed themselves.
An excellent documentary! I will recap the findings and theories in the program and also try to produce a large part of the English script for you guys who are still looking for Chinese subtitles, but as long as you understand English by reading, this script should help you enjoy the documentary better than impeded listening comprehension. Although I had to conduct a little research to grasp archeological terms such as "stela" or "stelae", the name of the city "Masuul" and so forth, the script is largely being reproduced by me memorizing the narration then jotting it down quickly within a relatively short time duration and I don't backtrack much as prove listening unless I didn't catch the words the first time around. Hence, I'd apologize in advance for any mistakes it may contain. Main Plot: Among a handful of decrepit Mayan pyramids and buried stone ruins, archeologist Nicolite Gruber traveled in the thick jungle to an ancient Mayan city and found the evidences of the Mayan extinction by reading the stone inscriptions. The Script - Part 1Narrator -A powerful civilization ruled Central America for thousands of years, then mysteriously vanished. We’ve never known for sure what triggered this apocalypse, but now one man has stumbled upon dramatic new evidence, can we finally reveal – WHO KILLED THE MAYA?The Maya are famous for their pyramids, but they are even more famous for the fact that their magnificent cities fell to ruin and their people perished in just a few generations.“They were scared then, just to cope that, they built these defensive walls.”Maya society was under threat. Historian Nicolite Gruber wants to know why. He’s helped crack the code of their ancient hieroglyphs carved in stone and preserved in just four books.Nicolite:“In Maya research, we have reached the level of understanding that may correspond to what Egyptologists knew about hundreds years ago.”His quest to push the boundaries of how these people lived and died, leads to the story of a powerful woman. New biographical evidence paints a bloody picture of genocide, dark warlords and a self-styled warrior princess known as Lady Six Sky. She was a woman formidable enough to lead armies and fight warlords in a male dominated society. And she would threaten the very foundations of a world that spreads from southern Mexico through Belize, Guatemala and Honduras.Lady Six Sky was born into this progressive, jungle civilization. This was a diverse coalition of regional kingdoms united by their bold architecture evident in hundreds incredible limestone pyramids, temples and palaces. The Maya thrived on art, astronomy, mathematics and sophisticated written language while Europe was still firmly immersed in the dark ages. But everything they'd achieved was lost within just two hundred years - by the ninth century A.D., there was virtually nothing and no one left. What went so wrong?Their seemingly strong society prove to be inherently weak, so much so that even the action of the young woman would be the catalyst for their apocalypse. On the trail of the Lady Six Sky's story, Nicolite Gruber is finding