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《How to Cheat at Microsoft Vista Administration》PDF

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    发行日期2007年06月15日
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  • 时间: 2007/09/01 20:55:09 发布 | 2007/09/02 10:30:10 更新
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中文名How to Cheat at Microsoft Vista Administration
版本PDF
发行日期2007年06月15日
地区美国
对白语言英语
简介

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书名: How to Cheat at Microsoft Vista Administration
作者: Pawan K. Bhardwaj, Laura Hunter
出版: Syngress
页数: 480
日期: 2007-06-15
ISBN-13: 978-1-59749-174-7
ISBN-10: 1-59749-174-8

Windows Vista,这个微软历时5年开发的划时代操作系统,不仅仅是只有毛玻璃效果和漂亮的用户界面,Vista中蕴含了大量将在今后5-10年中将产生重要影响的新技术。从企业应用,到家庭娱乐,从数字版权保护,到网络地址分配,Vista中的核心技术将确保微软的用户能够满足未来的需求和发展。对于IT专业人员,及时地了解和学习这些新技术的发展趋势是非常重要的。在这个系列中,我们将重点地讲解Vista中的核心技术,并且探讨这些新技术将给IT产业带来什么样的深远影响,为您未来的IT之旅做好扎实的技术储备。这是一个开放式的系列课程,我们会根据听众的反馈和行业的发展,随时的引入最新的内容。

The Perfect Reference for the Multitasked SysAdmin
The Microsoft Windows Vista operating system offers several changes and improvements over its predecessors. It not only brings a new and redesigned interface, but also improves on many administrative utilities and management consoles. It also enhances the systems reliability, performance, and problem-solving tools. As administrators, Vista will sometimes look like its predecessor, Windows XP, and at other times, look like an all-new operating system. How to Cheat will help you get Vista up and running as quickly and safely as possible and provide you with a solid idea of all the important changes and improvements the new Microsoft Vista OS has to offer.

In the book you will:
* Automate Windows Vista Installation
See how Windows installations can be automated for large-scale deployments using the Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK).
* Install and Maintain Devices
Windows Vista contains device drivers for hundreds of PnP devices, and the Device Manager snap-in is the main utility on a local computer for managing them.
* Customize Appearances, Taskbars, and Toolbars
See how to use a personalization page, use the taskbar, and customize desktop themes.
* Manage File System Formats, Partitions, and Volumes
Learn how Windows Vista supports basic and dynamic volumes and two partition styles: MBR and GPT.
* Increase File System Performance
Learn how using tools such as disk defragging, cluster size adjustment, removing short filename support, and compression can help with performance.
* Administer via Remote
Remote Desktop and Windows Firewall can help administrators perform administrative tasks on remote computers.
* Managing Services
The Services utility allows you to view the status of services, as well as to disable nonessential services.
* Configure TCP/IP in Vista
See how to configure TCP/IP (both IPv4 and IPv6) via the user interface or via the netsh command.
* See Whats New with Wireless in Vista
Understand wireless security and learn how to install a wireless network.
* Optimize Windows Startup, the Hard Disk, and More
Optimize memory, applications, and the network connection, and see how to monitor performance.

Contents Include
Introducing and Installing Microsoft Vista
Installing and Maintaining Hardware Devices and Drivers
Customizing Desktop Properties
Managing File Systems and Disks
General Administration Tasks
Managing Local Networking Essentials
Managing the Wireless World and Its Security
Managing Security Essentials
Securing User Access
Tuning for Better Performance
Troubleshooting

*Provides the multi-tasked SysAdmin with the essential information needed to perform the daily tasks
*Covers the major new release of Windows, which will create significant challenges for IT managers
*Emphasizes best-practice security measures

