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Bernstein -《圣塞巴斯蒂安的殉难》(The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian)[APE]

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  • 摘要:
    发行时间1966年
  • 时间: 2006/04/02 21:25:16 发布 | 2006/04/02 21:25:16 更新
  • 分类: 音乐  古典音乐 

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专辑英文名The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian
专辑中文名圣塞巴斯蒂安的殉难
艺术家Bernstein
资源格式APE
发行时间1966年
简介

IPB Image


专辑介绍:

Debussy: The Martyrdom Of Saint Sebastian

Fritz Weaver (Narrator)
Felicia Montealegre (The Saint)
Adele Addison, Virginia Babikian (sopranos)
Marlena Kleinman, Joanna Simon (mezzo-sopranos)
The Choral Art Society
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Leonard Bernstein
Sony SMK60596 [ADD] 75:16
Recorded on October 22, 1962. Originally released in 1966.

圣塞巴斯蒂安的故事大家或多或少知道一些。简单地说,在基督教早期受迫害的年代,他是罗马皇帝的近卫队长,因极俊美,皇帝爱上了他,据说甚至许以一半江山。但塞巴斯蒂安虔信基督教,宁可被绑在树上乱箭射死。后来每年的1月20日成了圣塞巴斯蒂安节。

这是着名的殉教故事之一,也是众多绘画的题材。在宗教的标题下,几乎所有的绘画都展示了利箭穿透的健美或俊美的肉体,还有剧烈的痛苦或毁灭的美感。以此为题材的电影,则往往带上同性恋或SM的色彩,如着名的“Lily”和“Sebastian”。

德彪西的这部清唱剧,是他最后一部舞台作品,原词为法文。在这一版里,伯恩斯坦将其作了改编,两个讲述者的内容翻译成了英文,分别是画外音和塞巴斯蒂安,演唱部分仍是法文。这一版的特别之处,还在于以女声来表现塞巴斯蒂安,而出演的正是伯恩斯坦的妻子Felicia,让人唏嘘不已!

我Google了一下,这部作品,到处都说是德彪西晚年的重要作品之一,但到处都语焉不详,不知是刻意回避还是没人介绍。版本、评论也不多,许多人甚至不知道有伯恩斯坦这一版,直到90年代在“Bernstein Century”中以CD发行。

我觉得它的价值至少在三个方面:

首先是德彪西晚年的风格,我直观的感觉是和早期的很不同,但我不太了解技术手法之类,不知是否这里有人研究过,在Google里我居然还搜出了一篇他“晚年经历大战从而关心人民疾苦”之类,似乎他从小资而变为普罗了,呵呵。

其次是,它对于伯恩斯坦的意义。这样的一个题材,在历史的洪流中裹挟着信仰、男性肉体、虐恋等等互相矛盾的烙印或潜台词来到伯恩斯坦面前,我很难想象伯恩斯坦对其的感受复杂到了何种程度。而他使其更加复杂化:他让自己的妻子出演一个所有同性恋者梦中情人般的男人!事实上Felicia在其中的表现是十分出彩但也是最受争议的:她把痛苦的感受表现的太真实了,以至于有了下面摘的SM的批评!

再次是,这部作品,这个版本,戏剧冲突、音乐表现都很强烈不说,它流传得却似乎不广。所以我觉得更有发布的价值。

以下评论摘自Classical Net Review。

http://www.classical.net/music/recs/reviews/s/sny60596a.html

There's something sweetly risible about Debussy's last stage work. Musically, it suggests Parsifal a la française. Dramatically, it suggests an S&M party in a New York City loft.

Most Christians have heard the story of Sebastian, the to-die-for Roman archer who, much to everyone's chagrin, was shot full of his own arrows for rejecting his pagan gods and loving Christ. The text, by poet Gabriele d'Annunzio, flirts with the story's incipient homoeroticism and sadomasochism, although, as long as it is read in French, most listeners are none the wiser. In 1962, Bernstein "expanded and adapted" d'Annunzio's fever dream into an performing version in which the spoken text in done in English. That is what has been recorded here, and now no CD-buyer need fear misunderstanding a single tawdrily devout moment of The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian.

Mrs. Bernstein declaims the words of the Saint in high Sarah Bernhardt style. Fritz Weaver, an actor probably best known for the film Demon Seed, is the fervid Narrator. The orchestra plays well, and Bernstein is naturally sensitive to the score's outré elements. At times, however, the singing is a little scrappy. In the case of the chorus, the problem is not one of commitment but of discipline; they too seem overheated by Sebastian's subject matter. (The most competitive recording, that conducted - and narrated - by Charles Munch, also lacks strong vocal performances.) For some reason, the spoken voices are pushed over to the right channel, as they were on the LP release.



专辑曲目

1. Prologue: 'Gentle People, We Bid You Silence...'
2. First Window: The Court Of Lilies - 'First Window, The Court Of Lilies' : Twin Brothers: <Frere, que sera-t-il le monde>
3. First Window: The Court Of Lilies - 'Glory! Glory To Christ The King' : Archers Of Emesa: <Sebastian! Sebastian! Sebastian!>
4. First Window: The Court Of Lilies - Ecstatic Dance Of Sebastian On The Live Coals: 'Oh, Twin Brothers, Sing Your Hymn...' : Twin Brothers: <Hymnes, toute, l’ombre s’efface.>
5. Second Window: The Magic Chamber - 'Second Window, The Magic Chamber... Within A Vast Elliptical Vault...'
6. Second Window: The Magic Chamber - Song Of The Virgin Erigone: <Je fauchais l’epi de froment>
7. Second Window: The Magic Chamber - 'And Suddenly A New Voice Sings From Beyond The Magic Door': Celestial Voice: <Qui pleure mon enfant si doux>
8. Third Window, The Council Of False Gods... 'A Huge Gilded Hall...'
9. Third Window, The Council Of False Gods - 'Suddenly, The Emperor Speaks!...' 'Hail, Beauteous Youth.'
10. Third Window, The Council Of False Gods - 'Intone Your Hymn!...' : Chorus Of Zither-Players: <Paian, Lyre d’or>
11. Third Window, The Council Of False Gods - 'Caesar, I Refuse Your Lyre...' : The Women Of Byblos: <Ah! Tu pleures le Bien-Aime !>
12. Third Window, The Council Of False Gods - 'Who Is This Young Man So White...' : Solo Voice: <Cessez, o pleureuses!>
13. 'Sing! Exult!' : Chorus Of Syrians: <lo! lo! Adoniastes!>
14. Third Window, The Council Of False Gods - 'He Dies, The Archer Of Lebanon.' : Chorus Of Syrians: <ll est mort, le bel Adonis>
15. Fourth Window: The Wounded Laurel - 'But Gentle People... Fourth Window, The Wounded Laurel'
16. Fourth Window: The Wounded Laurel - 'I Feel In The Palm Of My Hand The Stigmata Burn...'
17. Fourth Window: The Wounded Laurel - 'From The Depths, Archers, I Call Upon Your Love!' : Chorus Of Syrians And The Women Of Byblos: <Helas! Ah! Pleurez, o femmes de Syrie>
18. Fifth Window: Paradise - 'A Pearly Radiance Spreads In The Sky... The Fifth Window, Paradise!'
19. Fifth Window: Paradise - Chorus Of Martyrs: <Gloire!>

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