tantalizing new clues. Nicolite:"Look at this piece ..." Sometimes these clues are in the most unexpected places, like this ceremonial stone or stela, that turned out recently in a Guatemalan village. Nicolite was part of a remarkable breakthrough, by matching sounds from the Maya language still spoken today with ancient writing, he helped crack the code of Maya hieroglyphs. It was a daunting task - they had near few reliable Maya texts to go on. When the Spanish arrived in Central America in the early 1500's, they found thousands of Maya books. To their Christian eyes, the mysterious symbols were the work of the devil and had to be destroyed. A thousand years of history and culture went up in smoke. Deciphering the four remaining books and stone inscriptions now makes incredible reading for Nicolite and other scholars. They showed the Maya tracked the orbit of the planets with astonishing accuracy - almost a thousand years before Galileo emerged in Europe. They even recorded a precise date for their own creation - the thirteenth of August in the year 3114 B.C.. But these documents had given rise to a misguided impression of the Maya - they were thought to be entirely concerned with mathematics and the Maya calendar. Archeologists backed up the idea of an extremely quiet and contemplative people. Nicolite:"It set the totally wrong image that has been created in the 1950's and 1960's. The Maya people like ourselves - they are engaged in politics and warfare and betrayal and everything that makes up history." This new image based on hard evidence: fragments of writing collected from across the Maya region revealing a very different picture of their society and its rulers. They tell a precarious balance of power just before their civilization began to disintegrate - two superpowers dominated the Maya landscape: Calakmul and Tikul. http://photos-g.ak.fbcdn.net/photos-ak-snc1/v3786/232/98/1061871736/n1061871736_192862_5806445.jpg They were influential city states that controlled wealth and politics. Nicolite:"As long as these two superpowers maintained an equilibrium, the Maya society was stable." But the stone stelae and their secrets are fast fading away in the treacherous jungle climate - deciphering them is a race against time.New stelae are like a window to the past and a valuable addition to the puzzle that nicolite is piecing together. In 2002, a storm exposed a fresh set of hieroglyphs in Dos Pilas, this is the kingdom where the Maya princess Lady Six Sky was born and it's where the story of Maya's downfall really begins. http://photos-b.ak.fbcdn.net/photos-ak-snc1/v3786/232/98/1061871736/n1061871736_192857_7429797.jpg Incredibly, the storm makes exposed an old stone staircase containing one of the longest written records ever found. http://photos-f.ak.fbcdn.net/photos-ak-snc1/v3786/232/98/1061871736/n1061871736_192861_1896060.jpg Federico Farzon, a Guatemalan archeologist takes Nicolite to the spot and a step closer to the Maya apocalypse. Farzon:"The first section is this central section. The top most step has the birth ..."Nicolite:"I see the birth glyph over there"Farzon:"Ya, the