Contents
Chapter 1 Introducing and Installing Microsoft Vista . . . . 1
Introduction to Windows Vista.......................2
Installing Windows Vista............................5
Minimum Hardware Requirements.................5
Vista Capable and Vista Premium Ready PCs .......5
Checking Hardware Compatibility .................6
Checking the Compatibility of the System BIOS.......6
Obtaining Device Drivers
Compatible with Windows Vista...................7
Knowing Your Disk Drives and Partitions.............7
Deciding between a Clean Install or an Upgrade .......7
Performing a Clean Installation....................8
Collecting Information........................8
Installing Windows...........................9
Setting Up Windows ........................10
Migrating to Windows Vista........................11
Planning for an Upgrade........................11
Hardware Compatibility......................12
Application Compatibility.....................12
Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor................12
Performing an Upgrade Installation................15
Collecting Information.......................15
Upgrading Windows.........................16
Setting Up Windows ........................17
Upgrading from One Vista Edition to Another........17
Migrating Previous Files and Settings...............18
Windows Easy Transfer.......................18
User State Migration Tool.....................20
Automating Windows Vista Installations................21
Unattended Installations ........................23
Windows Deployment Services...................23
Installing WDS.............................24
The System Preparation Tool.....................24
Using the System Preparation Tool ..............25
Running Windows Vista...........................27
Activating Windows Vista .......................27
Updating Windows Vista........................28
Dual-Booting with Other Operating Systems.........30
Running Windows Vista on a Virtual PC............31
Installing Virtual Machine with Virtual PC 2007 . . . .32
Preparing the Virtual Machine for Windows Vista . . .34
Installing Windows Vista on the Virtual PC........35
Solutions Fast Track ..............................37
Frequently Asked Questions ........................39
Chapter 2 Installing and Maintaining
Hardware Devices and Drivers.....................41
Introduction....................................42
Viewing Currently Installed Devices ..................42
Using the Device Manager to Manage Devices........44
Installing and Maintaining Devices ...................46
Installing Hardware Devices......................46
Installing a PnP Hardware Device...............47
Installing a non-PnP Hardware Device ...........48
Maintaining Devices...........................49
Disabling a Device..........................50
Enabling a Device ..........................51
Uninstalling a Device........................51
Removing a Device.........................54
Device Drivers..................................55
Driver Signature Verification.....................58
Updating Device Drivers........................61
Configuring Windows Update Driver Settings......61
Manually Updating a Device Driver .............62
Rolling Back Drivers ..........................64
Using Automated Help with Hardware ................65
Windows Vista Hardware Assessment...............65
Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor..................66
Contents xi
Windows Help and Support .....................66
Support for PnP Devices and Drivers...............67
Customizing Hardware Devices......................68
Customizing Keyboard Settings...................68
Working with the Keyboard Device Driver........69
Customizing Mouse Settings.....................70
Working with the Mouse Driver................71
Customizing Audio Settings......................72
Setting the Volume Control ...................72
Configuring Playback and Recording Devices......73
Solutions Fast Track ..............................77
Frequently Asked Questions ........................79
Chapter 3 Customizing Desktop Properties ..........81
Introduction....................................82
Customizing the Display Appearance and Screensaver......82
Customizing the Desktop Background..............82
The Vista Dual Time Zone Clock for Your Desktop . . . .85
Vista Sidebar Gadgets ..........................85
Customizing the Screensaver.....................88
Customizing the Taskbar and Toolbar..................90
Customizing with Desktop Themes...................94
Solutions Fast Track ..............................95
Frequently Asked Questions ........................96
Chapter 4 Managing File Systems and Disks..........97
Introduction....................................98
Managing Basic and Dynamic Disks ..................98
Managing File System Formats, Partitions, and Volumes . . .103
Partitions and Volumes.........................103
Partition Style.............................105
File Systems ................................Ill
Compact Disc File System......................115
Universal Disk Format.........................115
xii Contents
Increasing File System Performance..................118
Disk Defrag ................................118
Cluster Size (Allocation Unit) Adjustment ..........119
Short Filenames .............................119
Folder Structure .............................119
Compression................................120
Relocating Pagefile.sys.........................120
Sharing File Systems.............................120
Public Folder Sharing .........................120
Any Folder Sharing...........................123
Implementing Local and Network File System Security . . .126
Windows Rights Management Service.............127
User Account Control ........................127
Encrypting File System........................129
Solutions Fast Track .............................134
Frequently Asked Questions .......................135
Chapter 5 General Administrative Tasks.............137
Introduction...................................138
Backup and Recovery............................138
Backing Up and Restoring Files .................140
Scheduling Backup Jobs .....................142
Backup Computer and Restore Computer..........143
System Restore..............................144
Creating a System Restore Point...............145
Using System Restore.......................146
