Willie Dixon，从一个被解放的奴隶后裔意外生下的小孩，成为众所皆知的美国音乐遗产关键人物，几乎可说是蓝调音乐进展的体现。Dixon是最早的专业蓝调词曲作者之一，写出了成串的好作品--但他却必须要为此奋力争取--他的作品也让他成为音乐产业不公义对待的象征人物，即使到了世纪末依然如此。身为一个制作人、词曲作者、贝斯手与歌手，他帮助了Muddy Waters、Howlin' Wolf、Little Water以及其它人发现了他们在商业上最成功的声音。
在Dixon还是个青少年的时候，就已经开始写歌并卖给当地的乐团。他也向一位当地的木匠Theo Phelps研习音乐，对方教会了他合音唱法(harmony singing)。凭着他的低沉嗓音，Dixon加入了由Phelps组织的团体the Union Jubilee Singers，现声于当地的电台。Dixon最终来到了芝加哥，他在那里赢得了依利诺州金手套拳击重量级冠军。他也许能成为一位成功的拳击手，但他转向音乐，要感谢Leonard "Baby Doo" Caston这位吉他手，他在Dixon工作的体育馆见到他，并不时找他一起唱歌。他们俩组成了在街角献艺的双人组，而Dixon之后拿起了贝斯做为乐器。他们后来组成了the Five Breezes这个团体，为Bluebird唱片录音。然而，当Dixon因道德的反对理由拒绝入伍，乐团的成就也因此中止。一年后Dixon终于出狱，另组团体the Four Jumps of Jive。不过在1945年时Dixon回去找Caston合作，与吉他手Bernado Dennis（后被Ollie Crawford取代）组成名为the Big Three Trio的团体。
He was born as William James Dixon, in Vicksburg, Mississippi. He was a producer for Chess and Checker Records in Chicago and is considered one of the key figures in the creation of Chicago blues. He worked with Chuck Berry, Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, Led Zeppelin, Otis Rush, Bo Diddley, Little Walter, Sonny Boy Williamson, Koko Taylor, Little Milton, Eddie Boyd, Jimmy Witherspoon, Lowell Fulson, Willie Mabon, Memphis Slim, Washboard Sam, and others.
He had a colourful life. In his teens he had many scrapes with the law, and decided to hitchhike his way to Chicago. A giant of a man, he took up boxing, and was so successful as to win the Golden Gloves heavywight title in 1936. His progress in learning to play the bass was halted when he resisted the World War II draft, and was imprisoned for ten months. After the war, he re-united with his bass playing tutor, Baby Doo Caston, forming the Big Three Trio, who went on to record for Columbia Records. Dixon subsequently signed for Chess Records as a recording artist, but by 1951 he was a full time employee of the label. His relationship with them was sometimes strained, although his spell there covered the years from 1948 to the early 1960s. During this time his output, and influence was prodigious. Indeed, he once claimed "I am the blues." This may seem a little arrogant, but there is no doubt that he was one of the major influences on the genre, through his original and varied songwriting, live performances, recording, and copious production work. He later recorded on Bluesville Records.
His double bass playing was of a high standard. He appears on many of Chuck Berry's early recordings, further proving his linkage between the blues and the birth of rock 'n' roll.
Dixon's genius as a songwriter lay in refurbishing archaic Southern motifs, in contemporary arrangements. This produced songs with the backbone of the blues, and the agility of pop music. British R&B bands of the 1960's constantly drew on the Dixon songbook for inspiration.
In addition, as his songwriting and production work started to take a backseat, his organisational ability was utilised, putting together all-star, Chicago based blues ensembles for work in Europe.
His health deteriorated in the 1970s and 1980s, due to long-term diabetes, and eventually his leg had to be amputated. Willie Dixon died in 1992 and was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994. As the songlist below demonstrates, his work was covered by a varied range of artists, from the blues, to modern day rock music practitioners.
Willie Dixon died of heart failure in Burbank, California in 1992 and was buried in the Burr Oak Cemetery in Alsip, Illinois.
01. I Can't Quit You Baby
02. I Don't Care Who Knows - (with Harold Burrage)
03. Hidden Charms - (with Charles Clark)
04. Too Many Cooks - (with Jessie Fortune)
05. Axe And The Wind - (with George "Wild Child" Butler)
06. Just Got Some - (with Willie Mabon)
07. Easy Baby - (with Magic Sam)
08. Fishin' In My Pond - (with Lee Jackson)
09. Two-Headed Woman - (with Junior Wells)
10. Have A Good Time - (with Walter "Shakey" Horton)
11. Sit And Cry - (with Buddy Guy)
12. My Love - (with Betty Everett)
13. Spider In My Stew - (with Buster Benton)
14. Satisfied - (with Harold Burrage)
15. My Babe - (with Mickey Gilley)
16. All Night Long - (with Magic Sam)
17. She's A Sweet One - (with Junior Wells)
18. My Love Will Never Die - (with Otis Rush)