ruler, it's a ... the birth of the ruler and his name is B'alaj Chan K'awiil."Nicolite:"He is the one who will be ... later become the father of Lady Six Sky."Farzon:"Yes, that is very true."So born princess of Dos Pilas, Lady Six Sky, what kind of person did that make her and what was to be her role?Farzon:"I think that Lady Six Sky must've been a very strong woman, a very powerful individual even when she left here because she knew what her role was to be. She was to set up a new dynasty and that takes a lot of power; a lot of energy dealing with all of the aspects of the royal court which must've been full of intrigue and she survived for how many years?"Nicolite:"ya, forty or fifty years, she even survived her own son."It would have been extremely unusual for a woman to outlive her children. Lady Six Sky was no doubt physically as well as mentally strong. She was born in the late seventh century, into a culture that had already been flourishing across Central America for seven hundred years.Her first taste of success came when she was sent to the town of Naranjo to become its new royal leader and replace its fallen rulers. http://photos-e.ak.fbcdn.net/photos-ak-snc1/v3786/232/98/1061871736/n1061871736_192860_6417319.jpg Following in her footsteps, Nicolite also travels to Naranjo to pick up her trail.Lady Six Sky came here to establish a new dynasty. She wasted no time in making her mark and directed monuments announcing her presence. What's remarkable is she was only a teenager, but already had a clear political strategy. It seems that nothing would stop her from fulfilling her personal ambitions. Like other royal Maya leaders, she left a record of her actions.Nicolite:"This passage on this heavily eroded stela describes arrival of Lady Six Sky at Naranjo at the year 682 A.D. and wish arrival, she managed to establish an entirely new dynasty at this place." When she first came to Naranjo on the 27th of August 682, the town laid in ruins. Its ruling dynasty had been destroyed by her father's allies from the superpower kingdom of Calakmul. But under her skillful leadership, it soon began to thrive. Lady Six Sky certainly benefited from support of Dos Pilas and Calakmul who allowed her to hold the power at Naranjo - the most usual situation for any Maya woman. But this was not enough. Lady Six Sky launched a political campaign that was to have far-reaching consequences. The apocalyptic violence that followed would not even spare her native Dos Pilas. Frazon:"In 761, the invaders came in obviously from different sides, probably captured the king then and he disappears from the record of history around here and so Dos Pilas. After that, there are no more kings in this area."This was a self-styled warrior queen. Although she was never crowned as the true divine leader, this didn't stop her from launching campaigns to regain control of the provinces that had been once affiliated with Naranjo. And she planned to go further, much further; her reign was to take on one of the most powerful Maya cities of all - Tikal. Centuries on, Tikal is one of the most intact post apocalyptic