Printer Management.............................148
Installing a Local Printer.......................149
Automatic Detection and Installation............149
Manual Installation.........................149
Installing a Network Printer..................151
Configuring Printer Properties...................153
Sharing a Printer.............................153
Setting Printer Permissions .....................155
Working with Print Management ................156
Contents xiii
Listing and Removing Printers in Active Directory .158
Managing Device Drivers....................158
Managing Print Jobs........................159
Administer via Remote...........................160
Configuring the Remote Desktop Host............160
Configuring the Remote Desktop Client...........162
Firewall Settings for Remote Desktop Connection . . . .164
Scheduling Tasks and Managing Time and Date.........165
Creating Scheduled Tasks.......................167
Creating a Basic Task .......................167
Creating an Advanced Task ...................169
Troubleshooting Scheduled Tasks...............171
Managing Date and Time ......................171
Daylight Saving Time.......................172
Synchronizing with the Internet Time Server......173
Working with Power Plans ........................174
Changing Standard Power Plan Settings............175
Power Buttons and Password Protection on Wakeup . . .177
Creating a Custom Power Plan ..................178
Managing Services ..............................179
Configuring Service Properties ..................180
Changing the Startup Type of a Service..........181
Configuring Service Recovery Options..........182
Solutions Fast Track .............................183
Frequently Asked Questions .......................185
Chapter 6 Managing Local Networking Essentials . . . . 187
Introduction...................................188
A New Generation of TCP/IP .....................188
IPv6 and Dual Layer..........................188
Overview of IPv6 Addressing .................189
Windows Vista Support for IPv6...............189
Name Resolution..........................189
DHCPv6................................190
What Is Dual Layer Architecture? ..............190
Configuring TCP/IP in Vista ......................191
How to Configure TCP/IPv4 in Vista.............191
xiv Contents
How to Configure TCP/IPv6 in Vista.............194
Enabling and Disabling IPv6 ....................197
The Network and Sharing Center...................198
Network Explorer............................200
Network Discovery ........................200
File and Printer Sharing .....................202
Public Folder Sharing.......................202
Media Sharing ............................203
Network Location Types .......................203
The Network Map..............................204
Network Access Protection .......................206
Solutions Fast Track .............................210
Frequently Asked Questions .......................212
Chapter 7 Managing the Wireless
World and Its Security...........................213
Introduction...................................214
What’s New with Wireless in Vista?..................214
Single Sign-on Feature ........................214
Behavior Change with No
Preferred Wireless Network Available..............215
Hidden Wireless Network Support ...............215
Command-Line Configuration ..................215
WPA2 Support..............................216
Integration with NAP.........................216
Understanding Wireless Security in Vista..............216
Passive and Active Countermeasures...............217
Connecting to Unprotected Networks.............219
Improved Ad Hoc Networking Security............220
Single Sign-On..............................220
Network Location Types .......................220
Security Protocols............................221
Extensibility via EAPHost......................222
Installing a Wireless Network ......................223
Wireless Networking Protocols ..................223
Setting Up Infrastructure Mode..................224
Setting Up the Wireless Router................224
Connecting to a Wireless Router ..............229
Contents xv
Setting Up an Ad Hoc Network .................240
Solutions Fast Track .............................243
Frequently Asked Questions .......................244
Chapter 8 Managing Security Essentials............247
Introduction...................................248
Managing the Windows Firewall and IPSec ............248
Windows Filtering Platform.....................249
Windows Service Hardening....................250
Firewall Profiles..............................250
Windows Firewall Setup .......................251
Built-in Firewall Exceptions ..................254
Managing the Windows Firewall for Enterprises......258
Windows Firewall with Advanced Security Snap-In 258
Windows Firewall with Advanced Security Node in Group Policy........261
Managing the Windows Firewall with netsh.......261
Using Scripts to Manage the Windows Firewall . . . .262
Creating Firewall Rules........................263
Monitoring the Firewall .....................268
IPSec Integration ............................269
New IPSec Features........................269
Managing Patching..............................275
Windows Update Settings......................277
Installing Updates Automatically ...............279
Choosing Whether to Install Downloaded Updates 281
Checking for Updates but Choosing Whether to Download and Install Them.........281
Never Checking for Updates .................282
Using Microsoft Update .......................282
Installing Microsoft Update...................282
Enabling and Disabling Microsoft Update ........283
Managing Updates ...........................283
Checking for Updates.......................283
Installing Updates..........................284
Viewing the Update History..................286
xvi Contents
Restoring Hidden Updates...................287
Uninstalling Updates........................287
Managing Malware Protection......................290
Using Windows Defender......................291
How to Use the Windows Defender Software Explorer 294
Using Software Explorer.....................295
Managing Internet Browser Security.................297
Introduction to Web Browser Security.............297
Browser Exploits...........................297
Web Spoofing.............................298
Configuring Internet Explorer Securely ...........299
