Spirit,1967年成立于洛杉矶的迷幻乐队，最早成员Randy California (guitars, vocals), Jay Ferguson (vocals, percussion), Mark Andes (bass), Ed Cassidy（drums）,和键盘John Locke，乐队原名Spirits Rebellious，来自Khalil Gibran的一本书，后来改名Spirit，乐队生命力长达30余年，中途更换过的团员也非常多————
* Bob Arkin (bass)
* John Arliss (bass)
* Al Staehely (bass, vocals)
* John Staehely (guitar, vocals)
* John Fine (bass)
* Larry "Fuzzy" Knight (bass, vocals)
* Cozy Powell (drums)
* Stu Perry (drums)
* Scott Shelley (guitar, vocals)
* Donnie Dacus (guitar, vocals)
* Steve Olitzky (keyboards)
* Steve Ewards (guitar, vocals)
* George Valuck (keyboards)
* Steve Loria (bass, vocals)
* Scott Monahan (keyboards, vocals)
* Dave Waterbury (bass, vocals)
* Mike Lewis (keyboards, vocals)
* Walter Egan (bass, vocals)
* Andrea Carol (percussion)
* Matt Andes (guitar, vocals)
* Mike Nile (bass, vocals)
* Gary Bloom (keyboards, vocals)
* Tommy Beaumont (keyboards, vocals)
The original lineup of the group was Randy California (guitars, vocals), Jay Ferguson (vocals, percussion), Mark Andes (bass), California's stepfather Ed Cassidy on drums, and keyboard player John Locke. The new band was originally named the Spirits Rebellious (after a book by Khalil Gibran) but was soon shortened simply to Spirit. All but Locke had been part of the band The Red Roosters in 1965. California (then still known by his birth name of Randy Wolfe) had also played with Jimi Hendrix (then known as Jimmy James) in Jimmy James and the Blue Flames for three months in 1966.
Ed Cassidy is notable as one of the most accomplished drummers in rock and was instantly recognizable by his shaven head and proclivity to wear black. He was considerably older than the rest of the group (born in 1923). His earlier career was primarily in jazz and included stints with Cannonball Adderley, Gerry Mulligan, Roland Kirk and Lee Konitz. He was a founding member of Rising Sons with Taj Mahal and Ry Cooder.
Following a period of gigging around Los Angeles, the group attained quite a reputation. Brian Berry, the brother of Jan Berry (of Jan & Dean), heard the group and made arrangements for them to record a demo. The demo eventually made its way into the hands of Lou Adler, who was in the process of forming a new record label, Ode Records, which was distributed by Epic Records.
The group's first album, Spirit, was released in 1968. Though it didn't spawn any hit singles (the track "Mechanical World" was released as a single [with a humorous label on the 45 which lists the playing time merely as "very long", despite the fact that it is prematurely faded in order to shorten its length a bit], but it missed the Top 100), it was a substantial underground hit, reaching #31 and staying on the charts for over 8 months.
They capitalized on the relative success of their first album with a single, "I Got A Line On You". Released slightly before their second album, The Family That Plays Together (which came out in November of 1968), it became their biggest hit single, reaching #25 on the charts. The album matched its success, reaching #22. They also went on tour that year with Led Zeppelin, who were obviously listening to Spirit, as they played an extended medley during their early 1969 shows that featured "Fresh Garbage" among other songs. Jimmy Page's use of a theremin could also be attributed to his seeing Randy California use one which he had mounted to his amplifier.
After this success, the group was asked by French director Jacques Demy to record the soundtrack to his film Model Shop. They also made a brief appearance in the film, but it was a commercial failure (and the only English-language film that Demy would make). The mood that the group conjured while working on the soundtrack would inform the sound of much of their next album, Clear. Released in 1969, it didn't perform as well on the charts without a hit single, only making it to #55. They were offered the spot right before Jimi Hendrix at Woodstock, but they turned it down and went on a promotional tour (and while this might seem like a terrible idea to most people, it should be pointed out that Woodstock wasn't considered to be a very big deal until after the fact, and many extremely popular musicians such as The Doors turned down slots. It also needs to be pointed out that performing at Woodstock was no guarantee for greater exposure).
01. Dark Eyed Woman
02. Apple Orchard
03. So Little Time To Fly
04. Ground Hog
05. Cold Wind
06. Policeman's Ball
08. Give A Life, Take A Life
09. I'm Truckin'
12. New Dope In Town
14. Sweet Stella Baby
15. Fuller Brush Man