Maya centers and it's home to a stone that is perhaps the most famous of them all, because it's a record that proves the two superpowers of the day - warrior loggerheads. It shows King Jasaw Chan K'awiil who defeated Tikal's age old rival Calakmul in 695 A.D.. Nicolite and his research colleagues are interested in the stone because it also mentions a mystery city called Masuul. http://photos-c.ak.fbcdn.net/photos-ak-snc1/v3786/232/98/1061871736/n1061871736_192858_2055894.jpg Nivolite:"These two heads seem to be the name of the king and I think he's 19th King of Chaco, the Lion of the Successors ... followed by what must be a title and (a) distance number, but (the) critical phrase is here, this is "Chakuvo", it was "cut off", "decapitated" followed by the Masuul emblem glyph."So a place called Masuul had ties with Tikal, but where Masuul is remains a mystery.From Tikal's highest pyramid, nothing but thick jungle can be seen where once the Maya world spread out. But around 60 kilometers from here, the ruins of another city were discovered in the 1920's by the Ameican Sylvanus Morley. Almost a century later, it still remains concealed and unexplored. it was given the name Naachtun, meaning "far stone". Built directly between the two superpowers Calakmul and Tikal, it could have held a position of huge political significance. http://photos-d.ak.fbcdn.net/photos-ak-snc1/v3786/232/98/1061871736/n1061871736_192859_275398.jpg Nicolite launchs an expedition to retrace the early explorers' steps into the jungle to find Naachtun. He hopes it will reveal further clues to Lady Six Sky and Maya's ruin. END OF THE SCRIPT - PART 1 (15:10) To be continued ... (I'm adding to it irregularly)
Courtesy of veronica_yng's excellent Chinese translation, you guys still looking for subtitles are no doubt in for a treat. This is by far what we can do except for turning the script into an actual file to play with the clip. Finishing the whole transcript is conceivably in the near future. You can check out veronica's resource threads (发布的所有资源)HERE.============================================主要剧情:在一堆破旧的玛雅金字塔和被埋没的石头残骸中,考古学家Nicolite Gruber穿过茂密的热带丛林来到玛雅古城,他通过解读石头上的雕文,发现了玛雅城灭亡的证据.中文字幕 第一部分 (Who Killed The Maya)解说员一个强大的文明统治中美洲达几千年之久,然后神秘的消失了。至今为止我们仍不能确定引发这场灾难的原因，但现在有一位考古学家无意中发现了惊人的新证据，我们是否能够最终发现是什么毁灭了玛雅文明?玛雅人以他们的金字塔而闻名,但他们一座座气势宏伟的城市遭受神秘摧毁,玛雅人也在数十年后随之消失,这个事实更让玛雅文明显得神秘莫测。“那时候玛雅人惊恐万分，为了保护自己他们建起了这些防御墙。”玛雅社会不断受到各种各样的威胁。历史学家Nicolite Gruber尝试解开其中的密秘。他曾参与破解玛雅人刻在石头上和保存在四本书里的古象形文字。Nicolite：“在对玛雅文明的研究中，到现在我们知道的也许只相当于埃及人几百年前所了解的情况。”随着Nicolite对玛雅人生活和死亡原因探索的不断深入，我们看到了一位极权玛雅妇女的故事。新的生物证据揭示了玛雅文明曾经历过血腥的种族屠杀，充斥各式阴险的嗜战者，还有一位自诩为战争女皇的Lady Six Sky。她生性强悍，曾率领军队在一个以男性为主导的国度里击退侵略者，并且很可能动摇一个横跨墨西哥南部，伯利兹，危地马拉和洪都拉斯的国家的主权。Lady Six Sky就出生在这样一个地处丛林的国度里，并受到先进文明的熏陶。这个文明横跨不同地域，每个地域都有自己的国王，并拥有几百座由石灰石筑成不可思议的的金字塔，庙宇和王宫，它们组成了令人惊叹的玛雅文明建筑。正当玛雅文明在艺术，天文，数学和复杂的文字等领域蓬勃发展时，欧洲仍处在黑暗的中世纪。但玛雅文明取得的辉煌成就在短短2百年中消失的无影无踪--到公元前9世纪，人们再也找不到玛雅文明的一丝踪迹。是什么导致了玛雅文明的灭亡？虽然玛雅文明的结构看上去坚不可摧，但内部却不堪一击，这种局面再加上Lady Six Sky叛乱的阴谋，加速了玛雅文明的没落。除了Lady Six Sky这位野心勃勃的阴谋家的故事之外，Nicolite Gruber也发现了引人入胜的新的证据。Nicolite：“让我们看看这些证据...”有时候这些证据在令人意想不到的地方出现，像这块用于祭祀的石头或者石碑，是最近才在危地马拉的一个村庄里发现的。