Protected Mode ...........................300
ActiveX Opt-In ...........................300
Fix My Settings ...........................301
The Security Status Bar .....................302
Windows Defender.........................302
Setting Internet Zones ......................303
Configuring Privacy........................304
Advanced Security Settings ..................307
Configuring the Microsoft Phishing Filter .........308
Managing User Account Controls...................310
Using User Access Control .....................311
Marking an Application......................312
Using the Local Security Policy to Configure UAC 313
Disabling UAC When Installing Applications .....314
Changing the Prompt for UAC................314
Solutions Fast Track .............................316
Frequently Asked Questions .......................319
Chapter 9 Securing User Access...................321
Improving the Logon Architecture...................322
Impact of Session 0 Isolation....................323
User Account Control............................327
How UAC Protects Administrators................329
Marking an Application........................331
UAC Virtualization...........................332
Configuring UAC............................332
Contents xvii
Group Policy Settings for UAC................333
Disabling UAC in the Control Panel............334
Disabling UAC via Msconfig.exe...............335
Disable UAC via the Registry.................337
Managing User Accounts .........................338
Account Types in Vista.........................338
Administrator.............................338
Standard User.............................339
Creating User Accounts........................340
Creating a User with the User Interface .........340
Creating a User Account via the Command Prompt 343
Adding Users to Local Groups...................345
Using the User Interface for
Creating Groups and Adding Users.............345
Using the Command Line for
Creating Groups and Adding Users.............348
Using a Guest Account in Vista..................350
Solutions Fast Track .............................352
Frequently Asked Questions .......................354
Chapter 10 Tuning for Better Performance..........355
Introduction...................................356
The Windows Experience Index....................356
Optimizing Windows Startup ......................359
Stopping a Program from
Loading Automatically on Startup ................359
Turning Off Windows Features ..................361
Visual Effects................................362
Optimizing the Hard Disk.........................364
Disk Cleanup ...............................364
Permanently Deleting Files from the Recycle Bin . .367
Disk Defragmentation.........................368
Checking Disks for Errors......................370
Optimizing Memory.............................372
Adjusting Virtual Memory......................373
Enabling Automatic Allocation of Virtual Memory . .374
xviii Contents
Windows ReadyBoost.........................375
Enabling ReadyBoost.......................375
Configuring ReadyBoost Properties ............375
Protecting Memory from Malicious Applications .....377
Enabling Data Execution Prevention............377
Optimizing Applications ..........................378
Optimizing the Network Connection................379
Using Software Explorer to
Identify Network Connected Programs ............380
Using Task Manager to View
Network Performance and Connected Users ........381
Using the Task Manager to View Connected Users .382
Using Reliability and Performance
Monitor to View Network Performance ...........383
Improving Network Performance.................384
Uninstalling Unused
Network Protocols and Services ...............384
Keeping the Network Device Driver Updated.....385
Installing Fast Network Adapters...............385
Closing Unused Network Programs ............385
Disconnecting Unwanted Network Users ........386
Disconnecting Unused Mapped Network Drives . . .386
Turning Off Public Folder Sharing if Not Required 386
Turning Off Media Sharing If Not Required......387
Keeping the Computer
Closer to Wireless Access Point................388
Monitoring Performance..........................389
Monitoring System Activities....................390
Using the Performance Monitor .................392
Adding Counters to the Performance Monitor.....393
Working with Performance Logs...............394
Using the Reliability Monitor...................395
Creating Data Collector Sets ....................397
Creating a Data Collector Set Using a Wizard.....397
Creating a Data Collector Set from a Template.....398
Creating a Data Collector Set
from the Performance Monitor................399
Creating Performance Alerts
Using Data Collector Sets....................399
Contents
xix
Solutions Fast Track .............................401
Frequently Asked Questions .......................404
Chapter 11 Troubleshooting......................407
Introduction...................................408
Working with Windows Remote Assistance............408
Enabling Remote Assistance.....................408
Getting Help with Remote Assistance .............410
Working with Logs and Errors......................415
Opening the Event Viewer Console...............415
Event Levels ................................418
Using Custom View Filters .....................419
Network Connectivity and TCP/IP..................421
The Network and Sharing Center................422
Network Discovery...........................424
Diagnosing and Repairing the Connection..........424
Command-Line Network Diagnostic Utilities .......426
Troubleshooting Common Connectivity Problems . . . .431
Data Access Issues...............................432
Disabled File Sharing..........................432
Permissions.................................434
Effective Permissions........................434
Encryption.................................436
An Access Denied Message
Appears When Opening an Encrypted File .......436
Inability to Open Files after
Transferring from Another Computer ...........436
The Caching of Offline Files....................437
Windows Help and Support .......................438
Problem Reports and Solutions.....................441
Solutions Fast Track .............................443
Frequently Asked Questions .......................445
Index

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