Nicolite是这些证据的发现者之一，他通过将今天仍然在使用的玛雅语言和古代玛雅文字相匹配，帮助破解了玛雅象形文字的含义。这是一项艰巨的任务，因为他们研究所需的可靠的玛雅文字十分稀少。西班牙于14世纪早期来到中美洲，当时他们发现了成千上万本以玛雅文字写成的书。他们的基督教信仰让他们相信，这些象征符号是魔鬼所为，必须将它们毁掉。1千年的历史和文明就这样付之一炬。对于Nicolite和其他学者来说，要破解遗留下来的书和石块上的雕刻文字所传达的信息，必须进行仔细的研读。这些遗留下来的证据表明，玛雅人能够十分准确的记录下行星的运动轨迹--这比伽利略提出的理论差不多要早1千年。玛雅人甚至记录下他们这些发现的精确日期--公元前3114年8月13日。但这些证据导致人们对玛雅文明产生一种错误的想法--人们认为玛雅人仅仅对数学和玛雅日历感兴趣。考古学家的发现支持这么一个观点：玛雅人是一个安分守己，善于思考的民族。Nicolite：“上世纪50，60年代人们关于玛雅文明的想法是完全错误的。玛雅人和现代人并无多大区别--他们参与政治，经历过战争，策动叛变，还有其他许多的的事件，它们都是历史的组成部分。”这个关于玛雅文明的新观点是基于确凿证据的。在古玛雅文明所在地收集到的零星文字记录描绘了玛雅文明的统治者一副不同寻常的画面。这些文字讲述了玛雅文明在分裂之初经历了一个岌岌可危的权利平衡--两个诸侯国统治了玛雅文明：Calakmul 和Tikul。他们是两个具有影响力的地域，掌控财富和权力。Nicolite：“只要这两个强势的诸侯国之间保持一种平衡，玛雅社会就能够稳定发展”。但是由于石碑及其所记载的信息受到恶劣的热带雨林气候影响而逐渐消失，研究小组必须争分夺秒的进行解密工作。新发现的石碑如一扇开往过去的窗口，为Nicolite的解密工作提供宝贵的线索。2002年一场风暴使埋没于Dos Pilas的象形文字暴露出来。Dos Pilas是玛雅女皇Lady Six Sky的出生地，也是玛雅没落的开端。令人不可思议的是，这场风暴使一个古旧的石楼梯暴露出来，里面隐藏迄今为止所发现的最长的文字记录。Federico Farzon是一位危地马拉的考古学家, 他带 Nicolite 走近玛雅灭亡之旅。Farzon：“第一个台阶是楼梯的中心部分。最顶的那个台阶是诞生之地。”Nicolite：“我看到那边有个代表诞生的象形文字”Farzon：“是的，这是代表一位统治者的诞生，他的名字是B'alaj Chan K'awiil。”Nicolite：“他就是后来成为Lady Six Sky的爸爸的那个人。”Farzon：“是的，你说的没错。”这里是Dos Pilas女皇Lady Six Sky的诞生之地，她是怎样的一个人，又充当了什么角色呢？Farzon：“ 我认为Lady Six Sky是一位十分强悍的女人，集权势于一身，即使当她背井离乡后也改变不了这一事实，因为她知道自己将要充当什么角色。她要建立一个新的朝代，其中强权是必不可少的；处理宫廷的各种事务需要巨大精力，同时也充满各种诡计阴谋，在这种钩心斗角的生活中她度过了多少个年头？”Nicolite：“嗯，大概四十或五十年左右，她甚至活过她的儿子。”一个女人能够活过她的子女，是一件不同寻常的事情。Lady Six Sky 无论在身体还是精神方面都十分强悍。她出生在7世纪晚期，她所经历的文化在中美洲得到长足的发展达七百年之久。之后她被派遣到一个名为Naranjo的小镇,取代其没落的统治者成为新的领导者,此刻,她第一次尝到了成功的滋味.跟随着这位玛雅女皇的历史足迹，Nicolite到达了Naranjo探寻她的生命历程。Lady Six Sky 来到Naranjo之后建立了一个新的朝代。她迫不及待要树立自己的权威，主持建造各式纪念碑以昭显自己的存在。那时候她还只是一名少女，就已经抱有如此鲜明的政治战略，这一点不得不让人惊叹。似乎没什么能够阻止她实现自己的个人野心。像其他锲而不舍的玛雅君王，她以自己的事迹而为后人所记住。Nicolite：“在这个受到严重腐蚀的石碑上有一条通道，它描述了Lady Six Sky于公元682年来到Naranjo的情形。正是那时，她成功在这里建立了一个全新的朝代。”Lady Six Sky于公元682年8月27日来到Naranjo时，整个城镇处于危难之中。由她爸爸所统领的来自Calakmul诸侯国的军兵已经把Naranjo的统治朝代毁于一旦。但在Lady Six Sky非凡的领导能力之下， Naranjo 开始恢复生机。当然，Lady Six Sky受到了 Dos Pilas和Calakmul 的帮助，允许她掌权Naranjo--对任何一位玛雅女性来说，这是最正常不过了。但Lady Six Sky享受的特权远远不止这些。她发动了一次具有深远影响的政治运动。但由此引起的一系列暴力事件波及到她的出生地Dos Pilas。Frazon：“很显然，在公元761年攻陷的入侵者是来自不同区域的，那时候他们很可能俘虏了国王，他自此从这片区域的历史记录里消失了，Dos Pilas也逃脱不了同样的灾难。之后，这片区域就再也没有任何国王了。Lady Six Sky自诩为战争女皇。虽然她从没有像真正的至高无上的统治者那样受到加冕，但这并没有阻止她发动一场又一场的运动以重新掌控曾经和Naranjo有过联姻的诸侯国。她的计划远不止于此；她最终要掌权玛雅最强势的城市--Tikal。几百年来，在遭受入侵者灾难般的攻陷之后，Tikal是玛雅依然完好无缺的城市之一，在这个城市里有一块石碑，是玛雅地域里最著名的，因为它记录了当时最强势的两个诸侯国的历史--它们经常陷于战争的泥潭里--这在以后得到了证实。这块石碑记录了于公元659年战败Tikal的死敌 Calakmul 的国王，名叫Jasaw Chan K'awiil 。 这块石碑引起Nicolite 和他的研究同伴的兴趣，因为它提及了一个充满神秘的城市--Masuul。Nicolite：“这两个头像雕刻似乎体现了国王的名字，我认为他是19世纪Chaco的国王，继任者的狮王...旁边的雕文应该是头衔，还有一个表示距离的数字，但关键的地方在这里，这里刻着 ‘Chakuvo’，意思是‘砍掉’，‘斩首’，接着是象征城市Masuul的象形文字。”因此一个叫做Masuul的地方和城市Tikal有着某种联系，但Masuul的确切位置仍然是个谜。从Tikal最高的金字塔向四周眺望，映入眼帘的只有一片茂密的热带丛林，这里曾为玛雅人建造的各个城市所覆盖。但在距离这里大概60千米的地方，一位名为Sylvanus Morley的美国人于上世纪20年代发现了另一座城市的残骸。差不多一个世纪过去了，这座城市仍隐藏在断壁残垣之下，更没有人到这里来进行探索。它被命名为Naachtun，意思是“遥远的碎石”。它建于两个掌握大权的城市-- Calakmul和Tikal之间，因此很有可能占据着重要的政治地位。Nicolite开始了一项探险，计划进入热带雨林里追溯早期探索者的路程，寻找 Naachtun这座城市。他希望这能够为 Lady Six Sky的生命历程和玛雅的灭亡提供更多的证据。To be continued ...
沒字幕嗎？？好可惜，這裡似乎不太有馬雅文化的資料, 英文不太好, 考慮要不要下載??
看来懂English的还真多！Basame el culo!
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